The first memorial erected to commemorate U.S.prisoners of war executed by the Nazis during the battle of the bulge (mostly elements of the American 285th Field Artillery Observation Battalion (FAOB), executed by the Kampfgruppe Peiper (part of the 1st SS Panzer Division). This was also known as the Massacre at Baugnez, or the Malmedy Massacre. A wooden cross and a sign reading 'USA - Belgium. To the prisoners of war of overseas who liberated the East districts and were the victims of Nazis cruelty." The wooden cross at the monument to commemorate the massacre of 115 American prisoners at Baugnez on December 17th 1944 during the Battle of Bulge, in World War 2.
Map points to Allied positions during Battle of the Bulge. British soldiers walk in a trench on the prong of the attack south of La Roche en Ardenne (La Roche-en-Ardenne or sometimes just Laroche). Trench in the snow covered area. British soldiers wear warm clothes and try to stay warm in the trench. British soldier knocks hole in ice and draws water into a bucket. British soldiers wash and shave with the freezing water. They heat water and use it to make cups of tea. They move on tanks to location where British and American forces meet and greet. The soldiers talk amongst themselves. On 14 January 1945 armored recce cars of the 2nd Derbyshire Yeomanry, 51st Highland Division, meet GI's of the 347th Infantry, 87th U.S. Infantry Division, near Ortheuville. The first link up between troops of VIII Corps and British 30 Corps. Another encounter between British soldiers, dressed in white camouflage smocks, with Americans of the 87th U.S. Infantry Division at Champlon. Later that same day. Field Marshal Montgomery wearing a new beret, commands the northern forces. British soldiers advance on a roadway and supplies move on vehicles. Houses in the background. U.S. 3rd Army soldiers shovel snow during a blizzard, clearing the way for trucks with supplies and mail to pass. Large tractors with snow plow attachments clear snow. On January 14, 1945, American forces gently sweep snow from the bodies of American soldiers at Malmedy who had surrendered to the Germans a month prior but were then massacred. (These were mostly U.S. forces of the American 285th Field Artillery Observation Battalion) German prisoners of war look on apprehensively as the Americans uncover the victims of the Malmedy Massacre. American soldiers look at from a snow covered hillside into the village of Houffalize in Belgium. A twisted sign for Houffalize is seen, and wreckage and destruction in the town. Close views of wrecked and burned homes in Houffalize. Destroyed tanks with one tipped in a river
Activities of U.S. troops in Malmedy sector, Belgium. Jeep passes away. Soldiers observe the 50 caliber machine guns and 90 mm AA gun in roadblock in forest. Soldiers talk near 90 mm AA gun. Engineers place TNT (Trinitrotoluene) charges to blow up bridge if necessary in Malmedy sector, Belgium. Civilians in city cross bridge. Engineers place TNT charges over bridge. GIs come outside with German prisoner of war and get into jeep of Military Police. Jeep passes away.
The United States Army on the Western Front during World War II. A map depicts Allied offensives at Malmedy, Houffalize and Bastogne. New reinforcements for the 134th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. 35th Infantry Division are briefed by an officer near Bastogne, Belgium, on January 10, 1945. Aerial view of tanks and infantry of the U.S. 6th Armored Division moving across a snow-covered barren landscape as they attack German troops in Belgium West of the Luxembourg border. Officers observe through binoculars. U.S. patrols of 1st and 3rd United States Armies meet on January 16 as they capture Houffalize. View of bombed out buildings in Houffalize on January 18.. U.S. troops occupy Houfflaize. A damaged German Pz.III tank on a street and an overturned Panther tank with a hole in its underside in a river. The troops walk along bombed out buildings in Houffalize.
Map shows Allied army drives on Germany in World War 2. Smoke rising from ruins. An American Army engineer douses a fire. In the ruins of Malmedy, Belgium, a sign reads: "Tower Room Malamedy, Protestant Church." Map shows Bastogne. Some of 400 C-47transport aircraft resupply flights are seen in the air. They airdrop food and ammunition to troops in the snow at Bastogne. U.S. gliders, that brought medical assistance, are seen on the snow-covered ground. Aerial view snow covered town. View of food bundles and supplies. Elements of General Patton's 3rd Army arriving to break through German lines and reach the embattled 101st Airborne at Bastogne. Dead and captured German soldiers. Destroyed tanks and equipment. Later (January, 1945) Commander of the 101st Airborne Division, Major General Maxwell Davenport Taylor congratulates Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe for his defense of Bastogne. American troops in Bastogne find time to rest up and smile for the camera.
German troops of KG Peiper advance in Malmedy, Belgium. A map points out Belgium, Germany and France. Camouflaged German StuGIII Assault Guns advance. Flamethrowers used. German soldiers fire at American positions and bombard. German soldiers pass by a U.S. Army motor convoy in flames near Malmedy. The United States prisoners of war in the town under German guard. Red Cross personnel examine the bound bodies of U.S. POW's and, separately, of Belgian civilians massacred by the German troops near Malmedy (the so called Malmedy Massacre). The dead are buried in a common grave. Wrecked houses and buildings. News headline reads: '3rd Army deep in Germany'. Blazing supply depots left by the retreating United States forces. U.S. artillery and antiaircraft guns fired point blank at the advancing German tanks. The U.S. tank guns and machine guns fire over the snowy battlefield. Smoke arises from firing. U.S. and German aircraft engage in dog fights. Contrails across sky. General Eisenhower visits troops at the front. News headlines about Russians smashing German lines and 40 Japanese ships sunk. Views of dead U.S. soldiers on Belgian battlefield.