Rail guns firing in World War 1. U.S. troops charging out of trenches. Allied gunners firing "French 75s" Allied twin-tailed biplane bombers. French Renault F17 tanks. Crowds in cities celebrate Armistice Day and end of World War I. Treaty of Versailles. Destruction of warships. Scenes of Paris. A pagoda in Japan. Temples in Siam, China, and Manchuria. Two Kayan women in Myanmar or Thailand perform a dance. Both Kayan women wear long brass coil neck rings. In the U.S., a boy hits a baseball and runs toward first base. Scenes of Japan invading Manchuria. Newspaper with headline: Henry Stimson denouncing Japan. U.S. Army troops dispel World War I veteran bonus marchers. Men lined up in bread line for unemployed during Great Depression. Brief shot of Gangsters in gun battle in an American city. Scenes of dust bowl in American with farmers and families heading West in caravans. Family standing by tent. Torchlight parade in Germany. Adolf Hitler with German President Hindenburg. Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Victor Lutze, at 1934 Nazi Rally in Nuremberg. Italian Caproni bombers over Ethiopia. Ethiopian tribesmen and Haile Selassie. U.S.Neutrality Act. American youths with a 1930 Ford coupe. Scenes from Civil war in Spain. Spanish Rebel forces in ground combat with Nationalist forces. German and Italian aircraft participate in bombing Spanish Nationalist targets in Spanish Civil War. Spanish civilians flee bombing, tend to wounded and dead victims following bombings. Italian Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 Sparviero bombers. Crowds running for shelter. Women and children victims of bombing, some crying and in shock. Spanish General Franco arrives by train in southern France to meet with Hitler. View of Gallup Poll forms, and findings, with Americans against entering European war and preferring neutrality. Japanese planes and warships attack China. Naval Chinese civilians run for cover; bodies of Chinese in trucks. Japanese freighters, Buenos Aires and Tatsuno Maru, in U.S. ports being loaded with scrap iron and metals. Hitler, Goering and other officers in 1938. Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Benito Mussolini, Count Ciano sign Munich Agreement. Hitler riding standing up in an open car during a rally in Germany. Elevated view of Los Angeles, then view of traffic on streets of Los Angeles California and newspapers being sold to pedestrians. Citizens in movie theater watching Confessions of a Nazi Spy. German-American Bund activities including outdoor rallies in the U.S., and an indoor rally in Madison Square Garden. Emperor Hirohito reviewing World War 2 troops of Japan. Japanese steel production and arms production in Japanese factories. The Hokoku Maru Japanese ship being launched with fanfare from Tama Shipyards on July 5, 1939. Meeting of United States Military Affairs Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives in late 1939 to consider national defense matters. In meeting of Naval Affairs Committee, representative asks for increase of 25 percent in authorized naval tonnage.
Animated cartoon shows a Japanese soldier loading and firing an artillery field piece. The shell travels over a distant hill and explodes. Next scene shows large gathering of people with banners at a military airfield where aircraft and anti-aircraft equipment and guns are on display. A factory is at the edge of the field and its smoke stack is emitting dark black smoke. Viewed from beside parked Nakajima Army Type 91 Fighter plane, is seen some sort of table set up in the middle of the field. A photographer is taking a picture of it. Camera moves to tail of the airplane revealing an anti-aircraft search light parked next to it. Glimpse of Japanese red ball roundel painted on side of the airplane. General Sadao Araki, Minister of War, standing by a table, near a microphone, is given a rolled document. He presents it to a robed priest. Next, a shinto priest in white, waves a garland in front of a parked Type 91 Fighter plane to bless it. Two Japanese pilots place something on the table at center of the field. One is next seen in cockpit of a Type 91 plane and then taxiing and taking off on the field, as spectators watch from sidelines. A second Type 91 is then also seen taking off at the same time in formation on the right wing of the first. An animated cartoon shows many parked airplanes and several proceeding in a column from a hangar. These appear to be more modern (like single wing Type 91s) and dispel and replace all the other airplanes in the cartoon. Next, a squadron of Japanese Army biwing airplanes are seen taking off in loose formation from a dirt field. Aerial view of several biwings flying over a Japanese army airfield. Hangars and other buildings are visible on the ground below. Two of the aircraft are seen flying in close formation near the camera plane. Sunlight glints off their wings. View from above of biwing airplanes in formation below, flying over agricultural fields. A formation in flight viewed from below. Three Type 91 single wing aircraft flying in formation high overhead. Several aircraft maneuvering independently in the sky. The three Type 91 planes in formation heading straight toward the camera plane, and passing close overhead. Aerial view of a loose formation of Mitsubishi 2MB1 - Type 87, light bombers silhouetted in flight. A lone type 91 performing aerobatic maneuvers. Shadow of the camera-carrying bi-wing army plane being cast on the ground as it flies above it. The shadow grows larger as the airplane gets closer to the ground (apparently landing). Final scenes show several biwing airplanes taking off in loose formation. They have upper wing dihedral, smaller lower wings,
backward slanted vertical stabilizers, and tail skids..
