Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Events of Nazi crimes are related during the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany. Chief prosecutor from the United States, Robert Houghwout Jackson, makes the opening statement of the prosecution. He presents Count 1 of the indictment a conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against peace and humanity. Defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goring, Rudolf Hess (or Heß), Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. View of the Adolf Hitler's autobiography, "Mein Kampf". Nazi flag flutters in Munich, Germany. Scenes of panic, riots, and political and economic unrest in the streets of post World War I Munich, Germany, during the 1920's and 1930's as Adolf Hitler and his associates rose to power. Large crowd gathered on the streets on the eve of Nazi party rally. A younger Adolf Hitler and aides pose at the stairs of a building. Adolf Hitler reviews his Brownshirt Sturmabteilung SA troops and addresses the party. Joseph Goebbels shown in an office seated at a desk and talking on phone, and then speaking at an early Nazi rally. View of headlines of German Newspapers. Scenes of street riots and efforts by the Nazis aimed to gain the highest degree of control over the Germans by any means. Burning of books by Nazi leaders in a large bonfire. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin.
View of Ellis Loring Dresel, United States commissioner to Germany and chargé d'affaires for the United States in Germany, seen standing beside a building in Berlin. Men gather for the signing of the United States peace treaty with Germany in Berlin, almost three years after the World War I armistice was signed. Mr. Dresel and two other diplomats enter a 1920's car parked on the street, as a small crowd stands by. The Treaty document is shown for the camera, bearing the signature of Ellis Loring Dresel.
A film depicts scenes of the rise of the NSDAP (Nazi Party) in Germany from 1921 to 1933. Early parades of Nazi Party and crowd in Germany. Adolf Hitler arrives at Nazi Party meetings. Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels speaks. Party members gives a salute. Demonstration and riot in Munich in Marienplatz area, between Communist KPD members and NSDAP browshirts, and police, known as the Beer Hall Putsch or Munich Putsch in November 1923. Newspaper headlines of Erich Ludendorff and Adolf Hitler jailed. A man writes on a Nazi Party card. Joseph Goebbels at his office. Baldur von Schirach exits a building. Italian members of the Fascist Party arrive by car on visit in Germany.
View of Johannes Winkler's personal laboratory workshop in 1928. His first apparatus for testing liquid rocket fuels. The first device to be considered a flying testbed for Winkler's liquid rocket. The rocket with test facility. More laboratory apparatus. Test apparatus erected outdoors. Snow on the ground, and houses visible in background. Test equipment with spring force measurement capability. Winkler at his outdoor setup.
America and Europe during post World War 1 period of 1920s Sketches: American workers in factories. The U.S. President Warren Gamaliel Harding converses with a friend. President with other officials signs a paper. President Harding dies and the Nation mourns. Pallbearers carry coffin of the President. Sketches depict the various scandals under the Harding administration, including the Tea Pot Dome scandal. Vice President John Calvin Coolidge becomes President. Several sketches of the President . Sketches of rich people in America. People in a car. Automobiles driven out of a Ford factory. Sketch of the workers building a road. Various labor saving electrical devices. Sketches depict a housewife relaxing and people becoming better off economically. Ordinary people gamble on the stock market. Various pictures of American farmers suffering, as demand for food falls in the wake of World War 1. Economic and financial crises affect Germany. Hyperinflation and riots occur in Germany. The unrest gives rise to future leaders like Adolf Hitler in Germany and Benito Mussolini, in Italy.