German propaganda newsreel shows German officers visiting a church in Kowel Poland, now Kovel Ukraine (possibly the Church of St. Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr in Kovel, dismantled after World War 2). A statue of Jesus Christ and many other Christian Catholic and Russian Orthodox relics and artwork are on display, purportedly saved by German forces of the 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking under Nazi General Herbert Otto Gille. Several German officers join Herbert Otto Gille in looking at the items on display. Items include a vestment or altar cloth commemorating a 1921 Gymnastic gathering of the Sokol movement in Kowel (reading Kowlu on the fabric), and featuring the Black Madonna or Black Virgin. Other relics including Crowns, candle sticks, goblets, and crucifix. The German officers discuss the relics with the Catholic priests. The officers, including Obergruppenführer Herbert Otto Gille, shake hands with the clergy before departing.
Remains of the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw, Poland. Workmen and equipment appear to be demolishing it. The words: "Wawer, 27 XII 39" painted on sidewalk. Passersby place flowers at the spot. At another spot on the sidewalk is painted: "Polska Zwyciezy"(Poland Wins). Cardboard caricatures of Hitler are raised on a building wall and hung from a lampost. Base of lampost, where people walk their dogs, being painted "Nur fuer Deutch" (only for Germans). Newspapers in 1944 reporting on the increased internal Polish armed resistance, or Warsaw Uprising, against the occupying German forces. Scenes of fire and destruction arising in this increasing conflict. Scenes of pre-war Warsaw.
Adolf Hitler visits German military officers, at a military hispital in Rastenburg, during World War 2. They were injured in the July 20th assassination attempt against Hitler. He visitis and speaks with: Major General Walter Scherff; Navy Captain Heinz Assmann; Rear Admiral Karl-Jesco von Puttkamer; and General Walther Buhle. As he leaves the building, women nurses outside, give Nazi salutes, and cheer him. Change of scene shows Hitler, at the Wolf's Lair compound, near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). Among those he greets are: Walther Funk, Reich Minister for Economic Affairs; Reich Minister Albert Speer; and Reich Minister Hans Heinrich Lammers, President of the Reich Cabinet. Next scene shows Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Nazi Gestapo, speaking with General (Generaloberst) Ferdinand Schörner. Hitler strolls with Hermann Goering, and is then seen, from behind, as he greets Reich Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels and General (Generaloberst) Heinz Wilhelm Guderian, Chief of Staff of the Army. The Nazi top leaders stand and converse. Goebbels speaks with Martin Bormann and General Alfred Jodl,who was also injured during the July 20, 1944 bomb plot against Hitler. (Jodl's head is bandaged.)
Adolf Hitler visits German Army officers, who were injured, in the July 20th assassination attempt against him. They are being treated at a military hospital, in Rastenburg, during World War 2. Among the victims he visits are: Major General Walter Scherff; Navy Captain Heinz Assmann; Rear Admiral Karl-Jesco von Puttkamer; and General Walther Buhle. Hitler is seen with a small bandage in his right ear due to a ruptured ear drum from the explosion. He takes time and speaks with each of the wounded officers. As he leaves, women nurses, assembled outside, render Nazi salutes, and cheer him. Change of scene shows Hitler, at the Wolf's Lair compound, near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). He greets Walther Funk, Reich Minister for Economic Affairs; a local Gauleiter; Reich Minister Albert Speer; a Dr. Sauer; and Reich Minister Hans Heinrich Lammers, President of the Reich Cabinet. Next scene shows Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Nazi Gestapo, speaking with General (Generaloberst) Ferdinand Schörner. Hitler strolls with Hermann Goering, and is then seen, from behind, as he greets Reich Minister of Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels and General (Generaloberst) Heinz Wilhelm Guderian, Chief of Staff of the Army. Beside him is Hermann Fegelein. The Nazi top leaders stand and converse. Goebbels speaks with Martin Bormann and General Alfred Jodl, whose head is bandaged. (He was injured during the July 20, 1944 assassination plot against Hitler.)
Liberated United States prisoners (mostly military airmen) at POW camp called Kriegsgefangenen-Mannschafts-Stammlager (Stalag) VII A, located just North of Moosburg, Germany. The airmen cook food. Several are seen sunning themselves. Airmen seen shaving, shining shoes and cleaning clothes. A group of airmen around sign 'I Wanted Wings' and 'Luft 3'. These are some of the prisoners who were originally held at Stalag Luft III, in German Province of Lower Silesia, near the town of Sagan (now in Poland).
(Note: Stalag Luft III is famous because the "Great Escape" took place there in March, 1944. Prisoners were forced to march from Sagan to Spremburg during the coldest winter in Germany in 50 years. There, they boarded a train of boxcars for a 3 day trip to Moosburg in January 1945, because the Russians were closing in. The addition of these prisoners to Stalag 7A, at Moosburg, led to serious overcrowding of the camp. On May 1, 1945, the New York Times reported that "The Fourteenth Armored Division liberated 110,000 Allied prisoners of war at Stalag 7A at Moosburg." This corrected an earlier report that 27,000 prisoners had been liberated.)
The Nazi concentration camp in Majdanek, Poland (also known as Maidanek) during World War 2. Surviving prisoners inside the barb wired fences of the concentration camp, near time of liberation by Soviet Russian Allied forces. Tattooed prisoner number on chest of a victim prisoner. Evidence of atrocities: Main chimney of crematorium. Ashes of human corpses that were burned at the camp. A group of seated German SS soldier prison guards, now POW, after capture by Soviet forces. Soviet Russian officials examine the clues from the concentration camp. Close up views of electrical sources and parts powering the barbed wire enclosures. Warning signboard on the fences. Guard towers and electrically charged barbed wire fencing. German guard pro-Nazi grafitti carved on a wooden fence post. Aerial view of large number of barracks in the camp at Lublin Poland, also known as KL Lublin. Clip is part of Nuremberg Trials prosecution exhibits 228, 229.