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France 1934 stock footage and images

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A newly devised non-skid tire in France

A newly devised non-skid tire is shown in France, 1934. The tire is shown up close and a machine is seen cutting grooves in the tire to aid with traction in all weather conditions. The non-skid tires tested on wet streets. Traffic on the streets. A woman is seen pushing a baby pram in front of a moving vehicle on rainy, wet streets. The car with older tires skids in the rain and hits the woman and baby carriage. Narrator indicates that it was a fatal accident.

Date: 1934
Duration: 35 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Rocket motor designs by International scientists and inventors, reflecting early work by German rocket researchers

Designs by various international scientists and inventors who have contributed to solving the problems of rocket motor development, based on the German preparatory work. Their combustion chamber designs owe much to the German pioneers in the field. Shown are design sketches by Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (Ziolkowsky) in 1914; French inventor Henri Melot, in 1920; German Friedrich Zander, in 1931; Bull, 1932; The American Rocket Society, with several designs from 1932; and The Cleveland Rocket Society. Views of rocket combustion research mactivity by Ernst Loebell of the Cleveland Rocket Society in 1933. He is seen outdoors in the snow with his apparatus. View of Loebell's test firing stand, and a picture of an actual test firing, outdoors. Ernst Loebell with model and rocket motor from his spaceship projects of 1934 and at the International Exposition dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life held in Paris, 1937. Cutaway views of the spaceship. The rocket motor wrapped in cooling coils. Rocket motor design by John Shesta of the American Rocket Society, from 1934. Design by Rene Armengaud of France, in 1934 and Deich in 1935

Date: 1935
Duration: 3 min 39 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Growth of the German Nazi party and military might (German remilitarization) during the 1930s leading up to World War II

Nazi rally in Nuremberg, Germany ca.1934. Massed Storm troopers and spectators salute Hitler.An artillery piece is fired. Hitler personally recognizing loyal Storm troopers. Animated map of Asia, showing Japanese occupation of Manchuria, and Italian occupation of Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines describe Britain and France hesitating to support League of Nations oil sanctions against Italy; and U.S. increasing its oil exports to Italy by 600% (ca. 1935). Hitler and Hermann Goering looking pleased in Hitler's private railroad car. Adolf Hitler at a planning table covered with maps. German citizens traveling abroad and Joachim von Ribbentrop visiting London, as ambassador to Great Britain, in 1936. View of Léon Degrelle and his Catholic-fascist, Rexist party in Belgium (ca. 1936). View of Colonel Francois de la Rocque speaking at a Cross of Fire (Croix-de-Feu) party night rally in France.Konrad Henlein,leader of the Sudeten German Party in Czechoslovakia. Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian National Socialist official, seen in an automobile during a parade. Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, addressing followers and defending Hitler. Street scenes of public disorder attributed to Nazi sympathizers in France and Belgium. Mass meeting of the German American Bund in Madison Square Garden, New York City,1939. U.S. flags and picture of George Washington decorate stage. Fritz Julius Kuhn addresses the gathering and members rough up a protester. Views of heavy industry in Germany, especially steel manufacturing for remilitarization. Persons working at a German concentration camp. Dramatized execution by machine gun. View of Heinrich Himmler. German President Paul von Hindenburg. German national conscription of 1935. German youth training pilots with gliders. German paratroopers, Junkers 52 aircraft, soldiers goosestep, tanks. Ju 87 Stuka plane. German invasion of Rhineland, 1936. Construction of Siegfried Line. Antitank barriers, bunkers, dragons teeth. Hitler visiting Westwall. German military parade.

Date: 1939
Duration: 8 min 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Port of Marseille during Spanish Civil War

Opening scene shows the commercial ship, Imerethie II, tied up to a pier at her homeport, Marseille, France, on a misty day. Camera pans along the wharf briefly, where small boats are tied. Large ships are seen moving in the port in the background throughout the film. Scene shifts to another area of the port where a German Zerstörer 1934 class destroyer is seen docked. Crew members are seen moving about on deck. Next, two armed Spanish civil war combatants, in utility coats and stocking caps are seen in closeup, stepping up to a dock and taking up positions as walking sentries. Two more Spanish combatants are also seen, one, possibly a flier, wearing a Nationalist officer's side cap.

