Unidentified Ethiopian Military flying officer stands near an airplane in a hangar in Ethiopia. He discusses something with ground crewmen. Others cover the airplane. Another Ethiopian officer turns and approaches the camera. He appears to be John C. Robinson (also called "The Brown Condor"), a native of Mississippi who volunteered to command the Ethiopian Air Force during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Several airplanes of the Ethiopian Air Force are seen in the hangar. At the very end of the clip is a brief, closeup view of Mishka Babitchef. Of Russian descent, Babitchef was the first Ethiopian pilot and he organized the Ethiopian Air Force circa 1929-1930.
'Retrospect' about the events that led to the present pattern of life in the United States. Host Douglas Edwards, an American television anchor speaks about the past events in America. Crowd of unemployed men gathering in bread lines after the 1929 crash and subsequent Great Depression. A man near a box of apples. The U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses a gathering. The kidnapping of Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Jr., the son of the aviator Charles Lindbergh in 1932. Bruno Richard Hauptmann, a German carpenter who abducted the child during the trial. The congressmen at the formation of the Lindbergh Law. Newspapers describe the apprehension or death of notorious gangster criminals, such as Dutch Schultz and Baby Face Nelson. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. a American politician addresses people. Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia appeals to the League of Nations, after his country is attacked by Italy under Mussolini. Adolf Hitler stands. Troops of the German army parade. Scenes from the Spanish Civil War in 1936-1937 as Spanish national forces battle against fascist rebel forces. Spanish Troops fire 75mm field artillery pieces. Bombs being dropped on the buildings. Spanish soldiers marching during the civil war. The Hindenburg disaster takes place on May 6th 1937: The German airship LZ 129 Hindenburg catches fire over the Lakehurst Naval Air Station in Manchester, New Jersey. Amelia Earhart the first woman aviator to fly solo holds flowers and is surrounded by people. She went missing in 1937. Cowboy philosopher Will Rogers, alone and with U.S. Vice President John Nance Garner and with aviator Wiley Post (who had patch over one eye). King Edward VIII of Great Britain, abdicating the throne for "the woman I love." People at the German-American Bund Nazi sympathizing gathering including the subduing of objectors on stage, in Madison Square Garden, New York. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, returning from meeting with Adolf Hitler in Munich in 1938. View of Adolf Hitler. German tanks on parade in World War II. an array of artillery guns on display. Railway guns being fired in WW2.
Japanese army officers examining foreign military equipment. A Japanese worker employing electric drill developed in a Western country. The Japanese freighter, Tatsuno Maru, loading scrap iron at a port in the United States. Other Japanese freighters loading coal and oil for shipment back to Japan. View of the Washington Naval Conference in Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, DC, held in 1921-22 and again in 1927 and 1930, to deal with several lingering issues. Glimpse of Japanese people holding flags while gathered near the Imperial Palace in Tokyo. Glimpse of Japanese army troops on parade. Japanese Navy warships at sea. A fleet of Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers and Nakajima Ki-27 pursuit planes, parked on an airfield. A loose formation of Ki-27s airborne. Animated map illustrates Japanese fortification of Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall islands in the Pacific. Animated map illustrating China's greater size and population vis-a-vis Japan. Animated map illustrating Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931. New York Times newspaper with headline "Japs Seize Manchuria" hovers over fires burning in Manchuria. Other newspaper headlines reporting on Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia; the Spanish civil war; surrender of Czechoslovakia; invasion of Poland; Nazi assaults on France, Belgium, and the Netherlands; the London Blitz; and Nazi advances against Russia on the Eastern Front. Fnally, a Boston Hearald extra edition headline reports: "Pearl Harbor Bombed." A still photograph of Japanese Baron Tanaka Giichi (on left) with two other dignitaries, circa 1929. Japanese infantry streaming into Manchuria and then celebrating as they walk into local town. A busy street in a Chinese city. Japanese soldiers in Manchuria escorting local prisoners along a street. Animated map illustrating Japananese warships surrounding harbor of Shanghai, China. View from a Japanese ship bombarding Shanghai. Smoke rising from shell striking on Shanghai waterfront. View from land of severely damaged buildings on a street, and a shell exploding in background, as Chinese defenders move to successfully repel the Japanese forces. New map illustrates subsequent Japanese move, annexing Jehol, from occupied Manchukuo, and Korea. Japanese troops entering a town in Jehol. Sun newspaper headline: "League Censures Japan." Chinese diplomat protesting at League of Nations. Japanese troops exiting railroad trains in Jehol. Aisin Gioro Puyi aka Henry Pu Yi, Kangde Emperor (Kang-te Emperor) of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, is seen saluting Japanese troops on parade. Closeup of Puyi wearing shaded glasses, looking directly into the camera. chiang Kai-shek, with other Chinese officers. Reenactment of barbarian forces riding against China and thwarted by the Great Wall. Many Chinese walking in a long line along the Great Wall. Map tracing the Great Wall across China. Aerial view of the Great Wall from overflying airplane. Japanese troops marching through a city gate; infantry climbing a sheer cliff; and helmeted Japanese soldiers marching past civilians in a city. Map illustrated progress of Chinese unification by year 1937. Japanese officers conferring during occupation. Japanese troops leave a barracks, riding in open trucks. A line of the troop trucks moving along the dirt street of a town. The troops climb from their trucks in the town.
Prince of Uoghera, Ayalew Birru, being hailed by thousands of people on his birthday in Ethiopia, Africa. The troops and horsemen and a large group of men walk on a path, in Ethiopia. Trees are lined on one side of the path and several huts in view on a small hill behind. The troops enter an open court. The Prince of Uoghera sits on a chair and the troops stand around him, in the open court. The troops hail the Prince on his birthday. The group of men gather in the court.
Actions of Italy leading up to World War II. Animated map shows Japan and the Sea of Japan on world globe. Benito Mussolini gives a speech. Italian troops invade Ethiopia. Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie addressing the League of Nations. Eithiopian native leaders and tribal soldiers gather with Emperor Selassie and pledge allegiance to him and Ethiopia at a rally against the Italian invasion. Ethiopian fighters with spears and bare feet battling well-armed Italian soldiers in vain. Newspaper heading reads 'Mussolini invades Ethiopia'. Italian aircraft drops bombs on Ethiopia. President Franklin Roosevelt in his speech denounces the Italians invading Ethiopia. Adolf Hitler raises his hand. German troops lined up.
Start of the 2nd Italo-Ethiopian War (Second Italo-Abyssinian War).Map shows Red Sea, Arabian peninsula, and Africa, and highlighting Ethiopia and its capital, Addis Ababa, along with Djibouti and the regions of Erythree (Eritrea) and Somalie Italienne (Italian Somaliland). Following border controversies, Narrator states the matter came to a head when Italian and Ethiopian elements clashed at Welwel oasis (aka Walwal, or Ual-Ual).on November 26, and again, on December 4, 1934. Views of League of Nations council reviewing the situation. (They later concluded, on October 7, 1935, that Italy violated Article 12 of the League Covenant, by its invasion on October 3rd.) Crowds are seen demonstrating in Ethiopia. Italian forces are seen embarked on a ship as part of Italy's force buildup. Italian forces, including armor and infantry, are seen in their wholesale invasion from Eritrea, into Ethiopia, on October 3, 1935. With war declared, Ethopian troops muster in areas of the Capital, Addis Ababa. Ethopian tribesmen are seen answering the call to arms