Scenes from the Huejotzingo Carnival, in Puebla, held since 1868. It involves about 15 thousand people who dress up with masks, robes , gaznes , feather headdresses , shields and rifles to transform the town's streets in a huge stage for their play. They portray three episodes that have marked the history of Huejotzingo, as a play in three acts. Only the first of these episodes is seen in this film, namely, the 1862 Battle of Puebla , where the Mexican army defeated the French. This is represented by various battalions comprising both armies. The invading army is composed of Zouaves , Turks and sappers, while the victorious Mexican Army is formed by the highland Indians , Zacapoaxtlas and Apaches. Reenactors on both sides fire cannons as well as muskets loaded with black powder.
Ancient Indian tribes perform dance rites in Oaxaca, Mexico. Men and women dressed in traditional attires carry goat and a hen as they perform a dance rite for President Abelardo L Rodriguez and his wife at a ceremony. Girls in traditional costumes perform a dance. Men wear headgears during a dance ritual.
President Franklin D Roosevelt in the United States. A calendar shows the date 5th March 1933. Roosevelt leaves in a car after attending church service in Washington DC, United States on 5th March 1933. On March 9th 1933 Senate passes a bill proposed by Roosevelt to address bank crisis. The House also passes the President's proposed bill Franklin Roosevelt in his first fireside chats broadcast on 12th March 1933 talks about the bank crisis. He asks people to have confidence in the government. He ensures that banks will provide sufficient currency to meet the situation.
A newsreel titled 'Ancient Indian tribes acclaim President at historic dance rites' shows men and women of ancient Indian tribes dressed in their traditional attire and fancy head gears in Oaxaca Mexico. They perform a historic dance ritual as President General Abelardo L. Rodriguez and his wife enjoy the performance.
U.S. Federal provisions for the education of the North American Indians in the United States during the Great Depression era. Native American Indian students come out of Chemawa Indian School boarding school in Oregon. An elementary school in Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota. Indian children on the grounds of Shiprock Reservation in New Mexico. Animated map depicts Indian schools in the United States. Cloth lines on the grounds of a school. A man walks out of a government school building.
Great Depression scenes and recovery efforts in the United States. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as President on March 4, 1933. Scenes of Roosevelt and outgoing President Herbert Hoover leaving the White House together in a top-down convertible limousine before the ceremony. Roosevelt at the U.S. Capitol building during the inauguration ceremony as President of the United States. Roosevelt delivering the famous line in his speech, "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." Americans wait in unemployment lines to get work or jobs. Men in a bread line. Unemployed man with a large sign "Will take any job." Scenes of families migrating in the US, with vehicles filled with belongings. Families and children suffering poverty and in makeshift camps. Troops and bands march with American flags on Constitution Avenue during the Roosevelt Inauguration parade. Government officials at a long table working on emergency banking laws in March of 1933. Scene of people flooding into a bank and making a run on the bank to retrieve deposits. President Roosevelt signs Emergency Banking Act in his office on March 9, 1933. View of White House lawn and White House. The CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) is created to put unemployed young men to work on various conservation projects. CCC boys and men working on planting projects with pick axes and mattocks. Men and women in line to sign up for Emergency Work Relief programs. Officials write down the information for each worker.were put to work in a variety of projects. A sign "USA Work Program WPA" advertising a bridge work project in Los Angeles. People build roads, bridges and post offices. Cable fed out of a large spool as construction of a suspension bridge is shown. People work in factories. Train locomotives moving on tracks near factories. Various factory scenes including smokestacks and workers. A coal mining operation. Two coal miners take a break and eat. A steel factory and hot molten steel pouring from a ladle.