Machine power in Canada and Germany. Canadian Industry workers walk into a war plant punching their time cards, as they enter. Men welding. Steel worker checking heat of hot steel with temperature-reading glasses. Workers in Canadian factory prepare machinery for war. 20th April 1939: Adolf Hitler in Berlin, Germany reviews his army in parade on his 50th birthday (Narrator incorrectly states the year as 1938, but Hitler's 50th birthday was in 1939 and these images are from the 1939 parade). Heavy breakthrough tanks roll by, followed by Army division assault tanks. Motorized troops march followed by Infantry and then parachute troops. Stuka Dive bombers fly overhead with Berlin Victory Column (Siegessäule) in the foreground. Hitler and others watch the flight.
This film is a scattering montage of World War 2 scenes from 1939 through 1945. Part of an agreement between Nazi Germany and Yugoslavia is shown in English. It is dated June 1, 1939 and ostensibly signed by Adolf Hitler. Next, German Ju 87, Stuka dive bombers are shown peeling off from formation, on April 6, 1941, to attack Yugoslavia. Bombs bursting on the ground. Closeup of a Stuka airplane in a dive, making its characteristic whine, and dropping bombs. Bombs exploding just outside some concrete walls. German infantry running along railroad tracks and entering backyard of house in a village. German soldiers observing from overlooking hill; climbing over rubble; and marching along a road toward a village. Animated map showing German invasion areas early in World War II, extending through most of Europe and into Norway, by 1941. Animated map shows further invasions into France, Belgium, low countries, the Balkans, and Eastern front towards the Soviet Union. Map highlights Tokyo, Rome, and Berlin. Delegations walking in hall of building in Berlin, to sign Tripartite pact, on September 27, 1940. The group is led by by Count Galeazzo Ciano (Italian Foreign Minister, and Mussolini's son-in-law); Joachim von Ribbentrop, Germany's Foreign Minister and Japan’s Ambassador Saburō Kurusu. The diplomats are seen, next, standing near a table as Adolf Hitler enters rendering Nazi salute. He shakes hands with Count Ciano and Ambassador Kurusu. Hitler is seated to watch the proceedings. Von Ribbontrop is seen signing for Germany. Next scenes show German armored units heading East in Operation Barbarossa (June of 1941). A sign identifies the town of Eydtkau (Eydtkuhnen) on the German-Lithuanian border. German armor and artillery moving eastward. German troops destroying international crossing barriers. German troops firing siege guns. Montage with glimpses of German battle scenes showing tanks, guns, rockets in action with attendant explosions, fires, and destruction. Formations of German warplanes in flight, including Junkers Ju-52s that carry troops, including paratroops. View from above of Junkers Ju-87 Stuka dive bombers in formation. View of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, England (which miraculously survived the Blitz). The Tower Bridge in London, seen through a haze. German Junkers 87 Stuka dive bombers peeling off from formation to attack. British anti-aircraft searchlights shining beams skyward. Diving bombers illuminated by the lights. Anti-aircraft guns firing. Nighttime scenes showing gunfire flashes, explosions, tracer bullets and fires in London. British fire brigades fighting fires in London buildings as some collapse from the German bombing during the so-called "Blitz." Scene shifts to Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, as a Japanese bomb explodes on a U.S. Navy warship. The USS Arizona billowing smoke and listing as it succumbs to Japanese bombing. Another view of the Arizona sinking. Smoke rising from Battleship Row, at Pearl Harbor. Glimpse of postwar Nuremberg trial.
Events leading to start of World War 2. Contingents of German army troops and black uniformed SS (Schutzstaffel) troops parading past Hitler on reviewing stand in German city. Hitler youth at a rally in a stadium. Hitler addressing an open air assembly, shaking his fist, yelling about the might of Germany in an animated fashion. Women holding signs reading: "Down with War and Fascism," and "Aid the Allies." 1939 edition of the New York Times carries headline about Nazi pact with Soviets and of Estonia giving Moscow air and sea bases. Views of Soviet leaders, Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, and General Boris Mikhailovitch Shaposhnikov, preparing to meet with German foreign minister,Joachim von Ribbentrop. Von Ribbentrop descending from his airplane for the meeting. Scenes of German attack against Poland,September 1, 1939. Vehicles carrying German troops on the move. German Stuka, Ju87 dive bombers peeling off in dives and dropping bombs. German He-111 bomber in flight. Many explosions and collapsing buildings and destruction depicted. Soviet T-26 Twin-Turret Cavalry Tank seen moving through snow as it crosses Polish frontier, on September, 17, 1939. Soviet troops charging into Poland in the snow. The two forces meet in central Poland. Newspaper cartoon of the time shows Hitler and Stalin politely addressing each other in deprecating terms. Soviet icebreaker opening the way for German warships. German submarine making way on the surface, ostensibly from a base in Murmansk, and firing at a surface ship with its deck gun. A French fighter plane spinning towards earth and pilot parachuting. Narrator speaks of French Communists sabotaging electrical systems on the aircraft. The plane burning on the ground. German troops marching along the Champs Elysee, with the Arch of Triumph in background. German troops firing artillery at Soviet forces. Wooden buildings burning. German soldier taking a prisoner.
