U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Russian soldiers. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary. Russian red star toppled from building roof in defiance. Russian troops respond on tanks in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.
Statue of Karl Marx on his grave stone in Highgate Cemetery, London. A picture of Karl Marx. Scenes in the Soviet Union. Soviet soldiers walking slowly in loose formation. Bolsheviks standing with a large banner. Damaged shops on a street. "One way" street signs in several languages. Large gathering of people carrying signs reading: "Frieden" (Peace, in German). A sign reading: "HALT, Landesgrenze" marking a German provincial boundary. A sign in German, designating the customs border at Furth im Wald, Bavaria ("Zollgrenz-Bezirk, Furth i.Wald"). East German border guards setting obstacles and sentry paths. Picture of Günter Litfin, a twenty-four-year-old tailor, who swam across the Spree Canal to West Germany on 24 August 1961. View of him being fatally shot from across the border, by East German guards, as he is being pulled into West Germany (the first such fatality at the East West German border). Animated map of the world with label references to Berlin,1961; Havana, 1959; Budapest, 1956; Coyoacan, 1940; and Kronstadt, 1921.
A U.S. Army VH-3A helicopter lands on the lawn of the Hotel General von Steuben, in Wiesbaden, Germany. A crowd of spectators stands across the drive from the hotel lawn, constrained by German policemen. U.S. Air Force Military policemen stand guard on the nearer side of the drive. Soon the Presidential VH-3 helicopter, Marine One, lands on the lawn. It displays the Presidential seal and that of the Military District of Washington, DC. Next, President John F. Kennedy is seen walking past the Army helicopter and into the U.S. Military's Hotel General von Steuben. He is accompanied by German Chancellor, Ludwig Erhard, U.S. Secretary of State, Dean Rusk and U.S. Army Aide, Brigadier General Chester V. Clifton, along with a phalanx of Secret Service Agents. Other officials look out from a dining room window of the hotel as the Presidential party arrives. (Note: In the 1950s, the U.S. built three large military hotels in Wiesbaden. In 1951,a star-shaped Hotel [the American Arms] was built on Frankfurter Strasse. In 1955, the 9-story Amelia Earhart Hotel was opened. It was a utilitarian structure, with row after row of windows. President Nixon once stayed there. It closed in 1995. The General von Steuben Hotel, depicted in this film, was the newest, built in 1956, on Auguste Viktoria Strasse, near the train station. It is now a commercial hotel, "the Dorint Hotel Pallas Wiesbaden." )
U.S. airborne troops training in hand-to-hand combat; scaling obstacles; crawling under barbed wire; and parachuting from C-130 aircraft. Paratoopers jump from aircraft and view of sky filled with parachutes and aircraft. Paratroopers landing on the frozen tundra in Alaska, and jumping from U.S. Air Force C-124 Globemaster aircraft, over the ice cap in Greenland. In February, 1956, U.S. Army paratroopers jump from Air Force C-119 aircraft during SEATO Operation "Firm Link," in Thailand. Civilians in Thailand watch the demonstrations, in which one of the paratroopers is forced to use his auxiliary chute when his main chute fails. Military General officers of Southeast Treaty Organization nations watch the demonstrations. U.S. Army airborne units practicing assault resupply techniques with NATO forces in Germany, supported by helicopters and light utility airplanes. Supplies being airdropped with parachutes to the resupply location. At Fort Bliss, Texas, a radio controlled drone plane equipped with a parachute (possibly a Radioplane OQ-14 or similar from slightly later generation), acts as a target for tank crews. When hit, the drone parachutes to earth. A different U.S. Army reconnaissance drone is launched from a catapult as a U.S. Army soldier stands nearby controlling its ascent with remote control joystick. Aerial footage shot by the drone is shown, revealing scenes on the ground useful to field commanders. The drone, with it's camera, returns to base and gently parachutes to be recovered.
The 1956 National Convention of the Democratic Party in Chicago, Illinois. Former President Harry S. Truman and his wife Bess, taking seats at the convention.Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, widow of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, taking her seat. Democratic Party National Chairman, Paul M. Butler standing behind and below the podium as convention prepares to get underway. Amphitheater is filled with seated delegates, as they are called to order. Delegates standing and applauding, following the keynote speech of Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee,who touches the Tennessee delegate identification pole as it is thrust toward him.. Delegates waving poles displaying their respective State Names.
A revolution against the Stalinist government in 1956 in Hungary. Aerial view of Budapest in 1956. Communist leader Mátyás Rákosi addressing a crowd in a public square. Rakosi not yet challenged by uprising. Hungarian Revolution demonstrators on roads and at government buildings in Budapest. Students and writers assembled in October 1956 in solidarity with the recently successful anti-Stalinist uprising in Poland. The police fire at revolutionaries. Fighting in streets as secret police combat revolutionaries.