Earliest motion pictures captured at the turn of the 20th century in Europe. Berlin 1895: Otto Von Bismarck, Chancellor of Germany, addresses Germans about the need for 'blood and iron'. Large crowd gathered at a Berlin square to hear him. England, 1903: The future Prince of Wales plays with his brother Albert and sister Mary at the Winter Castle. The two boys hold toy guns. Moscow, 1907: Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia, at a gathering with military officials and other dignitaries. A large crowd outside the palace. Germany, 1910: Kaiser Wilhelm II along with other military officials at an orphanage. Children put up a show for the German Emperor. Orphan children posing with the Kaiser.
Mankind's earliest attempts at achieving heavier-than-air flight, and footage of early and historic flight and aircraft. Animated film clip showing imaginary rocket in flight. View from an airplane taking off with other aircraft and terminal buildings seen outside. A caption reading "We can fly." Views from airplane windows of scenes below, including a town, bodies of water, Alpine lodges, and snow-covered mountains. (Views are from a Ju52 passenger plane, the corrugated wings, of which are seen.) Some views are out of the small round port window of the airplane. Sequence shifts to film reenactment of Otto Lilienthal setting up one of his gliders, and running downhill to launch it (circa 1895). A still photo of Lilienthal aloft in one of his gliders. View of German Karl Jatho's airplane, circa 1903. The American Wright brothers airplane being started and taking off. The Wright Flyer airplane in flight. The Voisin-Farman I airplane in flight. it was built by Frenchman Gabriel Voisin and flown by aviator Henri Farman in 1907. Danish inventor-engineer,Jacob Christian Hansen-Ellehammer, in his airplane, 1906. Louis Bleriot inspects his airplane, circa 1909. A pilot (not Bleriot) sits cockpit of a Bleriot airplane with engine running. He taxis and takes off.A biplane built by Gabriel Voisin in flight, circa 1909. A light monoplane built by German aviator,Hans Grade,takes off, flies a while, and lands again,at an air show in 1909. The pilot crawls out of the airplane.Photograph of The Etrich Taube (AKA Rumpler Taube) monoplane,in flight. It was designed in 1909 by Igo Etrich of Austria-Hungary, and first flown in 1910.
People attend the Circuit de L' Quest. Alfred LeBlanc is the winner of the race. Leblanc lands aircraft and personnel run out to meet him. LeBlanc congratulated. Jules Vedrines is the winner of the Paris-Madrid race. Jules Vedrines lands at San Sebastian completing the second of three legs in the race to Madrid in 1911. Jules Vedrines alights the plane. View of Andre Beaumont (really Jean Louis Conneau but better known as André Beaumont), winner of the first European Circuit Air race in 1911. André Beaumont smiles from the cockpit of his airplane. Female aviator (aviatrix) Helene Dutrieu (Hélène Dutrieu) seated in cockpit of a Santos-Dumont designed Demoiselle. View of the first multi-passenger aircraft built, the Albessard tandem monoplane.
Japanese involvement in Korea, from end of Russo-Japanese war through post annexation in 1910. Landscape scenes of Korea. A 4-stacker Japanese troop ship, in a Korean harbor, flying the rising sun flag. Japanese troops disembarking, and marching off the pier. Japanese atrocities committed against the Korean people. Still pictures of Japanese officers. Slate highlights August 10, 1910, the date that Japan officially annexed Korea. Images show Korean flag being replaced by that of Japan. Panning views over rooftops of residential neighborhood and buildings in Nam San Dong, Seoul. Scene shifts to poorer rural area village with straw-roofed huts. Men till rice fields and irrigate fields by manpower alone. Views of various farm crops in the fields. Women are seen harvesting crops. In village, peasants thresh grains by hand. Officials arrive to weigh and take rice from village.Narrator states that the Japanese were everywhere and treated the Korean people very badly.Burlap bags of grain piled on cart. Korean workers load farm products for shipment to Japan. Various cargoes of Korean products being moved by rail to ports for shipment to Japan. Korean women and some children at work in fabric mills. Korean men at work in smelting plant. Many Korean men laboring on rock piles, and carrying heavy logs. One man collapses. Another collapses while working in surface mining. Supervisor chases others who try to assist him. (Note:This film, which contains some very old historic footage, is attributed to the War Department Military Intelligence Division, and was probably produced circa 1940. It is listed as 1910 because Japanese annexation and related events are included herein.)
History of fire fighting in forests in United States. United States President Theodore Roosevelt standing with several persons, including John Muir and Chief Forester, Gifford Pinchot. Roosevelt on speaker's stand. Picture of Northern District Forester, William B. Greely and his staff, in Missoula, Montana. Scenes from 1910 during period of drought. A ranger checks a rain gauge. Picture of Smoke rising in a forest as a fire breaks out in Montana. Firefighters are recruited and head to Montana on horses and mules. Smoke rises as fire spreads across the forest. Firefighters work with hand tools and axes in attempt to control the fires. August 20, 1910, hurricane force winds create the "Big Blowup" fire storm starting in Elk City Idaho. Destruction in Wallace, Idaho. Scenes of aftermath, showing swaths of destroyed forest. Men in area filled with smoke, felling a large tree using axes. Forest Rangers standing on a mountain peak, scanning the horizon, with field glasses, for signs of fire. A Ranger on horseback. A Ranger approaches a fire, puts his backpack down and starts to clear brush. A fire warden standing on a peak looking for signs of fire.
Group of garment workers pose, for photograph, on steps of a building in Chicago. Police on horseback approach a group of people on a sidewalk. Horse-drawn wagon parked at curb. Mounted police breaking up a gathering. Two women caught in the commotion. One falls to the ground and is helped up by a uniformed policeman. Four women garment workers pose for a picture. Another view of the group seen earlier on steps of a building. Striking garment workers marchi in streets of Chicago. Brief montage with scenes of unrest. Garment workers parade with sign lamenting the death of Charles Lazinskas .Formal portrait photograph of Charles Lazinskas, with caption beneath reading:"Was shot December 3, 1910." The Chicago Daily Tribune of January 4, 1910, with headline reading: "Man shot in strike riots, foreman of big clothing factory held." Another newspaper headline reads:"Strikers March With Mute Pleas, Garment Workers Rely on Banners and Placards to Air Grievances." Yet another reads: "Strike Embroils Social Workers, Pastor and U of C Student Interfere for Toilers and Are Arrested, Police Brutality." Picture of social worker, Jane Addams, with another woman. Early and later photographs of Joseph Shaffner, of Hart, Schaffner, & Marx company. Garment worker union leader, Sidney Hillman. Fabric cutters working at the clothing factory.