German Chancellor Adolf Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland and denounces the Locarno Pact in 1936. The signing of the Locarno Treaties in London, England in 1925. Officials arrive at the building where the Locarno Treaties are to be signed. Chancellor Hans Luther of Germany affixes his signature to the Locarno Treaty assuring peace to all the principal countries of Europe. At the head of the table in the center are Stanley Baldwin and Sir Austin Chamberlain, leaders of the British Delegation. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles on 7th March 1936 by sending German military forces into the Rhineland, a demilitarized zone along the Rhine River in western Germany. German troops march over the Hohenzollern bridge in Cologne, Germany. The troops march along a road. Cologne Cathedral in the background. A German crowd cheers as the troops parade. Swastika banners hang from buildings. German troops parading in Dusseldorf. The troops on horseback and horse-carriages pass along narrow streets of Dusseldorf. Parading troops are cheered by a crowd in Frankfurt am Main. German troops parade in front of a building during a wreath laying ceremony followed by Chancellor Hitler and other Nazi officials. Newspaper headlines about Hitler denouncing the Locarno Pact. A government minister with press. French Prime Minister Albert Sarraut at a microphone reassures the security of France. Belgium soldiers march along a street.
Heinkel HE-57 amphibian monoplane in flight. Point of view shot from camera behind pilot as plane performs aerial spinning dive. Changing view of ground from cockpit of aircraft. Pilots with parachutes land on field. A model aircraft in flight. At timecode 1:00: Paul von Hindenburg and other German dignitaries present at the December 1925 re-interment of Manfred von Richthofen in Invalid's Cemetery (Invalidenfriedhof Cemetery) in Berlin, Germany. (He was originally buried in France following his 1918 death). At 1:04: Scene from before his death: Manfred Von Richthofen (The Red Baron) smiling and conversing with other German pilots. Clip ends with brief view of Fokker Dr.I Triplane like that flown by Manfred von Richthofen.
Slate indicates that 200 million gallons of gasoline are used annually in the United States for power (in 1925). View of a busy city street, possibly New York City, circa 1925 with motor vehicle traffic, pedestrians and many tall buildings. Many early automobiles seen. A worker tests flash point of kerosene. Lighted candle in stuck block of paraffin (wax) showing wax or parrafin as a byproduct of petroleum. Slate indicates that petroleum provides motor fuel, common light, a lubricant for machinery and other important by-products.
Lieutenant Al Williams flying a Curtiss R3C1 racer aircraft for the 1925 Pulitzer Race at Mitchel Field in New York, United States. View of the navy R3C1. Lieutenant Al Williams and a civilian look at a map laid out on a wingtip of the aircraft. Lieutenant Cy Bettis and Lieutenant Williams standing behind the navy R3C1 aircraft. Lieutenant Williams removes his uniform coat and cap, then Lieutenant Bettis helps him put on a parachute and he climbs into the cockpit of the aircraft. Lieutenant Williams seated in the cockpit of the navy R3C1. He smiles at a camera and puts on goggles. A civilian comes up to side of the cockpit and the two men confer over a small notebook. The navy R3C1 with its engine running on a grass field. Several Curtiss mechanics push the tail of the aircraft around. An army officer, a civilian and an army enlisted man are standing nearby and are watching. The navy R3C1 taxis in front of a small hangar. The army R3C1 takes off. Two aircraft flying over Mitchel Field during the course of the 1925 Pulitzer Race. The navy R3C1 lands. Lt. Williams wearing a flight jacket and a navy service cap.
In October 1925, crowd gathered to watch the Pulitzer Trophy air races at Mitchel Field, Long Island, New York. VIPs arrive in various automobiles. Army Air Service Curtiss R3C-1 airplane is pushed onto the field. Air Service Chief, General Patrick , speaks with Lieutenant Cyrus Bettis as Lieutenant James Doolittle listens. A Navy crew works on their entry in the race, similar to the Army Air Service airplane. Navy Lieutenant Al Williams seen with a pipe upside down in his mouth. Lieutenant Bettis taxis out for takeoff in his airplane number 43. Then Navy Lt. Williams proceeds to take off in his aircraft, number 40. Lt. Bettis breaks ground and begins to fly the closed course, coming very close to the ground at times. He lands and climbs out of the cockpit, surrounded by spectators and officials who are convinced he has won, registering a speed of 249 miles per hour. Navy Lt. Williams lands shortly thereafter having averaged 242 miles per hour. He is greeted by several spectators, including a young woman.
Two weeks later, the U.S. Army was represented by Lieutenant Jimmy Doolittle, who flew the Curtis R3C-1, again, but this time fitted with floats, at the Schneider Cup Seaplane Race in Baltimore, Maryland. He shakes hands with a young woman, just before the race. The Navy also entered with a similar seaplane, shown being pushed into the water. The British entry, a Glouster-Mapier IIIA is seen (replacing the Supermarine-Napier S.4, that was damaged). The Italian Macci M.33 is seen on a dock with engine running. The float planes taxi out over the Chesapeake bay waters to takeoff position. Doolittle is the first to take off and to return, logging an average speed of 232 miles per hour. He is seen smiling after the race.
Sequence 1; The launching of the USS V-1 (later Barracuda SS-163) on July 17, 1924 from the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine. Sequence 2; Two surrendered German U-Boats, most likely the U-117 (L) and the UB-148 (R) circa 1918/19. Sequence 3; The USS S-19 circa 1925 either looking to moor or pulling away to sea. Sequence 4; U.S. "L" class submarines ay Bantry Bay, Queenstown, Ireland circa 1918 World War 1, American submarines had to place an "A" before there name to avoid confusion with the British "L" class submarines. L to R are L-11 (bow), L-1, L-10, L-4 and L-9.