German glider pilots with sailplanes compete in the Rhön gliding contest at the Wasserkuppe Hill in Germany. Baron Von Freyberg is seen settling himself at the controls of a Harth-Messerschmitt glider. Next, the glider is launched and those pushing it off duck for cover as it ascends. It flies well but fairly low above the ground. Another scene shows the glider with men holding each wing tip as they run to launch it. But the glider doesn't develop enough speed and lift, to make it off the ground. Views of another glider, the Besenstiel (Broomstick), built by Schoolmaster Ferdinand Schulz, using bed sheets and broomsticks.The camera pans around the glider showing details of its construction. (It was judged too fragile to be allowed in the competition.) Another glider is launched and appears to fly quite successfully. Teams of participants are seen pulling gliders back up the hill after flights.
Rise of fascism in Germany and Italy due to economic and social unrest in the wake of World War 1. Animated map of Japan, Germany and its neighboring countries, and Italy. Views of Italian Fascist "Black Shirts" marching bearing flags, and rendering fascist salutes. Fascists participating in the famous "March on Rome" in October, 1922. Spectators line the sidewalks and side of the road. Brief (jerky) views of unrest in Italy following World War I, due to unemployment and hard times. People getting food at an outdoor soup kitchen. Fascists promising better times are seen parading and riding in jammed open cars. Benito Mussolini, who was elected to Parliament in 1921, is seen in a top hat, arms akimbo, standing with other officials. Glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Back to Mussolini, again, who now makes some remarks to those standing with him and expresses himself with exaggerated body language. Another glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Film transitions to Germany, where Adolf Hitler is seen walking through a dense crowd of supporters. Hitler's clothes resemble a military uniform. Next, scenes illustrating the terrible post-World War 1 hyperinflation suffered by Germany during the Weimar Republic. Various banknotes and currency in ridiculous denominations are shown. People trying to buy groceries during this period. German militaristic marchers. Fascists giving arm salutes as they parade in a city street. General Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (who is also President of Germany) is seen standing in front of Germany's top military leaders. Directly behind him is Marshal August von Mackensen, in a fur busby hat with Totenkopf (death head) insignia. Other Generals wear pickelhaube spiked helmets. Hindenburg's closest associate, General Erich Ludendorff stands just behind and to the left of Hindenburg. Glimpse of German soldiers in more modern uniforms. Next, Hindenburg is seen reviewing troops in the company of their commander. Next, Hitler is seen with a group of German civilian industrialists whose interests he promises to support. Alfred Krupp Jr. sits, with his legs crossed, next to Hitler. Glimpse of Hitler, in uniform, waving from a window. People running as a cadre of mounted police canter in formation down the street.
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Hirosi Saito officially declares that Japan would no longer abide by the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. Hirosi Saito steps from his car and enters the Old Executive Office building in Washington DC. Exterior view of Executive office building. He descends the steps of the building and enters his car.
Rise of Benito Mussolini after World War I and taking Italy to World War II. Benito Mussolini and the Blackshirts parade in Rome when the Fascist Party comes to power after ousting Italian Prime Minister Luigi Facta in October 1922. Civilians of Benito Mussolini's Fascist Party parade in the 'March on Rome' when Mussolini takes over the government. Cheering civilians surround Mussolini as he exits from a building. The Blackshirts parade. Mussolini speaks from a balcony. A large crowd gives the Fascist salute at one of Mussolini's mass meetings. Members of the Fascist Youth parade on the streets. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler deplanes in Venice and meets Italian Prime Minister Mussolini for the first time. Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Gian Galeazzo Ciano and Mussolini and staff review troops. Mussolini shakes hands with Hitler, surrounded by Italian notables. A Royal Box at a ceremony shows Hitler, Mussolini, King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and the Queen of Italy. An Italian tank review near Rome's Colosseum. Italian crack troops goose-step past the Royal Box for Hitler to review. The Munich Conference shows Hitler, Mussolini, Prime Minister of France Eduard Daladier, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain among others. Mussolini signs the Munich Pact. A crowd massed near the Victor Emmanuel Memorial acclaim Mussolini after his return from Munich.
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Hiroshi Saito calls on U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull In December 1934 to inform that Japan will denounce the Washington Naval Treaty on 1922 which limited the size of the Japanese fleet. A close up of the ambassador Saito. He exits the State, War, and Navy Building (later the Executive Office Building) and gets in a car. Next segment: A female pilot Helen Richey becomes the first woman to fly mail in the United States. Richey stands in front of an aircraft and shakes hand with an official. Richey in the cockpit and the aircraft takes off. From a December 14, 1959 newsreel recounting events 25 years earlier.
U.S. destroyers of Squadron 14, depart Norfolk, Virginia for the Mediterranean, in October, 1922.
Map showing the Mediterranean Sea and surrounding countries, from the Straits of Gibralter, and East to Black Sea and Red Sea. Various sea navigation routes are depicted through the water areas. U.S. Navy Clemson class destroyer, taking on supplies in Norfolk, Virginia. Sailors carrying sacks of supplies over their shoulders from a dock onto the ship. Women seen waving at the USS Barry (DD-248) in October 1922, as she departs Hampton Roads, Virginia, for the Mediterranean, to serve with the U. S. Naval Detachment in Turkish Waters. View of USS Kane (DD-235) with sailors lined up on her foredeck. View from stern of a Squadron 14 destroyer, of the USS Hatfield (DD-231) followed by the USS Barry (DD-248). View from bridge of a destroyer, as officer looks through binoculars at five other destroyers of Squadron 14, underway in a line. Sailors on deck of destroyer practice handling of small arms and on of the ship's 5-inch guns. Sailors spin propellors on tail of a torpedo and load it into one of a battery of three launching tubes. Sailors exercise by throwing a medicine ball.View from destroyer of 5 destroyers in line, astern, the first being USS Overton (DD-239). View from a destroyer as the Squadron enters harbor at Gibralter. Sailors climbing upon concrete pier from a long boat. Buildings on steep hills of Gibralter. The USS Hatfield and the USS Gilmer (DD-233) on either side of a supply ship. Views of Destroyer Squadron 14 ships anchored, along with other warships off Constantinople (Istanbul)in the Bosphorus straits. View from a high point in Constantinople. Camera pans over city and warships in the Bosphorus.