U.S. paratroopers of the 82nd Airborne Division are seen silhoutted against sky as they board C-47 transport aircraft in Operation Market Garden mission to Grave and Nijmegen, Holland, in September, 1944, during World War 2. C-47 starts engines. C-47s take off towing gliders. Change of subject to Allied operations crossing the Rhine River into Germany in 1945. U.S. Army troops in a long boat powered by an outboard motor. U.S. troops board U.S. Navy amphibious assault boats on shore of the Rhine (Rhein) River. View from above of assault boats undergoing fire from German defenders during the crossing. U.S. troops moving quickly out of the assault boats on German soil. Scene shifts to airborne operations. View in cockpit of U.S. transport aircraft carrying U.S. paratroopers of the 17th Airborne Division, on joint British-American Operation Varsity, to drop paratroopers on the German side of the Rhine River. A C-46 transport aircraft, in flight, bearing Tail Code "H.". View from cargo compartment as 17th Airborne Division paratroopers exit very efficiently, by jumping from both doors of the C-46. Sky filled with parachutes. Scene shifts to ground operations. U.S. Army troops stand shoulder to shoulder on a section of pontoon bridge, as it is pushed across a river by Army engineers in two small power boats. U.S. tanks and vehicles crossing pontoon bridges. Supreme Allied Commander, Five-star General Dwight D. Eisenhower, stands with Lieutenant General William Hood Simpson, commander of the U.S. Ninth Army, as they observe Allied operations. American soldiers taking German prisoners of war. German POWs being escorted under guard and large numbers of them in an open field under U.S. guard.
Allied Control Council meeting in Berlin-Schoneberg, attended by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, of United Kingdom; Marshal Georgy Zhukov, of Soviet Union; General Lucius D. Clay, of the United States, and General Jean se Lattre de Tassigny, of France.
With the surrender of Germany, World War 2 in Europe ends, on VE (Victory in Europe) Day, May 8, 1945. Scene opens with church bells ringing and view of west front of St. Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, in London, England. Crowd is celebrating in the square. around the statue of Queen Anne. Amongst the crowd are men and women in uniform. Here and there Union Jack flags are seen, one held by a little girl hoisted upon a man's shoulder. Camera pans across various parts of the celebrating crowds. View from above, of several couples dancing within a circle of people. Several uniformed U.S. Air Force officers in a jeep celebrate with the crowd. High altitude view of Trafalgar Square in London, England. 'Victory over Germany 1945' banner draped on base of Nelson's Column. Crowd of British citizens celebrating on streets of Whitehall and closeup of the Cenotaph with inscription "The Glorious Dead".
Activities of United States Airmen in Germany very soon after end of World War II in Europe. United States Army Air Forces Lieutenants visiting the war-damaged Zeppelintribüne, at the zeppelinfeld, in Nuremberg, Germany, 1945. They climb the stairs of the Zeppelintribüne grandstand. Later, the American soldiers look at the remains of the Swastika and Eagle that formerly adorned the Zeppelintribüne, and was blown up by the U.S. Army. One tries to pick up a piece of it. Airmen stand and chat. One Lieutenant helps another to lit up a cigarette. They smoke cigarettes, and pose for a photograph on the field.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.