Views of Japan soon before World War II. Animated map shows Osaka and movement to Kobe. Elevated sweeping views of Kobe Japan harbor, ships at harbor, freight loaded in ship and ship 'Argentina Maru'. Streets of downtown Kobe with buildings and shops, and 1930s automobiles passing by pedestrians. Dock and harbor views in Kobe. Goods loaded onto ships at harbor for transport. Boxes being hoisted by cranes onto ships. Japanese citizens in passenger cruise ship wave the flag of Japan. School children in uniform stand on docks and wave at departing ship as it leaves dock. View of ocean water churning behind ocean going passenger cruise ship underway.
wish the troops in the ship 'Argentina Maru'. View of sea and cherry blossoms.
Japanese army officers examining foreign military equipment. A Japanese worker employing electric drill developed in a Western country. The Japanese freighter, Tatsuno Maru, loading scrap iron at a port in the United States. Other Japanese freighters loading coal and oil for shipment back to Japan. View of the Washington Naval Conference in Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, DC, held in 1921-22 and again in 1927 and 1930, to deal with several lingering issues. Glimpse of Japanese people holding flags while gathered near the Imperial Palace in Tokyo. Glimpse of Japanese army troops on parade. Japanese Navy warships at sea. A fleet of Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers and Nakajima Ki-27 pursuit planes, parked on an airfield. A loose formation of Ki-27s airborne. Animated map illustrates Japanese fortification of Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall islands in the Pacific. Animated map illustrating China's greater size and population vis-a-vis Japan. Animated map illustrating Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931. New York Times newspaper with headline "Japs Seize Manchuria" hovers over fires burning in Manchuria. Other newspaper headlines reporting on Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia; the Spanish civil war; surrender of Czechoslovakia; invasion of Poland; Nazi assaults on France, Belgium, and the Netherlands; the London Blitz; and Nazi advances against Russia on the Eastern Front. Fnally, a Boston Hearald extra edition headline reports: "Pearl Harbor Bombed." A still photograph of Japanese Baron Tanaka Giichi (on left) with two other dignitaries, circa 1929. Japanese infantry streaming into Manchuria and then celebrating as they walk into local town. A busy street in a Chinese city. Japanese soldiers in Manchuria escorting local prisoners along a street. Animated map illustrating Japananese warships surrounding harbor of Shanghai, China. View from a Japanese ship bombarding Shanghai. Smoke rising from shell striking on Shanghai waterfront. View from land of severely damaged buildings on a street, and a shell exploding in background, as Chinese defenders move to successfully repel the Japanese forces. New map illustrates subsequent Japanese move, annexing Jehol, from occupied Manchukuo, and Korea. Japanese troops entering a town in Jehol. Sun newspaper headline: "League Censures Japan." Chinese diplomat protesting at League of Nations. Japanese troops exiting railroad trains in Jehol. Aisin Gioro Puyi aka Henry Pu Yi, Kangde Emperor (Kang-te Emperor) of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, is seen saluting Japanese troops on parade. Closeup of Puyi wearing shaded glasses, looking directly into the camera. chiang Kai-shek, with other Chinese officers. Reenactment of barbarian forces riding against China and thwarted by the Great Wall. Many Chinese walking in a long line along the Great Wall. Map tracing the Great Wall across China. Aerial view of the Great Wall from overflying airplane. Japanese troops marching through a city gate; infantry climbing a sheer cliff; and helmeted Japanese soldiers marching past civilians in a city. Map illustrated progress of Chinese unification by year 1937. Japanese officers conferring during occupation. Japanese troops leave a barracks, riding in open trucks. A line of the troop trucks moving along the dirt street of a town. The troops climb from their trucks in the town.
