The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows correspondent Walter Cronkite to ask Senator Kennedy a question. Mr. Cronkite asks Senator Kennedy that in what areas the United States might take offensive against communism rather than being defensive to the Soviet Union. Senator Kennedy replies to the question and says that the eastern Europe is very vulnerable area according to him. He says there should be policies which make it possible to establish closer relation with a country like Poland and he also mentions the Hungarian Revolution. Senator Kennedy speaks about the relations between the Soviet Union and China. He says that India represents a great area for affirmative action by the free world. India started from about the same place that China did. India under a free society has been making some progress. But if India does not succeed, Communism can take over. He says that in Africa, Asia, Latin America, eastern Europe, the great force on their side is the desire of people to be free. Correspondent Howe asks Vice President Nixon to comment on the topic. Nixon speaks about Poland and says that Poland in not in a position to take any independent position under Soviet control. He talks about aids being sent to Poland from the U.S. and says that the U.S. can have more exchange with Poland or with any other Iron Curtain countries.
Flags of America, England and others wave in breeze. Fighter aircraft fly high overhead in sky. A NATO warship in sea. Combined NATO forces march together carrying various flags. Intercontinental Ballistic Missile or rocket ready for launch with emblem of U.S. Air Force on side. A B-52 high in sky with contrails behind. Crowd of American men, women and children in 1960's fashions looking upward at the sky. Night view of New York city. Arc de Triomphe in Paris seen with early 1960's cars passing by. Scene of the elaborately tiled library building with tile murals by Juan O'Gorman, at the University of Mexico in Mexico City (Biblioteca Central at the Ciudad Universitaria Campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico - UNAM). College students seated outside the library building. Farmer with two oxen yoked doing work. Men shoveling and moving material in wheel barrows perhaps in Latin America. Scene of a fair in India tents, vendors, and a small Ferris wheel ride. American children going round and round on a hand powered playground carousel.
Chinese Minister Chou En-Lai visits India. He is received by Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru at an airport. Chinese Minister Chou En-Lai disembarks from an aircraft. He laughs and talks with other men. Cameramen take photographs of Chinese Minister Chou En-Lai and Prime Minister Nehru. Indian citizens demonstrate against Communist Chinese brutality in Tibet and frontier dispute. The crowd carries banners. The banners read 'Pandit Nehru, stand firm' and 'Beware of Chinese Imperialism'.
A United Nations General Assembly meeting. Nikita Khrushchev addresses men and repeats his demands for the admission of Red China. He threatens the United Nations by talking about the drastic reorganization of the UN. He also talks about the removal of Dag Hammarskjold as Secretary-General. King Hussein of Jordan comes next and addresses men. He speaks as the head of a small nation that has experienced imperialism. He denounces Red attempts to wreck the United Nations. He terms the new Soviet imperialism the most brutal the world has known. India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru speaks in this regard. He defends the present structure of the world organization and makes a characteristically eloquent plea for peace. The Secretary General, Dag Hammarskjold speaks in his own defense. He receives a standing ovation from the General Assembly.
Two U.S. Pennsylvania class battleships underway at sea, with other warships in background, during World War 2. One fires to starboard with her 14-inch guns from the forward triple turrets. U.S. Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bombers flying in formation over mountains. Glimpse of General Douglas MacArthur with General Joseph (Vinegar Joe) Stilwell in gunner's station of a bomber. Montage of brief glimpses showing U.S. forces engaging Japanese forces in: amphibious assaults; firing weapons in New Guinea and other Pacific islands. U.S. warship firing naval guns. U.S. ship firing at attacking Japanese aircraft, with sky full of black flak clouds. Admiral William (Bull) Halsey. Mitsubishi A6M Zero kamikaze aircraft blown up close to flight deck of U.S. aircraft carrier. It misses the ship and crashes in flames, exploding in the water, astern. U.S. General Joseph Stilwell, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, British Allied commander Lord Louis Mountbatten, and Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, photographed together in India. Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek seated for a picture with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Camera moves back revealing British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, also seated. Behind them stand key allied military leaders, including (from the right) Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, Commander-in-chief in India; Admiral Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander of South-East Asia forces; George Giffard — commander of Eleventh Army Group; U.S. General Daniel Isom Sultan, deputy to General Stilwell; General Joseph Stilwell, Commander China-Burma-India (CBI) Command; and General Albert Coady Wedemeyer, Chiang Kai-Shek's Chief of Staff. General Joseph Stillwell is seen stepping from a military cargo plane, and being greeted by another officer. Stilwell is wearing a campaign hat. He has the CBI patch on his jacket shouder. A B-24 Liberator bomber takes off from a Chinese base at Liuchow, or possibly, Luiliang, China. (ostensibly carrying Chinese soldiers to India for training). U.S. marked P-40 aircraft are parked beside the runway. They display the shark teeth nose art of the Flying Tiger All volunteer Group of Claire Chennault. But this is 1944 and the aircraft are from the U.S. 23rd Fighter Group. Chinese soldiers are seen being armed and trained in India, with modern small arms. They are also seen fording a river with military supplies and moving in jeeps through jungle-like settings. Various views of Ledo Road construction in Burma. bulldozers, trucks, caterpillar tractors, explosives and men are shown in construction work. A jeep rides along a muddy section of the new road while U.S. and Chinese soldiers patrol on either side to protect it. Allied soldiers firing a small field piece. A C-47 aircraft airdrops supplies to the road builders. General Stilwell, standing with a Chinese officer, looks skyward at the aircraft. A C-46 Commando plane taking off from a field in India carrying supplies. Men loading a jeep aboard a C-46, plus ammunition and other supplies. Rare sight of supplies being loaded into nose cargo compartment of the one-of-a-kind XC-108A transport plane (modified B-17 bomber, tail number 41-2593). A formation of USAAF C-45 transport aircraft flying "over the Hump." Chinese P-36 Hawk aircraft in formation demonstrate firepower. Newly trained Chinese pilots marching and walking on flightline where solid-nose B-25s and P-40s are parked. Chinese and American pilots wave to each other from their P-40 aircraft. A B-25 takes off flanked by two P-40s. Bombs being dropped by Chinese B-25s. Japanese ship being strafed by Chinese fighter plane. Chinese laborers at work building an airfield without machinery. A large group pull a paving roller by hand. Chinese troops in combat with Japanese forces. One firing a Czech ZB vz. 26 light machine gun. Madame Chiang Kai-Shek addressing the U.S. Congress, 18 February, 1943.
Indian political leaders during the independence movement in India. Crowds gathering in the huge Maidan, urban park, in Calcutta. India proposes the Dominion status after the war, new constitution after the war, representatives in the war cabinet and representatives at the peace conference. A political rally. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a political and spiritual leader of India, during the independence movement. Jawaharlal Nehru, a political leader of the Congress Party, speaks to the Indian Congress Party. The Congress Party includes Hindu and Muslims political leaders. Another Indian leader addresses the party. Mohammed Ali Jinnah, a politician and leader of the All India Muslim League, speaks to the Moslems. Pakistani area is highlighted on an animated map of India. A sign:' Hindu Mahasabha'. The political leaders of Hindu Mahasabha talk. Rice cultivation on a farm. A farmer works on the farm. Two sets of cattle plow the farm.