Convoys of the 7th Fleet of United States Navy supply shipments to blockaded Quemoy in Formosa Strait. U.S. carriers in the sea and fighter planes aboard. Fighter planes take off from the strip of one of the carrier. Carriers stop near the shore and supply liners cruise towards the shore of Quemoy. Commanders aboard a ship make plans and bombardiers on alert near an artillery gun on a ship.
Supply convoy reaches Quemoy in China despite the communist Chinese blockade, during Cold War. Ships carry the supplies at sea. Men on landing craft at the sea. Men on deck. President Chiang Kai Shek arrives at a press conference in Formosa. He opposes reduction of garrisons on the off-shore islands. Mainland China rebuffs United States peace bids with an enormous Chinese propaganda demonstration in Peiping (Beijing) on the grounds of the old Imperial Palace. Communist Chinese demonstrate with boards, placards and flags in hand. A huge crowd gathers at the palace grounds and decries what it calls American aggression in the Taiwan strait. President Zhou Enlai addresses the massive crowd.
American troops aboard ships of Seventh Fleet underway in China Sea. Fleet stand guard in the straits between Formosa and Red China. Planes take off from the carrier Essex for daily patrols and practice. Aircraft in flight over water. Planes make landings on carrier's deck.
The fourth presidential election debate between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon on 21st October 1960 in in New York, United States. News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks prior to the fourth Kennedy-Nixon presidential debate. Mr. Howe reads out the rules and conditions under which the candidates will proceed. He says that Senator Kennedy will make the second opening statement and the first closing statement. Vice President Nixon speaks about the present issue in the United States which is keeping peace without surrender. The peace which is threatened by international communist movements. Nixon says that the United States has to learn from mistakes made in past. He relates to this by mentioning the period of the Iron Curtain in Europe and during the Korean War. Nixon says that situation in President Dwight Eisenhower's administration is reversed. He says that the United States made errors in the past in misjudging the Communists, applying same rules of conduct that are applied to the leaders of the free world. Nixon mentions East-West Paris summit conference of 1960 and Eisenhower's policy regarding Formosa Straits. Nixon speaks that that United States should increase its military strength to high level regardless of what potential opponents have and if any surprise attack is launched, the United States can destroy their war-making capacity. Nixon further says that American policies of military strength, economic strength, and diplomatic firmness will keep the peace without surrender.
The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC news correspondent Quincy Howe speaks prior to the fourth Kennedy-Nixon presidential debate. Senator Kennedy says he agrees with the policy of Eisenhower's administration on Formosa Straits. He speaks about Communist influence of Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro on Latin Americans which is becoming a threat for the United States. Kennedy also mentions Communist Russians broadcasting ten times as many programs in Spanish to Latin America as the United States does. He talks about technical assistance given to Africa by the United States. He speaks about future of increasing communist influence in world. Kennedy mentions Liberia and the Union of South Africa who voted with America on the question of admission of Red China in the United Nations. Senator Kennedy speaks about Communist influence increasing in the world and relates to it by saying that there are six counties in Africa that are members of the United Nations and there is not a single American diplomatic representative in any of these six. He further speaks about military progress of Communist nations.
The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows NBC correspondent John Chancellor to pose a question to Richard Nixon a . Correspondent Chancellor asks a question about Quemoy and Matsu issue. Vice President Nixon points out inconsistency of Senator Kennedy. He further explains it by saying that Senator Kennedy signed a resolution in 1955 which gave the president the power to use United States forces to defend Formosa and offshore islands. But he also voted for an amendment which was lost, an amendment which would have drawn a line and left out those islands. Vice President Nixon supports President Eisenhower's position. Correspondent Howe asks Senator Kennedy to comment on the topic. He speaks about President Eisenhower sending a mission to persuade Chiang Kai-shek in the spring of fifty-five to withdraw from Quemoy and Matsu because they were exposed. The President was unsuccessful. He refers to the fact that in 1958, as a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was very familiar with the position that the United States took in negotiating with Chinese Communists on these two islands. He further that the U.S. was unable to persuade China's Chiang Kai-Shek to withdraw and thus it was decided by the U.S. to defend the islands.