Events during World War 1. Sketches : In November 1916 newspaper shows Wilson reelected as a president. Cartoon depict the people of America supporting the Wilson's policy of peace. Several sketches of Thomas Woodrow Wilson after winning the election. Second inaugural of President Wilson at the United States capitol in Washington D.C. The German High Command in Berlin. Posters show the hardships of German citizens due to Allied blockade. Germany announces unrestrained submarine warfare against all vessels. Posters of the Germans destroying the American ships. The New York times reports German demarche to Japan and Mexico for support to Germany. Sketch depicts Germany Secretary of foreign affairs, Arthur Zimmermann seeks these alliances. Theodore Roosevelt addresses people. Several sketches of Woodrow Wilson. On April 2nd 1917 President Woodrow Wilson obtains declaration of war against Germany, from congress. American enters the conflict. U.S. Soldiers carry weapons in the battle field. sketches of several American officials. People work in factories to produce war materiel. A person with posters promoting Liberty bonds. A blindfolded person draws numbers from a bowl for civilian conscription. Citizens entering military service. People in a railroad train and others stand outside. People holding baggage walk in a group. A doctor checks the mouth of a recruit. Army recruit getting a haircut. Soldier stands holding guns. Soldiers practice firing artillery. Soldiers march. American recruits practice on wooden guns. Several sketches of the allied armies.
A U.S. arms manufacturing in World War 1. Hundreds of workers seen at shift change, waiting for their respective trolley cars passing on tracks between arms manufacturing plant's buildings. Women at work on metal working machines in an arms factory. Racks of Browning Automatic Rifles (Rifle, Caliber .30, Automatic, Browning, M1918) are being moved about. Assemblers are seen hand fitting parts for the Browning M1917 water cooled machine gun. One man makes final assembly adjustments to one of the machine guns set up on tripod in the factory. He enjoys firing the Browning M1917 machine gun. (Note:The M1917 and M1918 BAR were manufactured by numerous American arms makers. Colt, Remington, Marlin, Royal typewriter, Winchester. Most of the M1917 machine guns were manufactured by New England Westinghouse.)
1917 Enfield Rifles (U. S. Rifle, Model of 1917) being manufactured in the United States at one of 3 arms plants (Winchester, Remington, or Eddystone) during World War 1 (between the Spring of 1917 and the Spring of 1919). Film shows assemblers hand fitting parts, a worker adjusting the front sight for proper "zero" in a machine vise, and "Proof" firing before final inspection and acceptance. (Note: At the peak of production, the 3 arms plants were turning out 10,000 rifles per day.)
The Russian Revolution of 1917. Scenes of trench warfare on the Western Front during World War I. German soldiers firing at enemy positions. Ill-equipped Russian troops in the field, and suffering from pestilence and disease. A Russian soldier wearing no shirt and with no equipment is seen scratching at itches on his own body. Starving, sad Russian children are shown back in Russia. Scenes of St Petersburg, Russia in March 1917, during demonstrations for increased bread rations. Responding Russian troops defect and join demands for the transfer of power from the Czar to an elected parliament. A military vehicle loaded with troops is seen rallying and celebrating with Russian people. Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government Alexander Kerensky speaks to a large crowd. Czar Nicholas II, who has abdicated, sitting on a stump, with a few guards behind him. Political prisoners are freed from prisons. Leon Trotsky, speaking from a train platform, upon his return from exile in Canada. Summer, 1917, and Alexander Kerensky becomes Head of the Russian Provisional Government. Kerensky, standing in the balcony of a building, proclaims Russia a republic. A large crowd gathered outside the building. Vladimir Lenin speaking to a large crowd on the Kerensky Republic. View of Farmer workers with shovels in a field. Lenin and Trotsky call for the members of the Farmer Worker Army Union Soviet to work against the Kerensky Republic. View of Lenin speaking against the Republic and for class warfare. Lenin's Bolsheviks riot and seize the railroad stations, telegraph lines, and government offices. A tower column of the Russian monarchy is seen falling to the ground. Events on November 25 after the Russian Revolution: A number of people on a street during elections called for by Kerensky. View of Lenin talking to people in the streets. Lenin's Bolshevik group loses to the SR party. People in the streets near the time of the election. The elected assembly of the Socialist Revolutionary Party is seen meeting under the protection of Trotsky's Red Army which is seen marching near a crowd. Catherine Breshkovsky is seen standing and speaking at the assembly meeting. The elected assembly in session. The assembly refuses to turn power over to the Lenin Soviet. The members of the elected assembly are seen finally giving in to the Bolsheviks and the factions of the SR that have split to support the Bolsheviks. The leaders of the defeated faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SR) are seen leaving the grounds of the assembly. In the next scene, a crowd protests against the dismissal of the elected assembly, to no avail.. Lenin speaking to a large crowd. He speaks about the power won and maintained by violence. Views of the demonstrating crowd.
A man driving a 1917 Ford model T roadster along a severely rutted mud-filled street. A 1917 Ford Model T, one ton truck, trapped in mud. Frustrated driver gets out and kicks a rear tire. Road building crews at work with horse-drawn equipment. Road construction with large steam powered machinery. A 1917 model T roadster driving along a new smooth concrete road. Women making purchases at a sidewalk stand and placing them into their Ford Model T sedan. A doctor arrives at house of a patient, in a Ford Model T roadster. Americans driving Ford Model T cars in the National Parks. Cars driving past a giant redwood tree. Man in a Ford Model T stopped beside woods and feeding a bear in a National Park, as a Park Ranger stands nearby. Ford Model T driving through the tunnel cut in the "Wawona" giant sequoia tree, in the Mariposa Grove of Giant Sequoias at Yosemite National Park. A 1918 Ford Model T touring car parked at a picnic site, with family sitting at picnic table nearby. Families with Ford Model T cars, engaged in outdoor activities, picnicking, and gathering wild flowers. Two men making their Model T into a shelter for overnight camping. Family picnicking at a beach; their Model T parked on road above. Children playing on a beach; picking up seaweed; and wading in the surf, near large rocks.
Evolution of United States Air Force uniforms in the United States. A pilot in the cockpit of a French Nieuport fighter aircraft. A pilot in a 1917 uniform gets out of the cockpit of the aircraft and walks away. A captain in a1917 pilot's uniform gets into the cockpit of a Nieuport aircraft.