Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
French colonials, carrying French tricolor flags, and Vietnamese civilians, carrying North Vietnamese flags, mingle with French and Vietnamese military and officials, outside airport. men carry a huge banner. The banner reads 'Viet Nam Lao Dong Lien Doan', meaning: Vietnam Labor Union. A group of young Vietnamese women, carry flags and chant. Small Vietnamese children wave flags. A DC-3 aircraft, with North Vietnam flags in the windows, taxis to a stop. North Vietnamese leader, Ho Chi Minh, emerges, followed by Jean Sainteny, delegate from the High Commissioner of France. Ho Chi Minh is immediately surrounded by high ranking French officers and officials and press and photographers. A little Vietnamese girl presents him flowers. Ho Chi Minh makes a public statement into two microphones covered by hankerchiefs (to muffle wind?).
Japanese forces occupy part of Vichy French Indochina during 2nd Sino Japanese war. Animated map shows Leizhou (luichow) Peninsula and Hainan Island of China opposite the North Central coast of North Vietnam, centered at Haiphong harbor. Lines appear showing the path of Japanese troops occupying North Vietnam from Haiphong, in two sweeps to Northeast and Northwest and circling towards Hanoi. Mountainous terrain of the region is shown. Camera pans down a sheer cliffside in the mountains. Narrow roads are shown carved in the mountains and hills. A Japanese sentry stands at a sandbagged outpost, displaying the Japanese flag. A solitary building sits atop a hilltop in the background. A concrete marker indicates distance of 171 km to Hanoi. Several Japanese engineers make their way to the top of a mountain, accompanied by soldiers. An abandoned French heavy gun is seen in a concrete emplacement. View of Japanese soldiers looking out from the hilltop. A sign along a mountain road reading "Keep to the right," in French, English, and Japanese. Soldiers gather around a large tree fallen across the mountain road. They pose for the camera next to the tree. Japanese officers walking through an archway, from a large building in background. Closeup of barrel containing portland cement, followed by view of many such barrels being examined by Japanese engineer.
United States Defense Secretary Robert McNamara at a press conference in the United States. He talks about the air strikes in North Vietnam. A map of Haiphong and Hanoi on a wall. Cameramen take photographs. U.S. aircraft carry out air strikes against Vietnam. U.S. troops inspect their aircraft. Air raids on oil depots in Haiphong and Hanoi. The planes take off from an aircraft carrier. An aerial view of the land below. Smoke rises up due to explosions.
Genevieve de Galard returns to France. She was a French nurse stationed in Hanoi and flew in casualty evacuation flights. She was named as the "Angel of Dien Bien Phu". Evacuated casualties from the battle of Dien Bien Phu carried to a van in Hanoi. Views of Galard, who refused freedom to stay with the wounded Red captives. Galard flies to Paris and is welcomed by her mother. Large crowd gathers for welcoming her. She addresses the press.
U.S. President Lyndon B Johnson speaks at the National Legislative Conference in San Antonio. He talks about the U.S. proposal for peace in Vietnam. He expresses the desire to negotiate with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh and other Chiefs of States. He is prepared to send Secretary Rush to meet Vietnamese officials. Conference attendees seated during the speech. He states Hanoi's refusal of the peace offer, as a result of which the war in Vietnam continues.