Nazi rally in Nuremberg, Germany ca.1934. Massed Storm troopers and spectators salute Hitler.An artillery piece is fired. Hitler personally recognizing loyal Storm troopers. Animated map of Asia, showing Japanese occupation of Manchuria, and Italian occupation of Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines describe Britain and France hesitating to support League of Nations oil sanctions against Italy; and U.S. increasing its oil exports to Italy by 600% (ca. 1935). Hitler and Hermann Goering looking pleased in Hitler's private railroad car. Adolf Hitler at a planning table covered with maps. German citizens traveling abroad and Joachim von Ribbentrop visiting London, as ambassador to Great Britain, in 1936. View of Léon Degrelle and his Catholic-fascist, Rexist party in Belgium (ca. 1936). View of Colonel Francois de la Rocque speaking at a Cross of Fire (Croix-de-Feu) party night rally in France.Konrad Henlein,leader of the Sudeten German Party in Czechoslovakia. Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian National Socialist official, seen in an automobile during a parade. Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, addressing followers and defending Hitler. Street scenes of public disorder attributed to Nazi sympathizers in France and Belgium. Mass meeting of the German American Bund in Madison Square Garden, New York City,1939. U.S. flags and picture of George Washington decorate stage. Fritz Julius Kuhn addresses the gathering and members rough up a protester. Views of heavy industry in Germany, especially steel manufacturing for remilitarization. Persons working at a German concentration camp. Dramatized execution by machine gun. View of Heinrich Himmler. German President Paul von Hindenburg. German national conscription of 1935. German youth training pilots with gliders. German paratroopers, Junkers 52 aircraft, soldiers goosestep, tanks. Ju 87 Stuka plane. German invasion of Rhineland, 1936. Construction of Siegfried Line. Antitank barriers, bunkers, dragons teeth. Hitler visiting Westwall. German military parade.
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland and denounces the Locarno Pact in 1936. The signing of the Locarno Treaties in London, England in 1925. Officials arrive at the building where the Locarno Treaties are to be signed. Chancellor Hans Luther of Germany affixes his signature to the Locarno Treaty assuring peace to all the principal countries of Europe. At the head of the table in the center are Stanley Baldwin and Sir Austin Chamberlain, leaders of the British Delegation. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles on 7th March 1936 by sending German military forces into the Rhineland, a demilitarized zone along the Rhine River in western Germany. German troops march over the Hohenzollern bridge in Cologne, Germany. The troops march along a road. Cologne Cathedral in the background. A German crowd cheers as the troops parade. Swastika banners hang from buildings. German troops parading in Dusseldorf. The troops on horseback and horse-carriages pass along narrow streets of Dusseldorf. Parading troops are cheered by a crowd in Frankfurt am Main. German troops parade in front of a building during a wreath laying ceremony followed by Chancellor Hitler and other Nazi officials. Newspaper headlines about Hitler denouncing the Locarno Pact. A government minister with press. French Prime Minister Albert Sarraut at a microphone reassures the security of France. Belgium soldiers march along a street.
Germany's military resurgence from the end of World War I through its reoccupation of the Rhineland in 1936 and union with Austria in 1938. German war materiel piled up in scrap yards and aircraft engines being destroyed in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles after World War 1. Smoke stacks of war plants being toppled, aircraft hangars being destroyed, and warships being scuttled. German postwar armored cars for training. A soldier flexes the rubber gun barrel on one of them. French forces, including Colonials, occupying Coblenz (Koblenz) in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles, after World War I. French soldiers on guard at the railroad station as a train pulls in. French colonial troops tending to their horses. A British soldier standing guard in front of a building displaying a placard with the Union Jack and word:"General Headquarters, British Army of the Rhine, No.1 Building." French troops stationed in front of their headquarters and patrolling fences across railroad tracks at their occupational boundary. A large film slate announcing that the Rheinland is again free, followed by scenes of German troops re-occupying the Rhineland in 1936. Local citizens cheer the troops, who parade through a city and along the banks of the Rhein River. German sentries posted at The "Deutsche Eck" in Koblenz beside the monument of Kaiser Wilhelm I. Sign demarking boundary of Austria. Border guards opening the gates and German troops entering as crowds cheer. Adolf Hitler speaking before a huge crowd,immediately following the Anschluß (union of Germany with Austria) on 12 March 1938.
Nazi rise to power, rearmament and remilitarization of Germany leading up to World War 2, and actions related the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin. Joseph Goebbels at desk during the Nuremberg Trials. Hans Bernd Gisevius, former official of the Berlin police administration, testifies concerning his investigation of the Reichstag fire. Hans Gisevius relates how Goebbels recruited reliable Nazis to intentionally burn down the Reichstag as a propaganda stunt to help the Nazi movement. Nuremberg War Trial defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Close up of Herman Goring. Footage showing firefighters spraying water on smoking ruins of Reichstag following Reichstag fire in 1933. A German police officer stands guard at the smoking ruins of the Reichstag. View from a high ridge of League of Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, and then inside the League of Nations meeting chamber during the disarmament conference of 1933. View of a Nazi submarine launching in 1934. Steel mill operations and Industrial war materiel operations in Germany in the early 1930's as Germany rearmed and restarted war production. A Nazi party meeting in Germany where General Werner von Blomberg announces compulsory military service. View of legal document describing new military service law. View of conscripted civilian German men with suitcases marching forward report for mandatory military training. Nazi forces in training march goosestep at training camp; Junkers 52 aircraft in background. Soldiers goosestep while walking bicycles in a line. Nazi troops trained. Scenes of remilitarization of Rhineland, violating terms of the Treaty of Versailles, as Nazi troops in 1936 march over the Hohenzollern Bridge crossing the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral rising in the background.
The Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Athletes from many countries competing. Views of exterior of Olympic Stadium in Berlin, and interiors with Olympic flame burning. U.S. captures the men's track and the field title with a total of 203 points to 80 for Finland. A large crowd gathers to watch the events. People cheer and applaud. Men watch through binoculars. Cameramen record the event. Events shown include: Womens Discus, Mens Discus, Marathon, Mens 110 meter hurdle race final (with Forest Towns winning followed by Don Finlay and Fritz Pollard), and a relay race in which Frank Wykoff wins for the United States, breaking the world record of 39.8 seconds. Also shown are Field Hockey, and Diving. Winners shown include the first ever gold medal by a Korean, Sohn Kee-chung, in the marathon. He was running for Japan after Japan's 1910 annexation of Korea. Also British India in Field Hockey is shown playing, University of Michigan diver Richard Degener who won Gold in springboard diving, and Gisela Mauermayer who won the Gold for Germany in women's discus. In Men's Discus, U.S. Gold Medal winner Ken Carpenter from USC is shown, along with Gordon Dunn who won the silver medal in men's discus.
Famous passengers aboard ocean liner SS Manhattan bound for Hamburg Germany. The USS Manhattan underway at sea on July 15, 1936 en route to the 1936 Olympics. Athletes play a shuffleboard game aboard the ship. Jesse Owens, an American track and field athlete, Glenn Cunningham, and other famous persons aboard the ship. The passengers disembark from the ship in Hamburg. They are welcomed by German officials.