African American Preacher speaking from church pulpit to his congregation about threats to Liberty, during World War 2. Closeups of parishioners listening intently. Suddenly, in contrast, the statue of a German Eagle atop a wreathed swastika is seen followed by views of Adolf Hitler looking over maps with his war planners. Next, a Japanese Rising Sun Naval Ensign flag is seen followed by views of Japanese Naval war planners aboard ship, and Japanese war planners at an Army headquarters. Glimpse of Hitler and staff amused by something at Christmas holidays. (A decorated Christmas tree stands in the background.) An entire huge apartment house collapses from German bombing in Europe. An aerial view from a bomber with smoke rising from bomb strikes below, displays labels reading: "Thirteen Countries Conquered," and "150,000,000 People Enslaved." A German officer stands beside a group of hanged persons at a public execution. Scene shifts completely to formation of Japanese Mitsubishi G4M bombers (Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 attack bombers) releasing bombs in flight. Bombs exploding at various sites on the ground. Chinese civilians fleeing from Japanese bombing during the 2nd Sino-Japanese war. Bombs bursting and destruction. Chinese rescuing wounded and collecting the dead. Japanese bombs striking U.S. battleships, at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. American sailors running to battle stations and firing antiaircraft guns from a ship. Formations of Japanese warplanes diving from overhead. Several U.S. Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers with cockpits open (possibly representing Japanese dive bombers in a movie ) drop bombs. Explosions and fires from bombing. American sailor furiously turns controls to raise elevation of antiaircraft gun. Japanese airplane streaming black smoke passes overhead. U.S. sailors scrambling to battle stations on a ship. Japanese fighter plane firing its machine guns on a strafing run passes over a ship. An African American sailor lying on a deck, fires a M1917 Browning machine gun and falls back. Another sailor takes his place.
Events during World War 1. Sketches : In November 1916 newspaper shows Wilson reelected as a president. Cartoon depict the people of America supporting the Wilson's policy of peace. Several sketches of Thomas Woodrow Wilson after winning the election. Second inaugural of President Wilson at the United States capitol in Washington D.C. The German High Command in Berlin. Posters show the hardships of German citizens due to Allied blockade. Germany announces unrestrained submarine warfare against all vessels. Posters of the Germans destroying the American ships. The New York times reports German demarche to Japan and Mexico for support to Germany. Sketch depicts Germany Secretary of foreign affairs, Arthur Zimmermann seeks these alliances. Theodore Roosevelt addresses people. Several sketches of Woodrow Wilson. On April 2nd 1917 President Woodrow Wilson obtains declaration of war against Germany, from congress. American enters the conflict. U.S. Soldiers carry weapons in the battle field. sketches of several American officials. People work in factories to produce war materiel. A person with posters promoting Liberty bonds. A blindfolded person draws numbers from a bowl for civilian conscription. Citizens entering military service. People in a railroad train and others stand outside. People holding baggage walk in a group. A doctor checks the mouth of a recruit. Army recruit getting a haircut. Soldier stands holding guns. Soldiers practice firing artillery. Soldiers march. American recruits practice on wooden guns. Several sketches of the allied armies.
Opening scene shows a man being roughed up by a group of men in an alleyway. A slate comments (in French) that when nations are bellicose, an assassination can cause a world war. Next, a slate shows picture of the world and states (in English) "One murder may start a world war." Another slate (in French) states that In 1914, while Europe's armies and fleets were more powerful than they had ever been, the nephew of the Emperor of Austria (Archduke Ferdinand) was assassinated. A front page is shown of newspaper, "Journal De Geneve" carrying the story. Next scene is a view of the city of Sarajevo. The ancient Emperor's Mosque dominates the scene. A slate appears asking Where is Sarajevo? It is followed by a map of Europe in 1914, which zooms in on Austria and Serbia and identifies and labels Sarajevo,in Austria, close to the Serbian border. Slates (in French) says Austria accused Serbia of War and other nations enter the melee. Animated World map shows the nations getting involved, starting with the German Empire in 1914, including its African colonies, and then successively showing Russia, France, Belgium,Great Britain, Japan, and the Ottoman Empire. Map advances to 1915, showing the Italian empire, Bulgaria,and Central Arabia. In 1916 it adds Portugal, Roumania. Next, the U.S.A. is added in, 1917, along with Central and South America, Greece, Siam, and China. Finally, the slate shows the war ending in 1918. Slate shows Armistice Day, the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th Month (November), with time shown on hands of Big Ben in London.
