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Europe 1939 stock footage and images

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Scenes aboard ocean liner SS Manhattan: Ambassador William Dodd interviewed in 1938 and passengers fleeing war in Europe in 1939.

A large number of passengers aboard the ocean liner SS Manhattan (later USS Wakefield) in the United States. Scene from January 10,1938 as the USS Manhattan returns from her Europe trip. A large number of passengers aboard the ship. U.S. Ambassador to Nazi Germany William E. Dodd is interviewed by media persons about his Europe trip. He declares that living in Europe at the time is discouraging and there is crisis in Europe as Nazism and Fascism are gaining ground everywhere. The ship is underway and arriving at New York Harbor on September 30, 1939, carrying 1837 persons, its largest passenger count ever. The passengers are fleeing war-torn Europe early in World War 2. A sign on the ship: 'Manhattan United States Lines'. The passengers in mass numbers at a harbor. The Statue of Liberty in the background.

Date: 1938
Duration: 1 min 1 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Germany bombs and invades various nations of Europe during opening years of World War II. Civilians evacuating war torn cities.

Past events show German invasions during World War II. German flags in view. German soldiers march. German planes fly in formation during Nazi Party rally at Luitbold Arena in Nuremberg Germany. Adolf Hilter salutes a parade as armored cars and German soldiers pass by. German Luftwaffe aircraft pass overhead in formation during a rally. Comparison shot shows German Wehrmacht army soldiers marching in close ranks, followed by a close up shot of United States Army soldiers marching in close ranks. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler in discussion with Hermann Goering (Göring). They approach a map and then turn their backs. British soldier on lookup watches the sky over London for signs of German bombing raid as parliament buildings and the River Thames are seen in the background. Elevated view of city center, streets, bridges and Russia Orthodox Church in the Soviet Union; possibly Moscow. View of the United States Capitol building in Washington DC. Animated map shows the German positions. Aerial view of devastation from German Luftwaffe bombing of Poland on September 1, 1939. Damaged buildings and houses in Poland due to German bombing in World War II. Polish civilians lined up. Polish people near wrecked horse cart and equipment. Polish citizens carry dead bodies on litters and dig graves for citizens killed in bombing. British people near Big Ben and Parliament buildings on September 3, 1939, the date England declared war against Germany. In London, British children walking toward railroad station near signs that read "To Evacuation Trains", to be evacuated from the London area for safety during the war. Scenes of anguished citizens in England and in France saying goodbye to loved ones including boys and girls being evacuated and husbands leaving for war service. They hug and embrace with emotion. Women wave handkerchiefs at a bus departing with children, then weep. German soldiers march invading Denmark and Norway in April 1940. Sad civilians flee in trucks.

Date: 1940
Duration: 3 min 0 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Tripartite Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan in Berlin, Germany. Ensuing attacks by Germany and Japan in World War II

This film is a scattering montage of World War 2 scenes from 1939 through 1945. Part of an agreement between Nazi Germany and Yugoslavia is shown in English. It is dated June 1, 1939 and ostensibly signed by Adolf Hitler. Next, German Ju 87, Stuka dive bombers are shown peeling off from formation, on April 6, 1941, to attack Yugoslavia. Bombs bursting on the ground. Closeup of a Stuka airplane in a dive, making its characteristic whine, and dropping bombs. Bombs exploding just outside some concrete walls. German infantry running along railroad tracks and entering backyard of house in a village. German soldiers observing from overlooking hill; climbing over rubble; and marching along a road toward a village. Animated map showing German invasion areas early in World War II, extending through most of Europe and into Norway, by 1941. Animated map shows further invasions into France, Belgium, low countries, the Balkans, and Eastern front towards the Soviet Union. Map highlights Tokyo, Rome, and Berlin. Delegations walking in hall of building in Berlin, to sign Tripartite pact, on September 27, 1940. The group is led by by Count Galeazzo Ciano (Italian Foreign Minister, and Mussolini's son-in-law); Joachim von Ribbentrop, Germany's Foreign Minister and Japan’s Ambassador Saburō Kurusu. The diplomats are seen, next, standing near a table as Adolf Hitler enters rendering Nazi salute. He shakes hands with Count Ciano and Ambassador Kurusu. Hitler is seated to watch the proceedings. Von Ribbontrop is seen signing for Germany. Next scenes show German armored units heading East in Operation Barbarossa (June of 1941). A sign identifies the town of Eydtkau (Eydtkuhnen) on the German-Lithuanian border. German armor and artillery moving eastward. German troops destroying international crossing barriers. German troops firing siege guns. Montage with glimpses of German battle scenes showing tanks, guns, rockets in action with attendant explosions, fires, and destruction. Formations of German warplanes in flight, including Junkers Ju-52s that carry troops, including paratroops. View from above of Junkers Ju-87 Stuka dive bombers in formation. View of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, England (which miraculously survived the Blitz). The Tower Bridge in London, seen through a haze. German Junkers 87 Stuka dive bombers peeling off from formation to attack. British anti-aircraft searchlights shining beams skyward. Diving bombers illuminated by the lights. Anti-aircraft guns firing. Nighttime scenes showing gunfire flashes, explosions, tracer bullets and fires in London. British fire brigades fighting fires in London buildings as some collapse from the German bombing during the so-called "Blitz." Scene shifts to Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, as a Japanese bomb explodes on a U.S. Navy warship. The USS Arizona billowing smoke and listing as it succumbs to Japanese bombing. Another view of the Arizona sinking. Smoke rising from Battleship Row, at Pearl Harbor. Glimpse of postwar Nuremberg trial.

