The New Guinea campaign during World War II. A heavy cruiser underway at sea. Anti aircraft guns fired at the cruiser from a U.S. Navy battleship. U.S. Marines holding guns. The Marines fire at the cruiser. U.S. soldiers on a ship. U.S. Navy LCPs (Landing Craft, Personnel) move towards a beach. Marines aboard an LCP. The Marines holding guns get down from the LCP and move onto the beach. Marines from a U.S. Navy LCI (Landing Craft, Infantry) on the beach. An army truck driving down the ramp of a U.S. Navy LST (Landing Ship, Tank) onto the beach.The LST half immersed in water. An army jeep driven on a muddy road, soldiers on either side. A few soldiers wading through a stream with their hands raised to hold their guns. A soldier wades through the stream holding two ammunition boxes on his shoulders. Guns fired from a tank. Soldiers with rifles walk through bushes. An M4 Sherman tank moving in a wooded region. Combat infantrymen follow the tank. Two tanks fire into the wooded region. A group of soldiers wade through tropical grass. Three soldiers load projectiles into a 75mm mortar. Soldiers look at a Japanese field gun. Dead Japanese soldiers lying beside the gun. American soldiers observe a wrecked Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service fighter aircraft A6M Zero. LCPs move towards a beach. Soldiers man a 30 caliber machine gun aboard a LCP. The LCPs approach the beach and the soldiers advance across the beach into the wooded area. Several more LCPs arrive. A United States Army Air Force B-24 Liberator takes off from an airfield. Several bomber aircraft in flight. Bombs dropped from the bomb bay of an aircraft on Japanese positions. Explosions occur and smoke rises. Explosions on areas along a coast line. Thick smoke rises from the bombed areas.
The promise of independence for Indonesia is broadcast throughout the city of Jakarta, following a ceremony at Istana Gambir, or the Gambir Palace (later renamed the Merdeka Palace). Exterior of Gambir Palace in Jakarta Indonesia. Indonesian leader Sukarno, head of the Japanese-created Poesat Tenaga Rakjat (POETERA - Concentration of People's Power) emerges from a car, climbs steps, and enters the Gambir Palace. He stands together with other Indonesian officials. Imperial Japanese Army Lt-General Kumakichi Harada addresses the gathering and delivers news of Japanese Prime Minister Koiso's September 7, 1944 promise of future independence for Indonesia (the so-called Koiso Declaration). Large Japanese flag seen on the wall behind speakers. Sukarno approaches General Harada , bows and then speaks into a microphone. Scenes of jubilation in the streets of Jakarta as citizens hear the news that Japan has promised future independence for Indonesia (date undeclared). A man standing atop a truck announces the news over a megaphone. People stand near the truck, listen and cheer. A caravan of loaded trucks rolls slowly through a Jakarta neigborhood spreading the news about the promised independence. Citizens cheer and smile. People standing at a railway station and at stopped trains hear the news and cheer. Citizens including men, women, and many children wave to the passing caravan. Sign on side of truck includes words "Bangsa Indonesia diperkenankan merdeka" meaning "Indonesia allowed Independence". Clip is from a Japanese newsreel during World War 2, with Japanese narration.
Battle of Palembang, Indonesia, in World War 2. Japanese Kawasaki Ki-56 transport aircraft flying overhead in formation, begin dropping paratroopers. The sky is filled with their chutes. Next scene shows many struggling to make their way through knee-deep swampy jungles, where they landed. Most of their arms and ammunition were lost in the swamps. They finally emerge to attack lightly defended facilities of the Dutch Bataafse Petroleum Maatschappij (BPM) and Nederlandsche Koloniale Petroleum Maatschappij (NKPM),a refinery for the American Standard Oil Company. Japanese soldiers are seen after a day's battle with the defending contingent of Royal Netherlands East Indies Army home guard. A rear guard group of them and Dutch technicians, are made prisoners. Shell fired by departing Dutch forces strike oil storage tanks. Smoke rises in several places and one very heavy black smoke plume rises near the camera. Soon the area is a blazing inferno. The Japanese troops succeed in confining fires to the oil tanks, extinguish them, and save the cracking towers and other essential oil refinery structures. The Japanese flag is seen atop one. (Note: Two technicians seen in white, at TC: 02:05, are BPM workers. The one on the left is Christiaan Stapels. He died at a Japanese prisoner of war camp in June 1945.)
Japanese propaganda film "War Record of Nippon Parachute Troops", in English, made during World War 2. Japanese Para Troops check their parachutes and board transport air crafts. Planes take off from Malay air base in Malaysia to capture Allied air base in Palembang, Indonesia. Naval ship in waters of 'Straits of Malacca'. Japanese parachute troops jump off the airplanes over Palembang air base near River Musi as Allied forces fire anti aircraft guns. Japanese exchange gunfire with Dutch Allied troops. Japanese paratrooperss capture Palembang airbase. Wreck of Allied fighter aircraft and abandoned anti aircraft guns.
The Afro-Asian conference opens in Indonesia. Traffic on the road. A sign reads 'SWRAHA' on a building. Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru arrives for the conference in Jakarta Indonesia and his party ascends the steps of Merdeka Palace. Dignitaries from Asia and Africa seated on table. They talk about how to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation, and oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by the United States. Men in the background record the conference. A sign reads 'Indonesia' 'Birma' Sailan' on a table. A map of the Republic of Indonesia.
Asian-African Conference (also known as the Bandung Conference) concludes in Bandung, Indonesia. People crowd on the road. Policemen control the crowd as conference leaders including Sukarno pass by. Flags in the background. Delegates seated in the conference hall where largely anti-colonialism ideas were expressed. Delegates from Indonesia on the stage. Delegates seen from Saudi Arabia, Gold Coast, Ceylon, Zhou Enlai of China, and other participating countries. Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on stage speak to the delegates. Delegates from 29 nations present in the hall.