The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. News correspondent John Edwards ask Vice President Nixon about the conditions to be met before meeting Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev at Vienna Summit of 1961. Nixon replies that an agenda should be prepared which should delineate those issues on which there is a possibility of some agreement or negotiation. He says that U.S. President should not go to the conference unless they have such an agenda, unless they have some reasonable assurance from Khrushchev that he intends seriously to negotiate on those points. News correspondent Quincy Howe asks Senator Kennedy to comment on the topic. Senator Kennedy says that the U.S. should not go to the summit until there is some reason to believe that a meeting of minds can be obtained on either Berlin, outer space or general disarmament including nuclear testing. He mentions the failure of the conference on May 15th 1960 in Paris, France. He further says it is important that they maintain their determination, that they indicate that they're building their strength, that they are determined to protect their position and that they are determined to protect their commitment.
Closeup of a freighter steaming past the Statue of Liberty in New York harbor. Sailors riding on a commercial bus near the entrance to the U.S. Naval Base, Norfolk, Virginia. Traffic at the road intersection.Sign identifying the base. Views of ships docked at the base. Flags flying outside the Headquarters of NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (SACLANT). View of the great map room inside the headquarters. Officers from various NATO countries seated for a briefing conducted by A U.S. Navy Captain circa 1954. The most senior officers, including the first SACLANT, Admiral Lynde D. McCormick, step close to the map, where he speaks to the briefing officer. Closeup of the briefing officer moving images of aircraft over the map in the vicinity of the Portuguese Azore Islands. Closeup of straits of Gibraltar and then of Brest and Cherbourg on the coast of France; the Western approaches to the British Isles; the Norwegian coast; Iceland; Northern Labrador; the whole seaboard of Canada and the United States. View of waters of the Atlantic Ocean. Glimpse back to Admiral McCormick at the briefing map and then to a partially submerged submarine moving in water of the Atlantic. Narrator mentions subs of the 1960s. U.S. nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine launches a polaris missile. Final view of briefing map.erge.
The Four Power Paris Summit in Paris, France after the 1960 U-2 incident. Wreckage of a United States Air Force Lockheed U-2 spy airplane in Moscow, Soviet Union. A diagram of a U-2 aircraft. People look at photographs on a wall. A photograph of a man. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev at the exhibit with Soviet dignitaries. Mr. Khrushchev gives statements to journalists. A Russian aircraft carrying Mr. Khrushchev and Soviet dignitaries taxis in Paris. A United States Air Force aircraft carrying U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and U.S. dignitaries lands. President Eisenhower addresses people at the airport. A motorcade rolls through the streets. French soldiers at attention in review. Cars drive past them. Exterior of a building.
The Four Power Paris Summit in Paris, France after the 1960 U-2 incident. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev with dignitaries. U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower shakes hands with Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan and French President Charles de Gaulle Mr. Khrushchev addresses a farewell press conference. He is accompanied by Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko and Soviet Marshal Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky.
Montage of Americana spanning parts of the 1950s and 1960s. Science and technology in the United States. Scientists work in laboratories and conduct various experiments. Scientists look into microscopes and treat patients with scientific medical equipment. People relax at a beach and amusement park. People watch a baseball game. Spectators from behind the fences watch bucking horses in a rodeo. Playing golf. Ten pin bowling. Motorboats race in water. Water skiing. View at a football game, horse race, basketball game, and Joe Louis boxing. Ice skating with sails. Swimming pool and high dive. 1940s fashion scenes: Juke box; Pegged pants; bobby sox;saddle shoes and dancing to an orchestra. People Square dancing, fishing, throwing horse shoes, playing shuffle board and lunching in backyard. Americans enjoying parks with lakes, swimmers, boaters and lots of park benches, where they sit and relax. Contrasting scenes of poverty in America: poor tenement and slum housing; bread line food relief for the poor; criminals being apprehended by police in paddy wagons; African American and some white American people demonstrate by the reflecting pool near Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, DC, during the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Demonstrators holding signs protesting racism, low wages, and poor housing; and advocating civil rights. Travel by Americans: People boarding an Air France airplane, airport scenes and people boarding a Pan Am (Pan American) passenger jet airplane. Ground level shot between art deco sleek passenger railroad trains in motion. People unload luggage from parked passenger bus. Aerial views of American highways with traffic and lots of mostly 1950s era cars and trucks. View of RV trailer park or camping area. Scene from moving car of undeveloped land and then of city at night with many neon signs for hotels, motels, food, and businesses. Vintage American suburban scenes of families tending their neighborhood yards,cutting their lawns, and raking leaves.
During 1961 in build up to Berlin Crisis: Barbed wire on border seen from West Berlin side (initial Berlin Wall). Russian soldier uses binoculars to watch an approaching jeep. Jeep stops because of barrier. Sign shows 'Achtung 500m Schutzstreifen'. Men carry a box through woods fleeing or escaping into West Germany before the border was fully closed. A man with his bicycle passing over a narrow path into West Germany, as another man passes over on foot. People in a canoe approaching a west German bank of the river or lake as they flee from east Germany. A street bus approaches and parks near an intersection with street sign for "Marienfelder Allee." Men, women, and children refugees with their suitcases on a street as they gather near a refugee processing center, before heading into West Germany. A bulldog tied. A mother feeds her baby. Young refugees on streets, refugees board bus. A map show allocation of German parts to France, United States, England and Soviet Union. Traffic on road in Berlin, with view of the bombed (from World War 2) Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church or the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche, in the background. Many German civilian pedestrians walking on streets in busy West Berlin. 1950's and 1960's cars and trucks on busy Berlin streets. People in outdoor cafe restaurant. Telefunken building is seen.