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Italy 1935 stock footage and images

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Abyssinian Border disputes and the beginning of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War

Start of the 2nd Italo-Ethiopian War (Second Italo-Abyssinian War).Map shows Red Sea, Arabian peninsula, and Africa, and highlighting Ethiopia and its capital, Addis Ababa, along with Djibouti and the regions of Erythree (Eritrea) and Somalie Italienne (Italian Somaliland). Following border controversies, Narrator states the matter came to a head when Italian and Ethiopian elements clashed at Welwel oasis (aka Walwal, or Ual-Ual).on November 26, and again, on December 4, 1934. Views of League of Nations council reviewing the situation. (They later concluded, on October 7, 1935, that Italy violated Article 12 of the League Covenant, by its invasion on October 3rd.) Crowds are seen demonstrating in Ethiopia. Italian forces are seen embarked on a ship as part of Italy's force buildup. Italian forces, including armor and infantry, are seen in their wholesale invasion from Eritrea, into Ethiopia, on October 3, 1935. With war declared, Ethopian troops muster in areas of the Capital, Addis Ababa. Ethopian tribesmen are seen answering the call to arms

Date: 1935, October 3
Duration: 1 min 49 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Historical events of 1935 including Stresa Front, U.S. anti-war demonstrations, FDR in Jacksonville, Easter Parade, Female flyers

Scenes showing various historical events that took place in April 1935. In Stresa, Italy, on the banks of Lake Maggiore, leaders of Britain, France and Italy confer on German rearmament, in violation and defiance of the Versailles Treaty. (There they sign the "Stresa Front"). Images show the French and British delegations arriving by boat and walking near the port at Stresa, including British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, French Prime Minister Pierre Etienne Flandin, and French Foreign Minister (President of the Council of Ministers) Pierre Laval. U.S. College students across the country join in anti-war, pacifist demonstrations. They are seen marching with banners and anti-war signs and cartoons. One banner reads, "It is the task of the 20th century to make this world a brotherhood." Also "War is Hell....Who want to go to hell?" and "War is Stupid". President Franklin Roosevelt returns from a two week cruise. He arrives in Jacksonville Florida. Local officials and crowds in Jacksonville greet him and cheer. Boy Scouts in a line greet the President. Views of Franklin Roosevelt in an open car and on ships and docks. Al Smith and Herbert Hoover share the speaker's stage in New York lending their support for the Salvation Army during the Depression. Scenes from the Easter Parade in New York City. Crowds gather, filling double-decker open air buses. Al Smith seen with his wife. Postmaster General James Farley and Irish tenor singer John McCormack are seen on Fifth Avenue in New York. Amelia Earhart completes a 1700-mile flight from Burbank, California to Mexico City. Scenes of her in Mexico City in a car laden down with celebrating Mexican officials. Aviatrix Bernadine King sets a new record for upside down endurance flying. She is seen getting into her plane, and her plane is seen upside down in the air.

Date: 1935, April
Duration: 2 min 23 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Growth of the German Nazi party and military might (German remilitarization) during the 1930s leading up to World War II

Nazi rally in Nuremberg, Germany ca.1934. Massed Storm troopers and spectators salute Hitler.An artillery piece is fired. Hitler personally recognizing loyal Storm troopers. Animated map of Asia, showing Japanese occupation of Manchuria, and Italian occupation of Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines describe Britain and France hesitating to support League of Nations oil sanctions against Italy; and U.S. increasing its oil exports to Italy by 600% (ca. 1935). Hitler and Hermann Goering looking pleased in Hitler's private railroad car. Adolf Hitler at a planning table covered with maps. German citizens traveling abroad and Joachim von Ribbentrop visiting London, as ambassador to Great Britain, in 1936. View of Léon Degrelle and his Catholic-fascist, Rexist party in Belgium (ca. 1936). View of Colonel Francois de la Rocque speaking at a Cross of Fire (Croix-de-Feu) party night rally in France.Konrad Henlein,leader of the Sudeten German Party in Czechoslovakia. Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian National Socialist official, seen in an automobile during a parade. Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, addressing followers and defending Hitler. Street scenes of public disorder attributed to Nazi sympathizers in France and Belgium. Mass meeting of the German American Bund in Madison Square Garden, New York City,1939. U.S. flags and picture of George Washington decorate stage. Fritz Julius Kuhn addresses the gathering and members rough up a protester. Views of heavy industry in Germany, especially steel manufacturing for remilitarization. Persons working at a German concentration camp. Dramatized execution by machine gun. View of Heinrich Himmler. German President Paul von Hindenburg. German national conscription of 1935. German youth training pilots with gliders. German paratroopers, Junkers 52 aircraft, soldiers goosestep, tanks. Ju 87 Stuka plane. German invasion of Rhineland, 1936. Construction of Siegfried Line. Antitank barriers, bunkers, dragons teeth. Hitler visiting Westwall. German military parade.

