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Lower Saxony Germany 1945 stock footage and images

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A British Royal Artillery officer, in charge of Belsen concentration camp at Lower Saxony, Germany speaks after liberation.

An officer of the British Royal Artillery, in charge of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp operated by Nazi Germany at Lower Saxony, Germany. The officer speaks after liberation about the conditions at the camp when Allied forces reached there. Seventeen thousand prisoners buried by them. The prisoners had no food for six days and they ate turnips. The officer informs about the cook house since organized at the camp. Clip is part of Nuremberg Trials prosecution exhibit 230. (World War II period).

Date: 1945, April
Duration: 1 min 12 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Camp guards arrested and piles of tortured dead bodies moved for burial at Bergen Belsen concentration camp in Germany

The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp operated by Nazi Germany in Lower Saxony, Germany after liberation by British Army during World War II. Narrator identifies Nazi officer by the name Kramer, as the camp commander, who is taken into custody by British troops. Guards of camp arrested by British Army. Prisoners inside the camp starved and sick, including some in a bunk house. Liberated woman weeps and kisses hand of a British soldier. Dead bodies of atrocity victims lie on grounds. Dead bodies of young women. Tortured and severely beaten dead bodies. Prisoner numbers tattooed on the arms of dead bodies. SS guards ordered to toss corpses in trucks. Immense number of dead bodies kept on open ground. SS guards toss dead bodies in a large open mass grave. German women guards at the camp walk out of a barracks, ordered to bury the dead. They drag dead bodies and throw them in a mass grave. A bulldozer sweeps piles of dead bodies in mass grave. Its operator covers his face. Pile of dead bodies swept into a mass grave. A U.S. Navy signed affidavit of authenticity of the footage concludes the clip. Clip is part of Nuremberg Trials prosecution exhibit 230

Date: 1945, April
Duration: 6 min 4 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Speech of a woman doctor who was a liberated prisoner and in charge of female section at Belsen concentration camp in Germany

The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp of Nazi Germans in Lower Saxony, Germany after liberation by British Army during World War II. A woman doctor, prisoner and in charge of the female section, describes conditions of the camp. She indicates there were no beds, little food and water a day. Epidemics of typhus spread. No medicine available. More than a thousand died daily. Various gynecologic experiments performed on girls around nineteen years of age. Guards in the men's camp took out liver and heart of dead men and ate them. Food and chocolates distributed by Red Cross just before British forces arrived. Medical experiments included giving heavy Benzene injections to the prisoners. Women liberated from the camp stand around her. Clip is part of Nuremberg Trials prosecution exhibit 230

Date: 1945, April 24
Duration: 3 min 9 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
American 8th Air Force Division bombs gasoline storage and munitions stockpiles in Uelzen, Germany during World War 2

United States 8th Air Force Division attacks gasoline storage and munitions depot areas in Uelzen, Germany, in northeast Lower Saxony. U.S. Army Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress bombers fly in formation and are seen as they drop bombs to destroy targets. World War II gun camera footage shows bombs away view as bombs drop emitting a vapor trail. Bombs impact. An dramatic, enormous explosion is seen among the many explosions.

Date: 1945, February 22
Duration: 1 min 24 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
British Operation Backfire. A V-2 rocket lifts off from a launch pad in Altenwalde/Cuxhaven, Germany.

At the end of World War 2, in a military-scientific endeavor called Operation Backfire, German rocket troops, under British control, built and test-fired three V-2 missiles at the former German naval station in Altenwalde, a district of Cuxhaven in Lower Saxony near the North Sea.. A V-2 rocket is seen igniting on its launch pad, rising into the air, and entering the stratosphere at a speed of 5 thousand kilometers per hour. Views of the rocket in flight. Finally, as the experiment ends, the V-2 shuts down and falls to the earth. (This footage is rare as it contains extra scenes not found in the official Operation Backfire Report film summary. It is also formatted for post-war German audiences.)

Date: 1945, October
Duration: 1 min 17 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Germany prepares to defend Fortress City of Breslau in Lower Silesia, Germany (now Poland) against Soviets in World War II

The city of Breslau being fortified and prepared to defend against surrounding soviet forces in January, 1945, World War 2. Armed sentries patrolling the city streets. Snow on ground in some places. Poster announces the situation and requests cooperation of all Men, women, and children (over the age of 10). A poster being nailed to a pole, showing a defender with a panzerfaust anti-tank weapon confronting a tank. German soldiers shouldering panzerhaust on patrol in the snow. Closeup of insignia on sleeves on defenders' overcoats reading,"Volkssturm Wehrmacht." Men on defensive barricades. Others hauling material for defenses in wheel barrows. Tram cars being overturned and placed as impediments to invading forces. Closeup of Karl August Hanke, Gauleiter of Silesia, the city's Battle Commander (Kampfkommandant), mingling with other officers, and various groups of defenders. Hatless, he shakes hands with a defender who is dressed in heavy white cold weather coat. A car riding on road laced with tram tracks. view from inside the car of streets, building, and barriers contrived from overturned vehicles. Tram cars being set up as barriers. View from inside a defensive position, of a woman and man walking in the snow. Men setting up boxes of explosives and hooking them up to detonators along railroad tracks on a bridge. Closeups of the boxes and detonators. The charges are ignited and a large destructive explosion results raising dust and smoke. Civilian inhabitants of Breslau, under orders to evacuate, are seen leaving the city with their belongings. Some ride in army trucks, others use any means available to transport their belongings, including , wagons, bicycles, carts, and even baby carriages. As they leave, German soldiers including Volkssturm (Peoples' Militia) enter to reinforce the city defenses, Views of the reinforcements, some carrying panzerfaust anti-tank weapons, but most shouldering rifles as they march into the city. Cases of small arms being offloaded from army trucks to supply the reinforcements. A Goliath, SdKfz. 303 remote controlled tracked mine is seen scurrying across the ground as soldiers watch it in operation. A contingent of Volkssturm carrying panzerfaust weapons. City defenders setting up a large artillery field piece. A supply train carrying heavy armor and artillery to the city. A Hertzer tank destroyer being maneuvered into position with other armor on a dirt road. A line of Panther tanks on a roadway behind supply trucks. Closeup of one with crew members visible. Scene shifts to a dirt airfield where a German Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109 aircraft is taking off. It is followed by several Focke-Wulf Fw 190 aircraft. Some raise considerable dust during takeoff. Closeup of one passing the camera on takeoff. Next, one is seen nosing over in the soft dirt of the airfield. But the pilot manages to right it again and continue the takeoff. Some Messerschmitt Bf 109 aircraft taking off in the dust. German airmen look up to watch the departing airplanes. Aircraft are barely seen in distance above, possibly engaged in dogfights with Soviet aircraft. Blsck smoke rising from Soviet bombing or shelling. Soldier on the airfield, shouldering a panzerfaust, looks skyward, with a comrade. View of sky shows aircraft engaged above, but barely discernible. White smoke rises from the ground, possibly from a crashed airplane.

Date: 1945
Duration: 3 min 56 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
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