General John Joseph Pershing with Allied Commanders on grassy fields in Koblenz, Germany (city is sometimes spelled Coblenz). Buildings in the background. General Pershing and Allied Commanders on horseback review the marching troops.
Germany's military resurgence from the end of World War I through its reoccupation of the Rhineland in 1936 and union with Austria in 1938. German war materiel piled up in scrap yards and aircraft engines being destroyed in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles after World War 1. Smoke stacks of war plants being toppled, aircraft hangars being destroyed, and warships being scuttled. German postwar armored cars for training. A soldier flexes the rubber gun barrel on one of them. French forces, including Colonials, occupying Coblenz (Koblenz) in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles, after World War I. French soldiers on guard at the railroad station as a train pulls in. French colonial troops tending to their horses. A British soldier standing guard in front of a building displaying a placard with the Union Jack and word:"General Headquarters, British Army of the Rhine, No.1 Building." French troops stationed in front of their headquarters and patrolling fences across railroad tracks at their occupational boundary. A large film slate announcing that the Rheinland is again free, followed by scenes of German troops re-occupying the Rhineland in 1936. Local citizens cheer the troops, who parade through a city and along the banks of the Rhein River. German sentries posted at The "Deutsche Eck" in Koblenz beside the monument of Kaiser Wilhelm I. Sign demarking boundary of Austria. Border guards opening the gates and German troops entering as crowds cheer. Adolf Hitler speaking before a huge crowd,immediately following the Anschluss (union of Germany with Austria) on 12 March 1938.
Street fighting between U.S. soldiers and prisoners in Koblenz, Germany during World War II. The prisoners with their hands on the heads. A soldier talks over a handie talkie near a damaged building. The prisoners march down a street. Damaged buildings in the background. A sign board reads "Koblenz".
View of Ellis Loring Dresel, United States commissioner to Germany and chargé d'affaires for the United States in Germany, seen standing beside a building in Berlin. Men gather for the signing of the United States peace treaty with Germany in Berlin, almost three years after the World War I armistice was signed. Mr. Dresel and two other diplomats enter a 1920's car parked on the street, as a small crowd stands by. The Treaty document is shown for the camera, bearing the signature of Ellis Loring Dresel.
Rise of fascism in Germany and Italy due to economic and social unrest in the wake of World War 1. Animated map of Japan, Germany and its neighboring countries, and Italy. Views of Italian Fascist "Black Shirts" marching bearing flags, and rendering fascist salutes. Fascists participating in the famous "March on Rome" in October, 1922. Spectators line the sidewalks and side of the road. Brief (jerky) views of unrest in Italy following World War I, due to unemployment and hard times. People getting food at an outdoor soup kitchen. Fascists promising better times are seen parading and riding in jammed open cars. Benito Mussolini, who was elected to Parliament in 1921, is seen in a top hat, arms akimbo, standing with other officials. Glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Back to Mussolini, again, who now makes some remarks to those standing with him and expresses himself with exaggerated body language. Another glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Film transitions to Germany, where Adolf Hitler is seen walking through a dense crowd of supporters. Hitler's clothes resemble a military uniform. Next, scenes illustrating the terrible post-World War 1 hyperinflation suffered by Germany during the Weimar Republic. Various banknotes and currency in ridiculous denominations are shown. People trying to buy groceries during this period. German militaristic marchers. Fascists giving arm salutes as they parade in a city street. General Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (who is also President of Germany) is seen standing in front of Germany's top military leaders. Directly behind him is Marshal August von Mackensen, in a fur busby hat with Totenkopf (death head) insignia. Other Generals wear pickelhaube spiked helmets. Hindenburg's closest associate, General Erich Ludendorff stands just behind and to the left of Hindenburg. Glimpse of German soldiers in more modern uniforms. Next, Hindenburg is seen reviewing troops in the company of their commander. Next, Hitler is seen with a group of German civilian industrialists whose interests he promises to support. Alfred Krupp Jr. sits, with his legs crossed, next to Hitler. Glimpse of Hitler, in uniform, waving from a window. People running as a cadre of mounted police canter in formation down the street.
Street fighting between U.S. soldiers and prisoners in Koblenz, Germany during World War II. The prisoners walk through the streets. Damaged buildings on either side of the streets. A patrol advances through rubble filled streets. They look for snipers. The damage in the town. A soldier hides in a window of a corner of a damaged building. Other soldiers take cover behind debris of damaged buildings.