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Luneburg Germany 1945 stock footage and images

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United States bomber planes bombard marshalling yards and railway installations in Luneburg, Germany

United States Air Force bombers of the 8th Air Force drop bombs to destroy marshalling yards and supporting railway installations in Luneburg,Germany. Bombs away view and bombs impact and smoke rises from targets in Luneburg, as seen from gun camera. (World War II period).

Date: 1945, February 22
Duration: 51 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Mob uprisings against Fascists in Europe, during the end of World War II. The Third Moscow Conference of the Allied occupying powers. The Belsen trials.

A mob, seeking revenge against Fascist leaders, fills a city square. They pound on steel gates of a government building. Soldiers and police attempt to protect various persons from the mobs. Others are unprotected and suffer beatings and death. Bodies of Benito Mussolini and his Mistress Clara Petacci are seen hung upside down by Italian Partisans in Milan, Italy, on 28 April 1945. Scene shifts to image of postwar occupying powers, United States, Soviet Union, and Great Britain, whose flags are displayed in the center of a conference table during the Third Moscow Conference. Principals signing agreements, in November, 1943, providing, among other things, for lawful and orderly trials of war criminals, following World War 2. Seen signing are: Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov; U.S. Secretary of State, Cordell Hull; and British foreign Secretary, Sir Anthony Eden. View of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, leading a contingent of American wartime Generals on a mission to document Nazi atrocities at liberated German concentration camps. Closeup of a man directing local German citizens who were forced to observe the horrors of the camp. Closeup of an oven used to dispose of bodies of victims. Dead bodies of concentration camp victims strewn in a heap. A room filled with documentary evidence to be analyzed and used in war crimes trials. the body of German General Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg , and of Heinrich Himmler, both of whom committed suicide. A hand holding cyanide capsules. Body of Leipzig City Council deputy mayor Dr. Ernst Kurt Lisso slumped over his desk, following suicide. Body of his daughter, Regina Lisso also a suicide victim. Nazi war criminals being rounded up by Allied military.One being carried on a stretcher. Another, a German officer, is taken into custody. Next, Josef Kramer, the Commandant of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is seen under guard by a British soldier. British soldiers guarding the court room of the second Belsen trial, convened by the Allied occupational forces, in the Gymnasium building of Luneburg. View of the courtroom with defendants wearing numbers. Closeup of numbers 1 and 2, Josef Kramer, and Fritz Klein, respectively. View of Allied military officers sitting in judgment. Closeups of women defendants, including Irma Grese (number 9) and Elisabeth Volkenrath (number 11). Camera pans around the courtroom.

Date: 1945
Duration: 2 min 40 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Nazi war criminals of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp are tried at British Military Tribunal in Luneburg, Germany.

Nazi war criminals attend British Military Tribunal in Luneburg, Germany. Nazi war criminal and Commandant of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp Josef Kramer is marched to a British Military Tribunal at Lunenburg. Kramer's chief assistant Fraulein Irma Grese arrives with other women. The 35 accused men and women wear identifying numbers in court sessions. Number two is German doctor Fritz Klein who is responsible for countless deaths. Corpses piled up at Bergen-Belson camp after its liberation.

Date: 1945
Duration: 1 min 16 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Wedding of Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia and Prince Ernest Augustus of Brunswick- Luneburg, in Berlin, Germany

Various scenes, not necessarily in chronological order, associated with the wedding of Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, daughter of Kaiser Wilhelm II, and Prince Ernest Augustus of Brunswick- Luneburg, son of the Duke and Duchess of Cumberland on 24 May, 1913, in Berlin, Germany. King George V of England enters a royal coach followed by Kaiser Wilhelm II. Footman places carriage robe over their legs and they depart, followed by a mounted military rider escort. Another royal coach arrives immediately and Empress Auguste Victoria (Augusta Victoria) of Germany and her daughter, Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia, step into it. The coach moves away. View of many men in formal military uniforms on walkway behind. More carriages arriving as many ladies emerge from passageway to the walkway in the background. Princess Viktoria Luise, and Prince Ernest Augustus enter a motorcar. Contingents of mounted German Guards Cuirassiers lead the way for the royal coaches carrying King George V of England and Kaiser Wilhelm II, and Empress Auguste Victoria and Princess Victoria Louise. More contingents of mounted German Guards Cuirassiers follow behind.

Date: 1913, May 24
Duration: 2 min 42 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
History of Berlin before and after World War II showing zones of occupation and poor living conditions post-war.

Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. View of Berlin in 1920s and 1930 decades. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Point of view shot driving through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets in 1930s. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins in Spring 1945 as occupying Allied tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amid ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, buckets, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over-crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with German civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
United States and Russian troops in Germany after World war 2; division of West Germany and East Germany

Bomb damaged and ruined buildings of Nazi Germany in 1945, including the Reichstag. Nazi Eagle symbol of Third Reich pulled down from building and crashes to the ground at end of World War 2. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population lines sidewalks and watches them parade. Sign on a shop reads "Gaststatte Schosser." Many buildings in view are damaged or destroyed from bomb attacks during World War 2. American soldiers occupying German give candy to German children who at first hide from them. Nazi leaders including Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, seen on trial in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. women and children trying to gather wood from stumps of trees for fuel. A woman sawing a log. Women and children scraping food from inside trash cans and refuse bins, to stay alive during scarcity and shortages after the war. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children in relief lines. Close up of a smiling boy as he receives food or drink. Soviet Russian Army soldiers occupying East Berlin and marching in formation. Russians removing an industrial lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany as the Soviet Union continues to strip Germany of resources after the war. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Views of empty streets and heavily damaged buildings of Berlin after the end of the war. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. View of Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. Leaders seen meeting inside include American General Joseph T. McNarney, French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig), Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov,. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. View of Spandau Prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet and American troops drill and march on the grounds of Spandau Prison. An American soldier relieves a Soviet soldier at a watch post. Soviet blockade of West Berlin begins in June 1948. View of a man shutting down power in a power plant and lights going dark in Berlin. Blackout conditions in Berlin during the blockade. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. Germans exchange goods in black market setting. A man plants vegetables in view of the Brandenburg Gate. The Berlin Airlift operations underway. U.S. Air Force C-54 aircraft flying low and arriving in Berlin, bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. U.S. military forces unloading relief supplies and food from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being unloaded from airplanes. German children gather on a hill and watch low-flying American airlift planes as they approach to land at Tempelhof Aerodrome in Berlin. An Air Force airman throws a package out of the aircraft. It is a very small parachute with candy that drops from the American airplane to the waiting children. Children run to retrieve it and they share and eat the candy. Blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. View of railroad tracks being re-linked, a locomotive running on tracks, and trains cross between East and West Berlin. Ships loading goods onto trains for Berlin. A coal processing factory running again in Germany. German workers producing industrial parts and goods again in production factories. West German construction workers rebuilding structures in West Germany. German people cast votes, establishing Federated German Republic (West Germany). Figures seen include U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer, President of the new German Republic, together in Bonn, Germany. Soviet Russian troops marching on parade in East Germany. East German workers rioting in 1953, in protest of increased production quotas. Soviet forces in armored vehicles patrol the streets and disperse the crowd. A large electronic billboard banner flashes West German messages and propaganda to those who can view it in East Berlin. Citizen refugees from East Germany arriving in a processing center in West Germany, carrying bags and luggage. East German refugees laying on the ground on blankets in a crowded immigration processing center of West Germany. A woman irons clothes in the immigration center, while a child plays with dolls.

Date: 1949
Duration: 7 min 36 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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