Japanese involvement in Korea, from end of Russo-Japanese war through post annexation in 1910. Landscape scenes of Korea. A 4-stacker Japanese troop ship, in a Korean harbor, flying the rising sun flag. Japanese troops disembarking, and marching off the pier. Japanese atrocities committed against the Korean people. Still pictures of Japanese officers. Slate highlights August 10, 1910, the date that Japan officially annexed Korea. Images show Korean flag being replaced by that of Japan. Panning views over rooftops of residential neighborhood and buildings in Nam San Dong, Seoul. Scene shifts to poorer rural area village with straw-roofed huts. Men till rice fields and irrigate fields by manpower alone. Views of various farm crops in the fields. Women are seen harvesting crops. In village, peasants thresh grains by hand. Officials arrive to weigh and take rice from village.Narrator states that the Japanese were everywhere and treated the Korean people very badly.Burlap bags of grain piled on cart. Korean workers load farm products for shipment to Japan. Various cargoes of Korean products being moved by rail to ports for shipment to Japan. Korean women and some children at work in fabric mills. Korean men at work in smelting plant. Many Korean men laboring on rock piles, and carrying heavy logs. One man collapses. Another collapses while working in surface mining. Supervisor chases others who try to assist him. (Note:This film, which contains some very old historic footage, is attributed to the War Department Military Intelligence Division, and was probably produced circa 1940. It is listed as 1910 because Japanese annexation and related events are included herein.)
Korean propaganda film depicting suffering of the Korean people under Japanese occupation prior to and through World War 2. Korean citizens answering questions of Japanese civilian officials during period of Japanese occupation before World War 2. Japanese warship carrying Nakajima E4N bi-wing scout plane. Steel truss bridge being bombed. Koreans being forcibly recruited to fight for Japan. Koreans being tortured and imprisoned at hands of Japanese. Aircraft dropping bombs on ground targets. Slate announces August 9, 1945, marking the Soviet invasion of Japanese occupied areas, including North Korea, in World War II. Destroyers dropping depth charges. Battleships firing heavy guns. Soviet infantry rushing from a ship to engage Japanese forces. Soviet soldier offloading an M1910 Maxim Sokolov Machine gun onto a pier. Amphibious assault by Soviet forces. Artillery barrages. Explosions and smoke. Soviet infantry attacking industrial facilities and planting the Red flag on a hilltop in a rural area. Japanese troops surrendering to Soviet soldiers. Fallen Japanese gunner in gun position with shell in his hands. Numerous other fallen Japanese soldiers. Captured Japanese weapons and war materiel, including many swords. Japanese prisoners of war seated in an open area. Various destroyed Korean buildings and temples. Denuded trees in war zone. August 15th, 1945, shows Japanese citizens listening to a loudspeaker broadcast by Emperor Hirohito, announcing the surrender of Japan, and end of World War II. Shackles are removed from Korean prisoners. Koreans celebrate in the streets. The Korean flag flies from houses in a village. Korean people march, sing, and cheer everywhere in the country. A seated band of musicians plays. Scene shifts to the deck of the battleship USS Missouri, where Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu in formal attire sits to sign documents of surrender. General Douglas MacArthur, and other senior allied officers, stand nearby as Soviet Lieutenant General Kuzma Nikolaevish Derevyanko sits to sign for the USSR. Japanese civilians living in Korea, during the Japanese occupation, are seen moving with their belongings, to be relocated back in Japan.
