Volcanic eruption during the birth of the Surtsey island located near Geirfuglasker island on the Vestmanneayjar island, Iceland. Smoke and steam rise as lava spews from volcano. Wing of an aircraft while in flight. Chain of islands. Lava erupts out of the volcano. Black mass is spewed up discoloring the pure white steam momentarily. Black mass falls in water. Large steam cloud covers entire island. Turbulence along edges during eruption. An opening in center of a steam cloud. Wing of aircraft seen while in flight. A chain of island.
Volcanic eruption during the birth of the Surtsey island located near Geirfuglasker island in celand. Cinders spew up from water. Cinders spewing up amongst water and steam giving a black look momentarily. Small eruption occurs directly at the edge. Wing of aircraft seen while in flight. Eruption in progress during the birth of a large mass. White steam along the entire length of the island being born. Lava erupts from the volcano.
Iceland becomes a republic during World War II. Tents set up for citizens of Iceland outside the city of Reykjavik. Citizens gather for the ceremony marking the proclamation of Iceland as a republic. President Sveinn Bjornsson and the Bishop of Iceland as the new republic is formed. American commander on Iceland General William Key watches the ceremonies.
United States Forces in Iceland during World War II. A United States convoy of ships underway in the Atlantic Ocean towards Iceland. The deck of a ship as water washes over it. Other ships of the convoy underway at sea. The U.S. flag aboard a ship. Men at a dock. Field ration crates being loaded onto trucks. Soldiers lined up as officers review troops. Soldiers and sailors milling about on the streets in a town of Iceland. An aircraft lands at an air base. U.S. soldiers rush as an air raid alarm is sounded. The soldiers loaded in vehicles as they pull away. The soldiers at an anti aircraft gun. A soldier speaks over a radio. Aircraft in formation flight.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill is seen on the balcony of the Alþingi (Parliament House) in Reykjavik, Iceland on August 17, 1941, when he visited during voyage home from the Atlantic Conference in Newfoundland, in World War 2. To his left are Icelandic Prime Minister Hermann Jonasson and Regent Sveinn Björnsson. Churchill appears to make brief remarks to a group of civilian Icelanders assembled in the plaza below. The crowd is passive. Some take photographs. (Iceland is under British occupation at this time.)
United States Naval convoy underway at a sea en route to Iceland, prior to U.S. entry into World War 2. Heavy seas flooding deck of troop transport ship. Soldiers on the deck of a ship. U.S. destroyer escorts are seen, including a 4-stacker. A U.S. flag flutters from ship's bridge. Supplies are unloaded and placed in military vehicles. Cartons of caned food and other provisions being piled up on the docks. American soldiers climb rope ladder from small boats to the dock. Sailors toss some of the supplies from small boats to others on the dock. Commander of Allied forces in Iceland, British Major General Henry Osborne Curtis, escorts U.S. Major General, Charles H. Bonsteel, in review of a unit of British soldiers. Buildings along the sides of a street in the Icelandic Capital City, Reykjavík. Civilians walk on the streets. U.S. sailors walking on sidewalks of the city. A British Hawker Hurricane aircraft landing on airstrip. A machine gun emplacement at side of the runway. Military quarters surrounded by mud. A soldier walks from row of Quonset Huts. An air alert sounds. British troops respond in armored cars equipped with mounted antiaircraft guns. Soldiers taking up positions in trenches and manning a large antiaircraft gun. A soldier aircraft spotter wearing headset and talking on radio. Beside him are charts of aircraft identification silhouettes. A formation of aircraft overhead. Waterfront scene with boats in water. A camouflaged machine gun emplacement. A sentry on duty.