A U.S. arms manufacturing in World War 1. Hundreds of workers seen at shift change, waiting for their respective trolley cars passing on tracks between arms manufacturing plant's buildings. Women at work on metal working machines in an arms factory. Racks of Browning Automatic Rifles (Rifle, Caliber .30, Automatic, Browning, M1918) are being moved about. Assemblers are seen hand fitting parts for the Browning M1917 water cooled machine gun. One man makes final assembly adjustments to one of the machine guns set up on tripod in the factory. He enjoys firing the Browning M1917 machine gun. (Note:The M1917 and M1918 BAR were manufactured by numerous American arms makers. Colt, Remington, Marlin, Royal typewriter, Winchester. Most of the M1917 machine guns were manufactured by New England Westinghouse.)
1917 Enfield Rifles (U. S. Rifle, Model of 1917) being manufactured in the United States at one of 3 arms plants (Winchester, Remington, or Eddystone) during World War 1 (between the Spring of 1917 and the Spring of 1919). Film shows assemblers hand fitting parts, a worker adjusting the front sight for proper "zero" in a machine vise, and "Proof" firing before final inspection and acceptance. (Note: At the peak of production, the 3 arms plants were turning out 10,000 rifles per day.)
The Russian Revolution of 1917. Scenes of trench warfare on the Western Front during World War I. German soldiers firing at enemy positions. Ill-equipped Russian troops in the field, and suffering from pestilence and disease. A Russian soldier wearing no shirt and with no equipment is seen scratching at itches on his own body. Starving, sad Russian children are shown back in Russia. Scenes of St Petersburg, Russia in March 1917, during demonstrations for increased bread rations. Responding Russian troops defect and join demands for the transfer of power from the Czar to an elected parliament. A military vehicle loaded with troops is seen rallying and celebrating with Russian people. Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government Alexander Kerensky speaks to a large crowd. Czar Nicholas II, who has abdicated, sitting on a stump, with a few guards behind him. Political prisoners are freed from prisons. Leon Trotsky, speaking from a train platform, upon his return from exile in Canada. Summer, 1917, and Alexander Kerensky becomes Head of the Russian Provisional Government. Kerensky, standing in the balcony of a building, proclaims Russia a republic. A large crowd gathered outside the building. Vladimir Lenin speaking to a large crowd on the Kerensky Republic. View of Farmer workers with shovels in a field. Lenin and Trotsky call for the members of the Farmer Worker Army Union Soviet to work against the Kerensky Republic. View of Lenin speaking against the Republic and for class warfare. Lenin's Bolsheviks riot and seize the railroad stations, telegraph lines, and government offices. A tower column of the Russian monarchy is seen falling to the ground. Events on November 25 after the Russian Revolution: A number of people on a street during elections called for by Kerensky. View of Lenin talking to people in the streets. Lenin's Bolshevik group loses to the SR party. People in the streets near the time of the election. The elected assembly of the Socialist Revolutionary Party is seen meeting under the protection of Trotsky's Red Army which is seen marching near a crowd. Catherine Breshkovsky is seen standing and speaking at the assembly meeting. The elected assembly in session. The assembly refuses to turn power over to the Lenin Soviet. The members of the elected assembly are seen finally giving in to the Bolsheviks and the factions of the SR that have split to support the Bolsheviks. The leaders of the defeated faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SR) are seen leaving the grounds of the assembly. In the next scene, a crowd protests against the dismissal of the elected assembly, to no avail.. Lenin speaking to a large crowd. He speaks about the power won and maintained by violence. Views of the demonstrating crowd.