Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Scenes from a British World War I movie, released after the war, in the 1920's. British soldiers on a battlefield in Europe during World War I. Soldiers climb a wall and jump to the other side. The troops advance in an open field and then charge a German enemy bunker. The soldiers fire artillery. Smoke in the background. The soldiers in position in a trench. The soldiers run in the field and cross barbed wire entanglement. Explosions happen and smoke rises from the explosions. A wounded soldier lying on the ground. Bodies of dead soldiers lying on the ground.
War casualties in Europe during World War I. A British soldier looks at a dead comrade. British soldiers in trench. Location shifts to a smaller dug-in trench. A handful of British soldiers during battle. They are wearing gas masks. Scene shows one soldier shaking violently after he is overcome by gas. (Note: This is an excerpt from a British World War I movie, released after the war, in the 1920's.)
Legislators entering a hall in Czechoslovakia, in 1948. Inside,an image of the Small Coat of Arms of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1920) dominates the scene. New scene shows Gustav Husak, acting Prime Minister, delivering an address urging support for the Communist Party. The next sequence shows violent Communist-led demonstrations, as armed trade unionists riot in the Prague streets, attacking the offices of the political opposition. Police attempt to restore order. On February 25, 1948, the communists achieve a Czechoslovak coup d'état. On February 27th, Czech President, Edvard Benes, receives a delegation including communist Premier Klement Gottwald and the 12 new members of the cabinet, at the Presidential Palace. He is seen signing documents accepting the communist cabinet. Change of scene shows Czech Foreign Minister, Jan Masaryk, giving a speech rejecting the change. (He remained in office, but died under suspicious circumstances on On March 10, 1948.) View of Masaryk in his casket. Mourners at his funeral.The Czech Parliament Building with flag at half staff. President Benes seen strolling, using a cane, accompanied by his wife, Hana Benes, in the garden of their summer home, Benesova vila, in Sezimovo Usti. Narrator notes that he refused to sign a new constitution drawn up by the communists. He died of natural causes at his villa on September 3, 1948. Scenes of his funeral and of him in his casket. Views of Benes' state funeral, with mourners lining the streets. View of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Narrator describes circumstances using Churchill's term "Iron Curtain." A communist parade in an Eastern European city. A person who was roughed up on the street. View of East German uprising in 1953, being suppressed with Soviet tanks. Uprising in Poland in 1955 being put down by local police and Russian soldiers. Polish musicians playing and examples of Polish political cartoons permitted under relaxed communist rule.
America and Europe during post World War 1 period of 1920s Sketches: American workers in factories. The U.S. President Warren Gamaliel Harding converses with a friend. President with other officials signs a paper. President Harding dies and the Nation mourns. Pallbearers carry coffin of the President. Sketches depict the various scandals under the Harding administration, including the Tea Pot Dome scandal. Vice President John Calvin Coolidge becomes President. Several sketches of the President . Sketches of rich people in America. People in a car. Automobiles driven out of a Ford factory. Sketch of the workers building a road. Various labor saving electrical devices. Sketches depict a housewife relaxing and people becoming better off economically. Ordinary people gamble on the stock market. Various pictures of American farmers suffering, as demand for food falls in the wake of World War 1. Economic and financial crises affect Germany. Hyperinflation and riots occur in Germany. The unrest gives rise to future leaders like Adolf Hitler in Germany and Benito Mussolini, in Italy.
The life of U.S. General Dwight D Eisenhower from late 1920s to the World War II. The General Service School graduation certificate of Eisenhower. A guidebook of the American battlefields in Europe which was prepared by Eisenhower when he was assigned in France. Eisenhower with General Douglas MacArthur as his Chief Military Aide. General MacArthur talks into a phone. MacArthur shakes hands with a military officer. Eisenhower in Washington DC as the executive officer of the 15th Infantry Regiment. German troops fight in Holland and Belgium during the World War II. A meeting as the U.S. passes the Collective Service Act. Eisenhower looks through a pair of binoculars. Eisenhower with an officer. Eisenhower as the Chief of Staff of the 3rd Army. Fight in Louisiana. Bombing at the Pearl Harbor.