Date: 1939
Duration: 8 min 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Montage of mixed scenes from Europe, 1915 through 1940

Anachronistic mixture of scenes from Germany, circa 1935, Italy, circa 1915, and World War 2. Opening sequence shows Waffen SS troops goosestepping on parade in Nuremberg,Bavaria, circa 1935. Then a scene is inserted of Italian Generalissimo Luigi Cadorna, Chief of Staff, Italian Army, in World War 1, who salutes while reviewing troops. This is followed by scenes of grim-faced civilians watching German forces occupy their countries in World War II. Finally a radio tower and antenna are shown.

Date: 1940
Duration: 12 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Emperor Hirohito inspects Japanese Troops and Adolf Hitler and Mussolini coalesce and coerce support in World War 2

Descriptions of Axis forces and intentions in an American produced propaganda film. Animated map shows Japan. Emperor Hirohito inspects Japanese Troops. Troops bow down in front of the emperor. Group of Japanese women also bow down to the emperor. Masses of German citizens at packed rallies in Germany, crowded with people cheering Nazi leadership. Military demonstrations in Axis countries with military forces in their respective uniforms in each country and masses of decorated flags carried high. Picture of Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini and Emperor Hirohito. Adolf Hitler addressing Reichstag in an animated speech with much gesticulating calling on Germans to follow him and he'll 'make them masters of the world.' Mussonlini speaking to a gathered crowd and rallying support for the fascist cause. Hirohito speaking and Japanese forces answering with "bonzai" shouts. View of Axis government buildings in various cities: The Reichstag in Berlin, the House of Deputies in Rome, and the Diet in Tokyo. Legislatures in each country cheering their leaders as they speak. German ditch digging crew listens to military foreman and shouts heil Hitler. German brown shirts approach a residence and use butt of gun to force entry. Italian Soldiers raising daggers or bayonets up high and also placing their helmets atop bayonets on rifles. Newspaper headline reads 'Hitler executes more Anti-Nazi Leaders'. Dramatized depiction of slaying of socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Italy in 1924 by fascists, and Viscount Saito in Tokyo in February 1936. More headlines of other anti-Axis leaders. Views of large cathedrals from street level. People praying in church - a woman praying the rosary and an elderly man praying. German Doctor Alfred Rosenberg speaking in 1938 and decrying organized religion. Newspaper headlines recount mistreatment, imprisonment, and slaying of religious leaders. German Doctor Goebbels speaks over a microphone. German leader Julius Streicher speaking in 1935.

Date: 1942
Duration: 8 min 12 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Fascism growth despite pre-World War 2 disarmament efforts including Washington Disarmament Conference, Nine-power treaty.

The background of World War II. German Hitler Youth children march with rifles, flags and a band beneath a camp entrance named Nordmark Lager 1935. Flag with Nazi symbol. Japanese flag and Japanese youth march in military exercises, followed by teenage Japanese forces. Italian fascist troops in uniform march in Torino Italy led by a band. Views of various German and Nazi forces parade and goose step in various cities. Units include brownshirts, Storm Troopers, Wehrmacht. Civilians give a salute. Mostly sad looking men women and children watch the parades. The world globe. U.S. Capitol Building in Washington DC. French, Japanese and United States dignitaries attend the Washington Disarmament Conference or Washington Naval Conference at Memorial Continental Hall in Washington DC in 1921. View of the Washington Naval Treaty naval fleet reduction treaty book with signatures on it. Officials sign the Nine-Power Treaty that guarantees the integrity of China (per the John Hay "Open Door Policy"). Japanese delegation is shown at signing ceremony for the Nine-Power Treaty. Next scene shows 1928 signing ceremony in Paris of the Kellogg-Briand Pact renouncing war as a means of settling international disputes. French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand is seen speaking, and American Secretary of State Frank Kellogg is also seen at the treaty signing which was signed by 47 nations including Germany and Japan. In a 1930 scene, U.S. Secretary of State, Henry Stimson hands the London Naval Treaty to President Herbert Hoover. Scene of a U.S. Navy ship being blown up and scrapped in accordance with the treaty terms. View of American citizens in small town parades with floats marching as anti-war and isolationist groups.

Date: 1942
Duration: 4 min 12 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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