The Allied Campaign in Italy during World War II. The campaign begins on September 23,1943. British 8th Army troops get onto ships . British 8th Army Commander General Bernard Montgomery. British soldiers land in Calabria, Italy. 8th Army troops advance. Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower aboard a ship. The Italian fleet surrenders. U.S. 5th Army soldiers loaded in a ship under the command of U.S. Army General Mark Clark as they head for Salerno, Italy. Allied aircraft provide a cover to the convoy underway at sea. German soldiers and equipment in Salerno. Allied troops land at a beach as the Germans open a heavy fire. Explosions occur at the beach. Allied naval guns are fired at German positions. Nazi aircraft attack to disrupt Allied landings. Royal Air Force and B-17s of the U.S. 9th Air Force aircraft in flight. Aerial view of bombs exploding on German positions. Dead soldiers at the beach. 8th Army soldiers advance inland. Artillery being fired. General Mark Clark with the soldiers after gaining the beachhead. 8th and 5th Army soldiers advance into Italy. A map depicts the position of Foggia, an Allied stronghold.
Allied invasion of Foggia, Italy during World War II. Aerial views of Foggia. U.S. Army Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress bombers in flight. Bombs impact and billows of smoke rise up. B-17s in flight over the area as flaks burst around the airplanes.
A documentary television program titled 'The Big Picture' depicts the role of U.S. soldiers in the Italian Campaign during World War II. U.S. soldiers advance on tanks. The soldiers climb up a snowy area and get off a landing craft. Sergeant James Mansfield speaks about the story of U.S. soldiers wearing a Blue Badge and the Italian Campaign fought by U.S. soldiers. The sergeant holds a Combat Infantryman Badge. Colonel William W. Quinn talks about the role of Combat Engineers and Blue Badge Infantryman in the Italian Campaign. Animated map of Italy shows British 8th Army capturing Foggia and U.S. 5th Army capturing Naples in Italy. The Volturno River and mountains in the background. A damaged bridge. Troops near the river. Animated map shows location of Allied troops. Engineers construct a bridge over the river. Allied troops cross the river with necessary supplies and artillery.
Opening scene shows British artillerymen bombarding the Italian town of Ortona, on the Adriatic coast of Italy, which is held by paratroops of the German 1st Parachute Division in World War 2. Closeups of British soldier operating 155mm gun. British officers planning the barrage. Battery of guns firing. View of shells striking Ortona, along the coastline. Heavy guns firing from under camouflage netting. Smoke rising from artillery strikes. Scene shifts to Allied occupied airfield in Foggia, on the coast, South of Ortona, where P-40 aircraft of the 99th Fighter Squadron are preparing to fly in support of the Ortona offensive. (This U.S Army Air Forces unit is comprised entirely of African American pilots and support personnel.) Closeups of airmen fueling and arming the aircraft, and of pilots gathered in a mission briefing. 99th Squadron aircraft taking off and departing overhead in formations. View from the British artillery position of numerous bombs bursting on Ortona. Film shifts to the Central Front in Italy where U.S. forces are engaged in the Battle of San Pietro. Views of American artillery bombarding German positions in San Pietro. Closeups of numerous U.S. guns being fired. An ejected shell flies through the air from a U.S. Sherman tank during the bombardment. Views of U.S. troops passing a Sherman tank as they enter San Pietro and begin searching for booby traps in the wreckage of the town. Closeup of a soldier dismantling a booby trap. German aircraft sweep overhead and bomb the town. American soldiers dig out a buddy who was buried by a bomb burst, but rescued unhurt. He smiles for the camera. Casualties of the fighting, including many civilians are carried on stretchers and assisted. Local residents are seen grieving over fallen relatives and friends. Groups of townspeople stand along a hillside and watch as Italian soldiers join with the Allies in the fighting. Jeeps are seen navigating the muddy mountain trails as far as possible. Then further movement requires the use of mules. Troops are seen with mule trains. Soldiers shoulder heavy ammunition crates and slog uphill with them over a muddy mountain trail.
Damages to Foggia city in Italy. Demolished buildings in city. Pedestrians along streets. Several demolished buildings. U.S. personnel at 12th Army Air Force Headquarters building in Foggia. More wrecked buildings and rubble.
July 10, 1943, U.S. invades Sicily in Italy. Fleet of warships underway. Navy bombardment of Sicily. Coast Guardsman observes through binoculars. Coast Guardsmen carry troops and supplies in LCVPs (Higgins Boats). LST-356 approaching Blue Beach 2, in the "Cent" area on July 10, 1943, loaded with tanks and other vehicles. A beach master signals with semaphore flags. Troops landing from assault boats. Concentrated enemy air attacks destroy U.S. boats and ships. Enemy aircraft in flight. U.S. troops firing. A map shows Italy. September 9, 1943, amphibious assault on Anzio, Italy. Naval bombardment, followed by troop assault on the beaches.