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Kowel Poland 1944 stock footage and images

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German officers visit a Catholic church in Kowel Poland during World War II (now Kovel Ukraine).

German propaganda newsreel shows German officers visiting a church in Kowel Poland, now Kovel Ukraine (possibly the Church of St. Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr in Kovel, dismantled after World War 2). A statue of Jesus Christ and many other Christian Catholic and Russian Orthodox relics and artwork are on display, purportedly saved by German forces of the 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking under Nazi General Herbert Otto Gille. Several German officers join Herbert Otto Gille in looking at the items on display. Items include a vestment or altar cloth commemorating a 1921 Gymnastic gathering of the Sokol movement in Kowel (reading Kowlu on the fabric), and featuring the Black Madonna or Black Virgin. Other relics including Crowns, candle sticks, goblets, and crucifix. The German officers discuss the relics with the Catholic priests. The officers, including Obergruppenführer Herbert Otto Gille, shake hands with the clergy before departing.

Date: 1944
Duration: 57 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: None
 
 
Polish resistance during German occupation of Warsaw in World War II. Scenes of pre-war Warsaw.

Remains of the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw, Poland. Workmen and equipment appear to be demolishing it. The words: "Wawer, 27 XII 39" painted on sidewalk. Passersby place flowers at the spot. At another spot on the sidewalk is painted: "Polska Zwyciezy"(Poland Wins). Cardboard caricatures of Hitler are raised on a building wall and hung from a lampost. Base of lampost, where people walk their dogs, being painted "Nur fuer Deutch" (only for Germans). Newspapers in 1944 reporting on the increased internal Polish armed resistance, or Warsaw Uprising, against the occupying German forces. Scenes of fire and destruction arising in this increasing conflict. Scenes of pre-war Warsaw.

Date: 1944, September
Duration: 3 min 16 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Hitler visits German officers, hospitalized for injuries from bomb plot against him. He also meets Nazi officials, in World War II

Adolf Hitler visits German military officers, at a military hispital in Rastenburg, during World War 2. They were injured in the July 20th assassination attempt against Hitler. He visitis and speaks with: Major General Walter Scherff; Navy Captain Heinz Assmann; Rear Admiral Karl-Jesco von Puttkamer; and General Walther Buhle. As he leaves the building, women nurses outside, give Nazi salutes, and cheer him. Change of scene shows Hitler, at the Wolf's Lair compound, near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). Among those he greets are: Walther Funk, Reich Minister for Economic Affairs; Reich Minister Albert Speer; and Reich Minister Hans Heinrich Lammers, President of the Reich Cabinet. Next scene shows Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Nazi Gestapo, speaking with General (Generaloberst) Ferdinand Schörner. Hitler strolls with Hermann Goering, and is then seen, from behind, as he greets Reich Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels and General (Generaloberst) Heinz Wilhelm Guderian, Chief of Staff of the Army. The Nazi top leaders stand and converse. Goebbels speaks with Martin Bormann and General Alfred Jodl,who was also injured during the July 20, 1944 bomb plot against Hitler. (Jodl's head is bandaged.)

Date: 1944
Duration: 1 min 56 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Hitler visits officers injured in the July 20th bomb plot and meets with Nazi officials, in World War II

Adolf Hitler visits German Army officers, who were injured, in the July 20th assassination attempt against him. They are being treated at a military hospital, in Rastenburg, during World War 2. Among the victims he visits are: Major General Walter Scherff; Navy Captain Heinz Assmann; Rear Admiral Karl-Jesco von Puttkamer; and General Walther Buhle. Hitler is seen with a small bandage in his right ear due to a ruptured ear drum from the explosion. He takes time and speaks with each of the wounded officers. As he leaves, women nurses, assembled outside, render Nazi salutes, and cheer him. Change of scene shows Hitler, at the Wolf's Lair compound, near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). He greets Walther Funk, Reich Minister for Economic Affairs; a local Gauleiter; Reich Minister Albert Speer; a Dr. Sauer; and Reich Minister Hans Heinrich Lammers, President of the Reich Cabinet. Next scene shows Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Nazi Gestapo, speaking with General (Generaloberst) Ferdinand Schörner. Hitler strolls with Hermann Goering, and is then seen, from behind, as he greets Reich Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels and General (Generaloberst) Heinz Wilhelm Guderian, Chief of Staff of the Army. Beside him is Hermann Fegelein. The Nazi top leaders stand and converse. Goebbels speaks with Martin Bormann and General Alfred Jodl, whose head is bandaged. (He was injured during the July 20, 1944 assassination plot against Hitler.)

