Allied troops invade Hollandia, Indonesia during World War II. United States ships underway in the Pacific Ocean on April 22, 1944 to attack Japanese positions in Hollandia. The ships underway as United States Army General Douglas MacArthur looks at the convoy from United States cruiser Nashville. Radars on alert in case of enemy attack. A United States destroyer transfers mail aboard Nashville. Troops being briefed aboard a ship. Naval guns fire at the coast during night and flaks burst. American carrier planes bombard Japanese position on the island. Allied ships underway as planes fly overhead. Troops in landing crafts as they head for the beach. Allied troops disembark from the crafts and advance inland. Trucks, tanks and troops unload from landing crafts. Allied soldiers walk through mud as they advance. General MacArthur gets off Nashville and inspect an airfield under construction on the island.
The promise of independence for Indonesia is broadcast throughout the city of Jakarta, following a ceremony at Istana Gambir, or the Gambir Palace (later renamed the Merdeka Palace). Exterior of Gambir Palace in Jakarta Indonesia. Indonesian leader Sukarno, head of the Japanese-created Poesat Tenaga Rakjat (POETERA - Concentration of People's Power) emerges from a car, climbs steps, and enters the Gambir Palace. He stands together with other Indonesian officials. Imperial Japanese Army Lt-General Kumakichi Harada addresses the gathering and delivers news of Japanese Prime Minister Koiso's September 7, 1944 promise of future independence for Indonesia (the so-called Koiso Declaration). Large Japanese flag seen on the wall behind speakers. Sukarno approaches General Harada , bows and then speaks into a microphone. Scenes of jubilation in the streets of Jakarta as citizens hear the news that Japan has promised future independence for Indonesia (date undeclared). A man standing atop a truck announces the news over a megaphone. People stand near the truck, listen and cheer. A caravan of loaded trucks rolls slowly through a Jakarta neigborhood spreading the news about the promised independence. Citizens cheer and smile. People standing at a railway station and at stopped trains hear the news and cheer. Citizens including men, women, and many children wave to the passing caravan. Sign on side of truck includes words "Bangsa Indonesia diperkenankan merdeka" meaning "Indonesia allowed Independence". Clip is from a Japanese newsreel during World War 2, with Japanese narration.
A film titled 'Allied forces take Hollandia in New Guinea!' shows Allied attack at Japanese bases at night to capture Hollandia in New Guinea. A map shows the allied attack on the island. Naval and aerial barrage helps to take control of Hollandia. American bombers drop bombs over the island. Allied soldiers in boats reach Hollandia amidst heavy firing. American tanks and infantry moves into wet, muddy jungles. General MacArthur inspects the area and greets General Walter Krueger.
Reconstruction of an airstrip. A plane lands on the airstrip.1st Cavalry Division moves to Manus. A unit of 1st Marine Division moves from Gloucester to Talasea which is only 160 miles from Rabaul. Japanese 17th Army surrenders. Animated map shows 163rd and the 127th Infantry to land at Tadji Airstrip. The 24th and 41st division to land in Hollandia to capture three airstrips Hollandia, Sentani and Cyclops. Admiral Nimitz and General MacArthur study maps. The 5th Air Force planes drop bombs on Hollandia. A Japanese convoy is strafed and bombed. Wrecked Japanese planes. Australian infantry advances through New Guinea jungles. Soldiers addressed and explained the importance of team work. 1st Cavalry troops briefed. A General addresses the soldiers through a microphone.
The Allied campaign across New Guinea and onward to the Philippines during World War 2. U.S. warships firing their guns at night. Flashes illuminate the blackness. Bombs dropping from an aircraft bomb bay. Bombs exploding on stretch of jungle near water. A U.S. Army Air Forces B-26 bomber in flight View rearward from very low flying USAAF bomber as it bombs it drops explode behind. U.S. troops making amphibious assault on New Guinea. Map showing path of Allied attacks from Australia, across New Guinea from Port Moresby to Buna and on to the Admiralty Islands, cutting off Japanese-held Rabaul, New Britain. Map shows Allied forces moving towards Japanese strongholds at Wewak and along the North shore of New Guinea and bypassing Wewak to strike at Hollandia. General Douglas MacArthur is seen aboard a U.S. warship conferring with American and Philippine officers. Annimated map shows Allied assaults on Japanese positions along the coast from Hollandia, to Warde, Biak, and beyond, stepping along towards the Philippines. Views of numerous fallen Japanese soldiers numbering more than 150 thousand dead. Crosses in battlefield cemetery at graves of some of the more than 13 thousand Allied military who lost their lives during the campaign. A soldier paying respects at one of the gravesites. Admiral Chester Nimitz with members of his staff at his headquarters in Hawaii. U.S. Navy F4F aircraft launching from an American aircraft carrier. American aircraft bombing Japanese positions on an atoll. U.S. warships bombarding Japanese positions with their heavy guns. Admiral Nimitz standing with Admiral William Halsey. More Navy gunfire and amphibious assault scenes. Map showing places where Allied forces had to battle the Japanese, including, Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands, Kwajalein, in the Marshals, Saipan, and Guam in the Marianas, and Palau to complete the "bridging" of the Pacific to the doorstep of the Philippines.
The Philippine Operations at the Humboldt Bay, Philippines. A truck convoy of 3rd Battalion, 19th Infantry Regiment troops. The convoy advances to the docks at the Humboldt Bay, Hollandia. The infantrymen are seated on the trucks.