Date: 1937
Duration: 1 min 6 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Eddie Rickenbacker, President of Eastern Airlines, hosts Cyrus R. Smith, President of American Airlines, after both airlines acquire DC-3 airplanes

Glimpse of U.S. Army gun crew operating a 3-inch M3 Anti Aircraft gun. Glimpse of 1st Lt Joseph H. Eastman and Captain Eddie Rickenbacker standing beside Rickenbacker's SPAD S.XIII #1 parked in front of a hangar at Foucaucourt Aerodrome, France, 1918. Sequence shifts to 1936, and office of Rickenbacker, now President of Eastern Airlines. A poster on the wall contains memorabilia from the 94th Aero Squadron, with which Rickenbacker flew in World War I. Camera pans over photographes bordering the poster. Next, Rickenbacker is seen conversing with his guest, Cyrus R. Smith, President of American Airlines, as they look at a picture of Rickenbacker and his Spad airplane, signed by numerous pilots who also served with the 94th Aero Squadron. A mounted model of a Douglas DC-3 airplane sits atop a table in the foreground. Rickenbacker and C.R. Smith, both hold onto the DC-3 airplane model as they shake hands. Closeup of the DC-3 model as Rickenbacker rotates it before the camera. (Note: Both Smith and Rickenbacker, presidents of their respective airlines, had mutual admiration for the Douglas DC-3 airliner. In 1934,Smith arranged to purchase 20 new DC-3 airplanes from the Douglas Aircraft Company. American's first DC-3 "Flagship Illinois," had its maiden flight on June 25, 1936. Eastern Airlines took delivery of its first DC-3 in December 1936.)

Date: 1936
Duration: 51 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Nazi Party ceremonial grandeur is contrasted to the horrors perpetrated under the 3rd Reich

6th Nazi Party Congress at Nuremberg, in 1934, featuring a "Totenehrung" ceremony, honouring dead. Nazi SA ( Sturmabteilung) and SS (Schutzstaffel) troops in precise formations fill the Zeppelin Field Luitpold Arena , leaving only a wide pathway to the Ehrenhalle war memorial. View from behind honor guard standing at the Ahrenhalle, as Adolf Hitler, flanked by SS leader, Heinrich Himmler (in Black) and Viktor Lutze, head of the Sturmabteilung (SA), approach. Three huge banners with swastikas are seen in the far background. Scene shifts to 1945. American troops are now assenbled at the main grandstand (Ehrentribüne) of Zeppelin Field. The American flag covers the wreathed swatstika sculpture at the top of the Grandstand. View of German soldiers, who have been mustered out, mingling with civilians in a town. Some speak with an American soldier, who is part of the U.S. occupying force. Scene shifts to the Yalta conference in February, 1945. Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin are seen seated while their most senior military staff members stand in the background. Allied leaders sit around a large conference table. U.S. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, sits near Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Scene shifts back to Nazi era. Joseph Goebbels, Reichminister of Propaganda is haranguing a crowd. In contrast, German soldiers are seen conversing with occupying American soldiers. This is contrasted with more scenes of Nazi leaders giving empassioned speeches to a hall filled with Nazi faithful. German soldiers, prisoners of war are seen directed by U.S. military police, behind a barbed wiire enclosure. Large numbersof German prisoners of war in an open holding area. Closeups of some. Bucolic scenes of farmers working in fiields and herds of sheep and cattle. Hitler haranguing an audience of rapt listeners. German civilians standing quietly in a group. (Narrator refers them being the people of Beethoven, Goethe, and Martin Luther, as statues of those iconic Gernmans are shown.) In dramatic contrast, numerous dead bodies of victims are being shown to German citizens by American troops, at Nordhausen, Buchenwald, and Belsen concentration camps. This is contrasted against views of German people folk dancing in traditional costumes, German contributions to science (view of Albert Einstein speaking) and industry (view of professional glass blowers at work). Glaring contrast shows German civilians moving the body of a concentration camp victim; several civilians beubg shot dead by a firning squad (unseen); Rudolf Himmler; and an image Germany being destroyed, as result of the Nazis. American sooldiers are loosely assenbled in an open field. by the Elbe River at Torgau, Germany on 26 April 1945. American and Russian officers greet each other at the site, where their armies have met in World War 2. American ans Russian soldiers mingle and greet one another. Views of Allied forces entiering Germany. Another scene of victims' bodies stacked at a concentration camp. French soldiers examine stake where prisoners were tied and executed in the Gestapo headquarters on Paris France. Other views of the Gestapo prison, where victims were buried. Examples of torture devices used to coerce information from prisoners. More views of stacked bodies of victims. Germans carrying bodies from a condentration camp. General Dwitht D. Eisenhower and General George Patton visiting the Ohrdruf Concentration Camp. Burned remains of victims. Closeup of General Patton. German officials and citizens confronting horror as they are compelled to walk through the camp. A huge wagon loaded with bodies of the dead. Gernan women appalled and repelled by the sights. Countless numbers of dead victims covering a large courtyard. German citizens compelled to carry body of a victim from the yard. Others carrying bodies of victims. Large numbers of Gernan citizens , seemingly shamed and remorseful at the revelations. A group of Gernnan men carrying shovels and others carrying crosses to commence burying the victims appropriately. Men carrying victims bodies in open wooden caskets along a road llined with spectators. Coffins of victims laid out in a cemetery. (Narrator alludes to them never forgetting.) German men gently place covered coffins in a long mass grave. .

Date: 1945
Duration: 6 min 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
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