Date: 1944, July
Duration: 1 min 55 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Liberated United States airmen prisoners at Stalag 7A in Moosburg, Germany

Liberated United States prisoners (mostly military airmen) at POW camp called Kriegsgefangenen-Mannschafts-Stammlager (Stalag) VII A, located just North of Moosburg, Germany. The airmen cook food. Several are seen sunning themselves. Airmen seen shaving, shining shoes and cleaning clothes. A group of airmen around sign 'I Wanted Wings' and 'Luft 3'. These are some of the prisoners who were originally held at Stalag Luft III, in German Province of Lower Silesia, near the town of Sagan (now in Poland). (Note: Stalag Luft III is famous because the "Great Escape" took place there in March, 1944. Prisoners were forced to march from Sagan to Spremburg during the coldest winter in Germany in 50 years. There, they boarded a train of boxcars for a 3 day trip to Moosburg in January 1945, because the Russians were closing in. The addition of these prisoners to Stalag 7A, at Moosburg, led to serious overcrowding of the camp. On May 1, 1945, the New York Times reported that "The Fourteenth Armored Division liberated 110,000 Allied prisoners of war at Stalag 7A at Moosburg." This corrected an earlier report that 27,000 prisoners had been liberated.)

Date: 1945, April 29
Duration: 2 min 39 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Training film for U.S. troops with the Army of occupation in Germany after world War II

Opens with bell tolling Victory against Germany in World War II. Next, a slate reads: "Victory Leads to Peace," and a farmer is seen with cattle pulling a plow. But narrator says "the problem now is future peace," and a map of Germany is shown overlaid with "Your Job in Germany." A cartoon of a soldier is superimposed on the map, along with one of a World War 1 American soldier and a figure of possible future soldier with similar mission. Camera focuses on parts of German aircraft in a jumbled heap. Closeups of weary defeated German soldiers at end ot World War II. Glimpse of Adolf Hitler speaking and haranguing an audience from a podium. Swastika flags displayed from houses in a quaint German town. Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Reich Minister of Propaganda, at a microphone. Glimpse of a German concentration camp. But as they appear, each of the Nazi elements promptly disappears, showing the scenes without such Nazi symbols and persons. Skeleton remains of bombed buildings. Flower displays. Bucolic German rural countryside and quaint old villages in peaceful settings. Camera focuses on a book titled "German History." Chapter I, titled "Blood and Iron," shows Image of Otto von Bismarck. German troops march in a parade. Narrator states that "under Bismarck, the German empire was built." (He formed the German Empire in 1871, unifying Germany with himself as Imperial Chancellor, while retaining control of Prussia at the same time.) The film shows mounted German lancers as it alludes to Bismarck's campaigns against Denmark in 1867; Austria in 1866; and France, in 1870. Germany's leaders celebrating its status, in 1871, as the mightiest power in Europe. Troops marching and girls dancing nearby. Farmers plowing field with a horse and cow. Classic peaceful rural alpine scenes with local people in agricultural pursuits. A group of local German musicians playing folk music as village people dance outdoors. Back to the book, Kaiser Wilhelm II is shown on Chapter 2, entitled: "Deutschland über Alles." Gathering of German soldiers in Pickelhaube (spiked helmets). A German Big Bertha howitzer firing. German troops marching against Serbia; Russia; and France (with view of war damaged French cathedral). German invasion of Belgium (with view of clock tower resting in rubble). German troops seen in Italy, walking past battle-damaged buildings. German Zeppelin dropping bombs on British targets and view of bombed out London neighborhood. Next scene shows a capsized ship with survivors running across its hull. Film slate labels the scene as United States, as if it is a U.S. ship attacked by Germany. (Actually, it is the Austro-Hungarian Battleship, SMS Szent Istvan, torpedoed, by Italian torpedo boats, during World War I.) Next, American soldiers in trench are seen going "over the top" and into "no man's land" on the western front of World War 1. Glimpse through a window of Kaiser Wilhelm II, after defeat of Germany, in 1918. View of Germans in a Beer Garden. Picturesque view of German town. A German orchestra performing. American soldiers marching out of Germany, with flags waving. Back to the history book,as chapter III is revealed, entitled "Today Germany, tomorrow, the world," and featuring Adolf Hitler. German troops invading Austria (where a civilian lies dead on the ground). German troops entering Czechoslovakia (where local people in tears render the Nazi salute). They march into Poland (where a girl weeps over someone, not seen, on the ground). They march into France (where a wounded, bandaged child cries in a bed). Next, is a scene from England, where a British child victim of bombing lies dead in the remains of a shelter. German troops invading Norway, Holland, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg and Russia (where a woman tries to rouse a dead woman). They invade Yugoslavia (where women sit near coffins of children) and Greece (where a woman rescues a naked child). A U.S. merchant ship explodes after being torpedoed by a German submarine (unseen). Scenes of destruction with people plucking dead victims from rubble of buildings. American troops invading Normandy, France on D-day, June 6, 1944. Several American soldiers fall to German gunfire on the beach. Wounded American soldiers being transported in jeeps on the battlefield and being placed on landing craft for evacuation. Americans walking past huge piles of destroyed aircraft parts. A landing craft filled with wounded American soldiers. American wounded and dead on a battlefield. Sailors abandoning a burning American ship by jumping into the sea. A sailor picked up in a life boat. A wounded American soldier being dragged from the beachhead at Normandy. Various wounds being treated by U.S. Medical Corps personnel. More scenes of American wounded being moved on stretchers. Scene shifts abruptly to German people folk dancing. Film concludes with question marks about the future.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 24 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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