Scenes of Spanish civil war. Map depicts road from Madrid to village of Fuenteduena (aka Fuentiduena), and surrounding area. Towns of Aranjuez and Arganda, as well as the Tagus River are shown.Arrow points to spot on Jarama River, 25 miles from Fuenteduena. Republican soldiers climb a hill. They organize supplies and ammunition at a defensive position in the hillside. Several walk silhouetted against the sky as sound of machine gun fire is heard in background. Repubican troops hunkered down in grass, discussing the situation. Closeup of two in conversation. Change of scene show soldier using field radio to communicate. Glimpse of farmland at village of Fuenteduena. Soldiers using periscopic binoculars to view battlefield. Others carrying ammunition and a gun crew firing a field artillery piece. Spanish Republican officer conversing with others on a hill overlooking orchard below and battlefield beyond. More firing of artillery piece.
Fascist Rebel bombardment of Madrid, during Spanish Civil War, angers population and promotes recruitment into the Republican Army. A group of men march down a street with a small boy, who appears to be in boy scout uniform, in the front rank, carrying a flag. Recruits are seen being organized into marching groups. Sidewalk in front of a railroad station is filled with new recruits. They march under direction of Republican soldiers. Motorcade of automobiles carrying Manuel Azana Diaz, President of Spain, stops surrounded by an enthusiastic crowd, in Valencia. The President steps from his car, enters a building, and delivers a speech emphasizing the democratic election of the government and decrying the need to defend it and the soil of Spain from fascist rebels. Scene shifts to several men in rural area, discussing the need to complete new irrigation projects in time for new defense of Madrid. They already have their pump and must build the pump house. One man types on a typewriter while another sketches the plan to pump water from the Rio Tajo (Tagus River), to irrigate crops. View of horse-drawn wagon loaded with cement for construction. Two men discussion construction plans. Masons using rudimentary methods to erect a pump house. Later view of pump house as men work on the roof. Men digging irrigationl canal from the river and upward toward the agricultural fields. A soldier who hitched a ride on a truck, jumps off. View of a letter he wrote a few days ago, on May 4th. He arrives at his house and is greeted by his mother. Farmers trimming plants in field to be irrigated. A boy calls one of them, his father, to come home.
Animated map shows the front line of battle, between Republican and Nationalist forces, running West of Madrid from West Park through University City, during the Spanish Civil War. Camera pans across landscape, from a high vantage point, and then focuses on buildings of University City, where Nationalist forces have taken up positions in a palace with two pointed towers, and near a ruined clinical hospital. Republican troops are seen entering through a gate at the hospital, where the bearded Brigade Commander Jesús Martínez de Aragón is seen consulting with his staff. (Narrator notes that he died in the attack on the Casa del Campo soon after this scene was filmed.) Views of sandbagged buildings inside the hospital compound. The Brigade Commander is seen with some of his soldiers, while rebels are trying to move further into the clinic compound. His soldiers take up defensive positions inside clinic buildings, carrying heavy arms up the stairs. Republican defenders firing machine guns from inside the building, and moving through rubble to other positions. Views inside the clinic and sound of glass breaking. Continuous sound of machine gun fire. Two soldiers fire through a small hole in a concrete wall. View, from Republican defensive position, of a battle-scarred multistory building across the way. One of the soldiers writing a letter home (dated May 4, 1937). Another soldier rolls a cigarette.
Scene opens showing the fly leaf of the book Don Quixote, De La Mancha. A hand flips to another illustrated page. Then camera focuses on statues of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza on the memorial to author, Cervantes, by sculptor Lorenzo Coullaut Valera, on the Plaza Espana, in Madrid. Next is shown a building partially destroyed by shelling. Citizens of Madrid are seen working to place protective walls around important monuments and buildings in the city. Masons work on the reinforcing walls, while citizens are seen busily going about their affairs in background. Several soldiers march into a guarded fortified area. A truck drives on a street, past a woman and small children sitting on some rubble. A streetcar moves along a street along with a horse-drawn covered wagon, and pedestrians, making their way past a long masonry protective wall. Two armed Republican soldiers ride on the roof of a bus. A Red Cross flag hangs beneath a Metro sign, above steps leading down into the subway. A long line of people waiting to buy vegetables at a small store. Masking tape crisscrossing the window of a shop to help proctect it. Pedestrians filling the sidewalks of a street walled by tall apartment buildings and shops. Some rubble in the street from rebel Nationalist shelling. A policeman armed with a rifle, directing pedestrians to move along. The covered body of a civilian lying amidst rubble from shelling, on a sidewalk. A Municipal Services truck pulling up to the spot. The city workers place the body in a wooden coffin and put it into their truck. A large poster urges all civlians to evacuate Madrid. View from moving vehicle of huge crowds of civilians on the sidewalks. A horse-drawn wagon, loaded down with household goods, moves along the street. Women carry bedsprings past stone bunkers. People standing about, with bundles of personal belongings, apparently waiting for transport of some sort. Women and children, with their belongings, being helped aboard a truck. The truck driving away.
Various locations in Madrid , Spain. A map shows location of Spain. View of the capital city, Madrid, in Spain. The "Puerta del Sol", the center of Madrid, and starting point of the Spanish national road network. Exteriors of the "Museo del Prado", one of the world's leading art galleries, and the statue of the painter Velazquez.. View of pond and surroundings in the park of "Buen Retiro", a famous garden in the center of Madrid.
The Spanish Civil War. Republican (Government) forces moving forward to engage Nationalist (Rebel) forces in the battle of Jarama during the Spanish Civil War. Black smoke rising where shells burst from Nationalist artillery on the heights of La Maranosa. Republican infantry moving across a field. A rebel shell bursting close to the camera. Republican soldier rendering first aid and bandaging the face of a wounded comrade. A Russian T-26 tank moving towards the rear on a dirt road, where troops carry wounded on stretchers and place them into field ambulances. Wounded being treated by medics. Wounded sitting on the ground. Two soldiers rushing a wounded away on a litter. Medic treating face wound of a soldier. Various scenes of wounded being treated and evacuated. Field ambulance driving away with wounded on board. View through trees of a building and one span of the Arganda bridge over Jarama river. Next, the entire Arganda bridge is seen with Republican troops dug in defensive positions. View of troops firing rifles from those positions, and Nationalist (rebel) shells bursting nearby. Defenders firing machine gun at rebels. More scenes of shells bursting and smoke rising. The Republican tricolor flag waving in the breeze as narrator states that the counterattack has been successful. Camera pans battlefield. Soldiers gathering up equipment underneath span of the bridge. Vehicles moving over the Madrid-Valencia road, with Republican forces in control of the Jarama valley in that area, for the time being. Scene shifts to barefoot farm boy using a mattock to open way for water to flow from river into irrigation sluice to water local crops. View of the sluice. Water flowing in the fields and farmers directing its flow. Civilian and military traffic on the Valencia road. Troops and a black and white dog riding on a T-26 tank. Closeup of Republican soldier aiming and firing his rifle. Water moving to irrigate parched farm field. (Note: Scenes from film "Spanish Earth," ddirected by Joris Iven)