Congressional Medal of Honor awarded to soldiers in Lich, Germany during World War II. The Commanding General of the Third U.S. Army George S Patton, Jr. salutes. General Patton, Major Commander General of U.S. 5th Division S Leroy Irwin, and Pvt. Harold A Garman of Albion III wearing a Medical Corp helmet, the recipient of medal, stand together. The U.S. soldiers march. A building in the background. General Patton, General Irwin and Pvt. Garman standing. The soldiers march carrying guns on their shoulders. General Patton pats the shoulder of Pvt. Garman. General Leroy Irwin stands in the background. General Patton shakes hand with Pvt. Garman. Medal and ribbon around the soldier's neck.
The Medal of Honor awarded to a soldier in Lich, Germany during World War 2. Pvt. Harold A. Garman of Albion, Illinois, stands wearing a Medical Corps helmet. U.S. soldiers parade in the background. A marching band plays music. Troops march shouldering arms. The soldiers wear Medical Corps helmets. The soldiers stand in formation. Pvt. Harold A Garman walks forward escorted by an officer. The officer salutes. Commanding General of U.S. 5th Division, S. Leroy Irwin and Commanding General of the Third U.S. Army, George S Patton, Jr. come forward escorted by a U.S. Army officer. Pvt. Harold A. Garman and both the Generals stand at attention. The officer reads the award citation. General Patton presents the medal of Honor to Pvt. Garman. General Irwin shakes hand with Pvt. Garman. General Irwin, General Patton and Pvt. Garman stand together.
Allied troops in Germany during World War II. Allied troops walk on a street. Damaged buildings on either side of the street. Rubble on the street. The troops on tanks and trucks advance. First U.S. Army troops in a trench with guns. The troops on tanks fire and advance. The troops on a tank advance. An insignia of the United States on a tank. The U.S. 9th Army troops on jeeps cross the Rhine river. A troop on a bridge crosses the river. The troops enter a German town Lich. The damaged buildings. A soldier fires a gun. The dead German soldiers. The captured German troops raise their hands and advance. The German people stand. A view of the damaged and wreckage in Julich. Allied Supreme Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower and the U.S. 9th Army Commander W.H. Simpson inspect positions near Julich. A view of the damaged town. The civilians walk on a street. The captured German soldiers walk on the street. Russian and Polish prisoners are liberated. The U.S. Army soldier greet the Russians and Polish prisoners. The prisoners are liberated and meet each other. A soldier stands with a woman. A view of a German concentration camp. The buildings at the camp. Barbed wire fence around the camp.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
Documentary titled 'Deutschland Erwache' recounts Germany's wartime experiences. Nazi Swastika emblem is blasted from the top of the Zeppelintribüne at the Nazi party rally grounds in Nuremberg in 1945 by the U.S. Army. Following explosion, the pieces from the destroyed emblem fall from the sky. Montage shows: German Prisoners Of War (POWs) marching; Ratification of the German surrender documents (from surrender two days earlier at Reims) held at Soviet headquarters in Karlshorst, Berlin, Germany on May 9, 1945. German officers present include Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff from the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine. They are seen entering room and signing documents. View of Keitel signing the surrender document. Soviet Russian General looking at surrender documents. General Eisenhower, General Montgomery and others shown in brief glimpses. Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill at Yalta. Aerial views of heavily bomb-damaged cities in Germany, including wrecked German cities of Cologne, Nuremberg, Hamburg, and Berlin. View of Brandenburg gate in background and rubble of bombing in foreground as two people carry a stretcher down the street. A wrecked street sign for the Unter Den Linden lies on the ground partially covered in mud. Ground level views of smoking ruined buildings in Berlin and a few German citizens walking on the streets. Views of dead German soldiers on a battlefield. German soldiers helping to carry and tend to wounded and bandaged German soldiers. Large group of German citizens gathered in a public square.