Flashbacks of Nazi activities during World War II presented during Nuremberg Trials. Chief prosecutor from Great Britain, Hartley Shawcross, presents Count No 2, Crimes Against Peace, meaning wars of aggression in violation of international treaties and agreements. Lieutenant Colonel Schumt relates Adolf Hitler's plans to occupy Poland. View of a truck and uniformed Germans marching and agitating in Poland to advocate annexation by Germany (under Albert Forster). On August 23, 1939, Joseph Stalin and Joachim von Ribbentrop sign Russian-German non-aggression pact. Flashback view of convoy of German tanks moving near farm fields toward Poland. View of Pope Pius XII and then Franklin Delano Roosevelt appealling to Germany not to attack Poland or other sovereign nations. Raucous laughter in Reichstag as Hitler addresses German leaders and describes the appeal by Roosevelt. September 1, 1939, scenes of German troops invading Poland as Luftwaffe begins mass bombing raid. Artillery guns fire, troops in jeeps, personnel carriers, and motorcycles stream into Poland. Aerial view of Luftwaffe aircraft in formation approaching Poland and bombing Polish cities. Bombs away view as bombs fall from aircraft to ground and explosions and smoke seen on ground in Poland. City buildings in Poland seen in flames and crumbling to the ground. Line of German Wehrmacht Army forces marching on roadways into invaded territory. German Army seen invading Denmark on April 9, 1940. German sailors aboard fast moving German ship. German army soldiers aiming machine guns. Camera view of German tank as tank gun is lowered directly toward camera. German forces occupy a North Sea dock area of coastal Denmark, German tanks and vehicles drive on streets and sidewalks in Denmark as Danish citizens run and leap out of the way. Danish citizens stand quietly along sides of a road as German Army marches into a city of Denmark.
Past events show German invasions during World War II. German flags in view. German soldiers march. German planes fly in formation during Nazi Party rally at Luitbold Arena in Nuremberg Germany. Adolf Hilter salutes a parade as armored cars and German soldiers pass by. German Luftwaffe aircraft pass overhead in formation during a rally. Comparison shot shows German Wehrmacht army soldiers marching in close ranks, followed by a close up shot of United States Army soldiers marching in close ranks. Both shots shows large numbers of marching soldiers close-up. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler in discussion with Hermann Goering (Göring). They approach a map and then turn their backs. British soldier on lookup watches the sky over London for signs of German bombing raid as parliament buildings and the River Thames are seen in the background. Elevated view of city center, streets, bridges and Russia Orthodox Church in the Soviet Union; possibly Moscow. View of the United States Capitol building in Washington DC. Animated map shows the German positions. Aerial view of devastation from German Luftwaffe bombing of Poland on September 1, 1939. Damaged buildings and houses in Poland due to German bombing in World War II. Polish civilians lined up. Polish people near wrecked horse cart and equipment. Polish citizens carry dead bodies on litters and dig graves for citizens killed in bombing. British people near Big Ben and Parliament buildings on September 3, 1939, the date England declared war against Germany. In London, British children walking toward railroad station near signs that read "To Evacuation Trains", to be evacuated from the London area for safety during the war. Scenes of anguished citizens in England and in France saying goodbye to loved ones including boys and girls being evacuated and husbands leaving for war service. They hug and embrace with emotion. Women wave handkerchiefs at a bus departing with children, then weep. German soldiers march invading Denmark and Norway in April 1940. Sad civilians flee in trucks.
In the tense two weeks before Britain's declaration of war against Germany in World War 2, (occuring on September 3, 1939) the Evening Standard Newspaper of August 21, 1939 reports that the Premier sees the King; the Cabinet is to meet; Members of Parliament assemble to hear Chamberlain speak; and the Pope will broadcast peace pleas. Londoners are seen gathered in the areas around the Houses of Parliament. A woman carries a placard reading "Churchill." (She pushes it in front of the camera.) Rolls Royce limousines carrying cabinet ministers enter gates at Parliament courtyard. Bobbies contain peaceful crowds without difficulty. Occupants of one limousine are dressed in Arabian garb. Newspaper vendor displays headlines of Evening Standard reading: "Britons told to leave Germany."
Cars carrying dignitaries continue into the Parliament courtyard. Several photographers snap photos as the cars pass them. A shot of the Elizabeth Tower at the north end of the Houses of Parliament, with the Great Clock clearly visible. The tower, clock and great bell (Big Ben) are often collectively referred to as"Big Ben." Routine busy commercial traffic moving on the street past Parliament. View from a high vantage point of double-decker buses moving past the Parliament courtyard, where crowd stands by the fence. Another official car enters the courtyard.