Film opens showing reenactment of Japanese attack ostensibly against Formosa, in 1894. Japanese troops and artillery are shown. The event is depicted in a critical political cartoon. Next, Japanese Admiral Heihachiro Togo is seen in 1904, standing with other naval officers. Then, Japanese warships are shown, firing barrages of naval gunfire at the Russian fleet in Port Arthur, Manchuria. Huge black clouds arise from burning ships. Scenes of Japanese people celebrating their naval victory. Date shifts to 1910. Cartoon depicts Japanese annexation of Korea. Cartoon illustrates Japanese actions in World War I when, siding with the Allies, Japan acquired the German-held Shandong (Shantung) Peninsula of China, as well as German-held Marianas, Carolines, and Marshalls islands in the Pacific. Japanese representatives are seen participating in Post World War 1 international activities. They signed the so-called Five-Power,Four-Power, and Nine-Power treaties, and participated in the League of Nations. Glimpse of two Japanese officers, followed by cartoon depiction of the Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands, that Japan insisted on keeping. Cartoon shows them being fortified. A Japanese military marching band parades down a city street while being cheered by spectators on the sidewalks. Next, Japanese military General, Baron Tanaka Giichi, is seen in uniform with other officers. Cartoon illustrates the so-called Tanaka Memorial document that Baron Tanaka allegedly presented to the Emperor, in 1927, outlining a strategy to conquer the world. Cartoon then illustrates plan of conquest by acquiring Chinese manpower; Manchurian iron and coal; Siberian timber, coal, wheat, and metals; Tin,oil and rubber from Malaysia and the East Indies. The United States is shown as the last conquest. Views of ordinary farm and factory activities in the U.S. Cars parked in the Ford Motor Company factory lot. Japanese officials and legislators meeting in the Diet (Parliament). Japanese theater-goers and a Japanese woman singing with an American-style band, are shown as examples of activities the Japanese Government sought to discourage. A Japanese female ensemble in traditional dress, playing traditional instruments, is shown as more desirable. Western dancing and movies are shown and narrator states they were forbidden. Japese movie scene depicts ancient martial arts. A musical production displays German swastika flag and that of the Kingdom of Italy. Japanese men are shown playing the ancient game of Chu Shogi, instead of playing Western card games. People are shown in a library, where Western books are replaced by more militaristic tomes, such as: "If we fight" by Admiral Shinsaku Hirata, March 15, 1930 (shown on film slate). Slate goes on to quote about attack on Hawaii as the first battle in war of the Pacific. Film cites another approved Japanese publication: "Arguments Against American Policies" by Kawashima Seichiro, Christmas Day, 1924. It discusses distruction of the American fleet and subsequent landing on the U.S. West Coast.
ilm opens showing map of Asia and black clouds coming from all around the world to enclose Japan. A street scene with commercial displays of lights and modern architecture. Hollywood movie advertisements, including one for the 1931 Hollywood movie "Confessions of a Co-Ed," starring Phillips Holmes, Sylvia Sidney, and Norman Foster. Japanese newspapers reporting on communist activities. View of a woman's skirt and shoes as she walks along a sidewalk in Western garb. Similar view of a man. Japanese woman in Western fashions holding a compact and powdering her face. Closeup of the woman's face, with lipstick applied. She winks at the camera. A Japanese man and woman dressed in Western fashions, walking together. They sit together at a cafe table sipping sodas through straws. Behind them on the wsll is posted an advertisement for the 1930 movie, "Girl of the Golden west" starring Ann Harding. Japanese people in western fashions hurrying along a city street past others in more traditional Japanese garb. A Japanese dressed in the latest Western golfing attire, teeing off on a golf course. Two boy caddies stand next to him. Laborers in a glen using pickaxes to contour the ground (possibly for a golf course). View of a large school building with many uniformed school girls performing calisthenics in the schoolyard. Final scene reverts to the opening map and shows the dark clouds being dispelled from Japan.