U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street in Czechoslovakia during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift several years later to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Soviet soldiers are seen. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. Soviet Russian red star is toppled by crowds from a building roof in a sign of defiance. Russian troops respond with tanks on the streets in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.
Speaking before United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) in its first meeting in June 1946, Bernard Baruch proposes international control of all atomic energy -- the so-called Baruch Plan. Low level aerial view of ruined post World War 2 European city. Goods including heavy equipment, locomotives, being loaded aboard ships to aid in the postwar recovery of Europe (The Marshall Plan). Workers in Western Europe making use of Marshall Plan materials to rebuild their national infrastructures. West European farmers restoring agriculture. View from overflying light airplane of parts of postwar Berlin in 1948. Blocked roads and empty railroad tracks leading from East Germany to West Germany, blocked by the Soviet Union. Barge traffic at standstill due to Soviet actions. U.S. C-54 transport aircraft flying supplies into West Berlin (The Berlin Airlift) during the Soviet blockade of that city. West Berliners watching U.S. transport aircraft bringing fuel, food and other essentials into the isolated city. A C-54 flying low over empty railroad lines, as it prepares to land in West Berlin. Supplies offloaded from a DC-3 ( AKA C-47 or British Dakota) equipped with unusual set of rear cargo doors. Supplies being moved on Tegel Airport with many C-54 aircraft in the background. Numerous C-47 aircraft operating at Tempelhof airdrome. An East German official opening a barricade as Soviet blockade of West Berlin ends on May 12, 1949, and supply trucks begin to move over roads again. Flags of Western nations flying on high flagpoles. Glimpse of Allied warships underway during World War 2. Formation of P-38 Lightning aircraft in flight overhead. NATO troops marching and NATO armor on parade. Flashes of heavy artillery firing at night. Korean refugees moving South in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. View of UN Security Council meeting in the absence of Soviet representative. U.S. tanks firing guns and American infantrymen in conflict with North Korea in Korean War. American wounded on stretchers.
A civilian narrator is speaking from the Military Airlift Command (MAC) Headquarters Command Post, at Scott Air Force Base,Illinois. He mentions MAC missions supplying war materiel to Israel, in 1973, and the famous Berlin Airlift of 1948. Scene shifts to troops in military exercises, riding across fields in U.S. M113 armored personnel carriers (APCs) and walking with their weapons and gear. An M60 Patton tank moves along a muddy road, past the camera. Troops of the U.S. Army 101st Airborne division stand in formation on a ramp next to a MAC C-141 transport aircraft. They are about to be airlifted to Europe, to participate in War games, in Germany. Some of their armor and trucks seen offloading at a destination airfield. Major John Gray, Jr. of the 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division is interviewed, standing in front of a C-141 aircraft from the MAC 62d Airlift Wing, stationed at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington. UH-1 (Huey) helicopters deploying infantry in a field and moving away as the troops advance during an exercise. M113 APCs moving past the camera. MAC C-141s landing in Germany as they airlift the U.S. troops who participate in these exercises.Several C-141s taxiing on the airfield. A MAC C-5 Galaxy aircraft with its nose hatch open and armored vehicles that it carried, parked in front of it. Closeup of turret on an M60 medium main battle tank. View of the tank being loaded into a C-5 and view inside the aircraft as the tank is maneuvered in its cargo hold.
The divided city of Berlin, Germany soon after World War II. East Germans and Russians putting up barbed wire barricades. Refugees walking and children sleeping on street. The Berlin Airlift in response to the Berlin Blockade by the Soviet Union in 1948. Riots on the streets of East Berlin. People throw stones at a Russian tank. Buildings burning. People working in West Berlin. They shop in stores. Men working in large industrial plants.
Soviet Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Andrey Vyshinsky (aka Andrei Vishinsky), making an impassioned speech, in 1948. Adolf Hitler making one of his bombastic speeches, during World War II. Animated map of Europe, showing countries becoming puppet states under post-World War 2 expansionism by the Soviet Union. It also highlights unrelenting Soviet hold over postwar zones of occupation in Austria and East Germany. The map goes on to illustrate expanding communist reflected in politics of Italy, France, Greece, and Finland.
Scenes from the Berlin Airlift. Views of transportation facilities shut down by the Soviets in June 1948. Glimpse of the city of Berlin, followed by views of empty railroad lines; barges idled in a canal; parked and silent trolley cars. Next, a U.S. Air Force Douglas C-54 Skymaster transport aircraft (military version of DC-4) is seen landing in Templehof aerodrome in Berlin. German children stand on a hill watching and waving at another C-54 on final approach to Templehof. A C-54 flying close to buildings on its final approach to the airport, followed by another landing near a line of trucks filled with goods brought in by the airlift. A military truck unloading supplies from C-54, tail number 42-72548, as another C-54 taxis up close behind it. Several C-54 airlift planes taxiing in a line on the Templehof ramp.