Date: 1940, September 27
Duration: 4 min 31 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes from World War 1, and world events in the period between World War I and World War II.

Rail guns firing in World War 1. U.S. troops charging out of trenches. Allied gunners firing "French 75s" Allied twin-tailed biplane bombers. French Renault F17 tanks. Crowds in cities celebrate Armistice Day and end of World War I. Treaty of Versailles. Destruction of warships. Scenes of Paris. A pagoda in Japan. Temples in Siam, China, and Manchuria. Two Kayan women in Myanmar or Thailand perform a dance. Both Kayan women wear long brass coil neck rings. In the U.S., a boy hits a baseball and runs toward first base. Scenes of Japan invading Manchuria. Newspaper with headline: Henry Stimson denouncing Japan. U.S. Army troops dispel World War I veteran bonus marchers. Men lined up in bread line for unemployed during Great Depression. Brief shot of Gangsters in gun battle in an American city. Scenes of dust bowl in American with farmers and families heading West in caravans. Family standing by tent. Torchlight parade in Germany. Adolf Hitler with German President Hindenburg. Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Victor Lutze, at 1934 Nazi Rally in Nuremberg. Italian Caproni bombers over Ethiopia. Ethiopian tribesmen and Haile Selassie. U.S.Neutrality Act. American youths with a 1930 Ford coupe. Scenes from Civil war in Spain. Spanish Rebel forces in ground combat with Nationalist forces. German and Italian aircraft participate in bombing Spanish Nationalist targets in Spanish Civil War. Spanish civilians flee bombing, tend to wounded and dead victims following bombings. Italian Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 Sparviero bombers. Crowds running for shelter. Women and children victims of bombing, some crying and in shock. Spanish General Franco arrives by train in southern France to meet with Hitler. View of Gallup Poll forms, and findings, with Americans against entering European war and preferring neutrality. Japanese planes and warships attack China. Naval Chinese civilians run for cover; bodies of Chinese in trucks. Japanese freighters, Buenos Aires and Tatsuno Maru, in U.S. ports being loaded with scrap iron and metals. Hitler, Goering and other officers in 1938. Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Benito Mussolini, Count Ciano sign Munich Agreement. Hitler riding standing up in an open car during a rally in Germany. Elevated view of Los Angeles, then view of traffic on streets of Los Angeles California and newspapers being sold to pedestrians. Citizens in movie theater watching Confessions of a Nazi Spy. German-American Bund activities including outdoor rallies in the U.S., and an indoor rally in Madison Square Garden. Emperor Hirohito reviewing World War 2 troops of Japan. Japanese steel production and arms production in Japanese factories. The Hokoku Maru Japanese ship being launched with fanfare from Tama Shipyards on July 5, 1939. Meeting of United States Military Affairs Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives in late 1939 to consider national defense matters. In meeting of Naval Affairs Committee, representative asks for increase of 25 percent in authorized naval tonnage.

Date: 1940
Duration: 11 min 26 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German and Italian invasions in Europe during 1939

Animated map illustrates Nazi takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1939. St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City. Italian Destroyer, RN Camicia Nera, in Albanian harbor, during Italian invasion. Italian troops marching along Albanian pier. Italian troops entering Albania on bicycles; in trucks;and L3 tankettes. President Franklin Roosevelt writing letters to Hitler and Mussolini, requesting them to respect independence of 33 European countries. Hitler addressing the Bundestag making fun of Roosevelt's letter, and delegates laughing and applauding. Goering and Goebels are seen present.

Date: 1939
Duration: 1 min 32 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Actions of Axis and Allied powers on brink of World War II in period 1937-1939.

Japanese troops parade for Emperor Hirohito, mounted upon a white horse. Italian troops goosestep and German troops goosestep on parade. View of Austrian town with snow-covered Alps mountains in background as German troops enter Austria on March 13, 1938 during the Anschluss. Local citizens welcome them, displaying swastika flags and giving Nazi straight arm salutes. Troops, military vehicles, tanks, motorcycles, and horse-drawn artillery comprise the German invading force. Shifts to Spain, where war torn buildings reflect effects of German and Italian intervention during the Spanish Civil War. A donkey standing near field artillery piece. Artillery being fired from an urban park in Spain. Artilleryman using a range finder. German gun crew with heavy artillery piece. Soldiers wearing Adrian steel helmets, firing a two-wheeled water-cooled machine gun. Spanish carrying wounded on stretcher. Spanish civilians inadvertently slain during civil war conflict. Starving dog walking in street. Huge poster of Francisco Franco and view of him on reviewing stand saluting marching Nationalist troops. Repeat of Hirohito reviewing troops and Italian and German troops goosestep. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini stand together in open car heading to Fuhrerbau in Munich, Germany, for signing of Agreement between Germany, Italy, Britain, and France in 1938.Neville Chamberlain, and Edouard Daladier riding in car to Fuhrerbau. Views of the principals signing the accords. Hermann Goering seen. In Italy, Mussolini waves to cheering crowd from balcony. German troops enter Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia) greeted by joyous ethnic German inhabitants.German military brass band playing in open trucks. Signpost pointing to Prag; Eger; Joachimsta; and Komotau. German troops marching into Prague.Italian Destroyer in port, as Italy invades Albania in 1939. An Italian L3/33 tankette being unloaded from a ship.Bicycle troops riding in Albania. German gun position overlooking river. Hitler at Reichstag mocks Roosevelt plea to stop invasions.

Date: 1938
Duration: 4 min 59 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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