Film opens showing reenactment of Japanese attack ostensibly against Formosa, in 1894. Japanese troops and artillery are shown. The event is depicted in a critical political cartoon. Next, Japanese Admiral Heihachiro Togo is seen in 1904, standing with other naval officers. Then, Japanese warships are shown, firing barrages of naval gunfire at the Russian fleet in Port Arthur, Manchuria. Huge black clouds arise from burning ships. Scenes of Japanese people celebrating their naval victory. Date shifts to 1910. Cartoon depicts Japanese annexation of Korea. Cartoon illustrates Japanese actions in World War I when, siding with the Allies, Japan acquired the German-held Shandong (Shantung) Peninsula of China, as well as German-held Marianas, Carolines, and Marshalls islands in the Pacific. Japanese representatives are seen participating in Post World War 1 international activities. They signed the so-called Five-Power,Four-Power, and Nine-Power treaties, and participated in the League of Nations. Glimpse of two Japanese officers, followed by cartoon depiction of the Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands, that Japan insisted on keeping. Cartoon shows them being fortified. A Japanese military marching band parades down a city street while being cheered by spectators on the sidewalks. Next, Japanese military General, Baron Tanaka Giichi, is seen in uniform with other officers. Cartoon illustrates the so-called Tanaka Memorial document that Baron Tanaka allegedly presented to the Emperor, in 1927, outlining a strategy to conquer the world. Cartoon then illustrates plan of conquest by acquiring Chinese manpower; Manchurian iron and coal; Siberian timber, coal, wheat, and metals; Tin,oil and rubber from Malaysia and the East Indies. The United States is shown as the last conquest. Views of ordinary farm and factory activities in the U.S. Cars parked in the Ford Motor Company factory lot. Japanese officials and legislators meeting in the Diet (Parliament). Japanese theater-goers and a Japanese woman singing with an American-style band, are shown as examples of activities the Japanese Government sought to discourage. A Japanese female ensemble in traditional dress, playing traditional instruments, is shown as more desirable. Western dancing and movies are shown and narrator states they were forbidden. Japese movie scene depicts ancient martial arts. A musical production displays German swastika flag and that of the Kingdom of Italy. Japanese men are shown playing the ancient game of Chu Shogi, instead of playing Western card games. People are shown in a library, where Western books are replaced by more militaristic tomes, such as: "If we fight" by Admiral Shinsaku Hirata, March 15, 1930 (shown on film slate). Slate goes on to quote about attack on Hawaii as the first battle in war of the Pacific. Film cites another approved Japanese publication: "Arguments Against American Policies" by Kawashima Seichiro, Christmas Day, 1924. It discusses distruction of the American fleet and subsequent landing on the U.S. West Coast.
The Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Athletes from many countries competing. Views of exterior of Olympic Stadium in Berlin, and interiors with Olympic flame burning. U.S. captures the men's track and the field title with a total of 203 points to 80 for Finland. A large crowd gathers to watch the events. People cheer and applaud. Men watch through binoculars. Cameramen record the event. Events shown include: Womens Discus, Mens Discus, Marathon, Mens 110 meter hurdle race final (with Forest Towns winning followed by Don Finlay and Fritz Pollard), and a relay race in which Frank Wykoff wins for the United States, breaking the world record of 39.8 seconds. Also shown are Field Hockey, and Diving. Winners shown include the first ever gold medal by a Korean, Sohn Kee-chung, in the marathon. He was running for Japan after Japan's 1910 annexation of Korea. Also British India in Field Hockey is shown playing, University of Michigan diver Richard Degener who won Gold in springboard diving, and Gisela Mauermayer who won the Gold for Germany in women's discus. In Men's Discus, U.S. Gold Medal winner Ken Carpenter from USC is shown, along with Gordon Dunn who won the silver medal in men's discus.
History of fire fighting in forests in United States. United States President Theodore Roosevelt standing with several persons, including John Muir and Chief Forester, Gifford Pinchot. Roosevelt on speaker's stand. Picture of Northern District Forester, William B. Greely and his staff, in Missoula, Montana. Scenes from 1910 during period of drought. A ranger checks a rain gauge. Picture of Smoke rising in a forest as a fire breaks out in Montana. Firefighters are recruited and head to Montana on horses and mules. Smoke rises as fire spreads across the forest. Firefighters work with hand tools and axes in attempt to control the fires. August 20, 1910, hurricane force winds create the "Big Blowup" fire storm starting in Elk City Idaho. Destruction in Wallace, Idaho. Scenes of aftermath, showing swaths of destroyed forest. Men in area filled with smoke, felling a large tree using axes. Forest Rangers standing on a mountain peak, scanning the horizon, with field glasses, for signs of fire. A Ranger on horseback. A Ranger approaches a fire, puts his backpack down and starts to clear brush. A fire warden standing on a peak looking for signs of fire.
Group of garment workers pose, for photograph, on steps of a building in Chicago. Police on horseback approach a group of people on a sidewalk. Horse-drawn wagon parked at curb. Mounted police breaking up a gathering. Two women caught in the commotion. One falls to the ground and is helped up by a uniformed policeman. Four women garment workers pose for a picture. Another view of the group seen earlier on steps of a building. Striking garment workers marchi in streets of Chicago. Brief montage with scenes of unrest. Garment workers parade with sign lamenting the death of Charles Lazinskas .Formal portrait photograph of Charles Lazinskas, with caption beneath reading:"Was shot December 3, 1910." The Chicago Daily Tribune of January 4, 1910, with headline reading: "Man shot in strike riots, foreman of big clothing factory held." Another newspaper headline reads:"Strikers March With Mute Pleas, Garment Workers Rely on Banners and Placards to Air Grievances." Yet another reads: "Strike Embroils Social Workers, Pastor and U of C Student Interfere for Toilers and Are Arrested, Police Brutality." Picture of social worker, Jane Addams, with another woman. Early and later photographs of Joseph Shaffner, of Hart, Schaffner, & Marx company. Garment worker union leader, Sidney Hillman. Fabric cutters working at the clothing factory.