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Manila Philippines 1944 stock footage and images

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The Philippines gains independence from the United States on July 4, 1946

The Philippines are established as an independent nation. Crowds of Filipinos gathered at Rizal Park (Luneta Park) in Manila on the July 4, 1946. View of Independence Grandstand (a temporary structure built in front of the Rizal Monument) with American flag and Philippine flags on tall flag poles.. View looking down on General Douglas MacArthur at a podium, speaking into microphones. Camera pans over various segments of the audience. A map shows the Philippine Islands in context of its neighbors in the Pacific Ocean. Camera pans closeup across faces of many Filipinos gathered at the independence event. View of the Jones Bridge over the Pasig River in downtown Manila. Heacock’s Department Store on the Escolta.The Legislative Building. (later the National Museum of the Philippines). Ocean going ships in a harbor. Cargo being offloaded from a ship onto smaller boat. An industrial complex with eight tall smoke stacks emitting smoke. Steel and petroleum plants. Filipino workers in an assembly plant. The Legislative building with people coming and going. Air raid sirens sounding and people running in streets of Manila at onset of Japanese invasion of the Philippines in December, 1941, at start of World War 2, in the Pacific.People running across the Jones Bridge, seeking shelter. Others boarding a bus. Smoke rising from Japanese bombing. Glimpse of Japaese tanks entering Manila. Japanese infantry climbing a hill. Bodies of persons killed during the Japanese invasion. Glimpse of Japanese troops occupying Corregidor. U.S. General Wainright negotiating the surrender of Corrigidor with Japanese General Homma. View of an American warship firing during the U.S. campaign to defeat the Japanese on islands in the Pacific. An American landing ship carrying U.S. troops who storm ashore. General Douglas MacArthur striding ashore with a retinue of officers, at Leyte, Philippines, on October 20, 1944. as he keeps his promise to return to the Philippines. Views, back again, to MacArthur speaking at the Independence Day ceremony in Manila on July 4, 1946. Also seen at the ceremony are: U.S.Senator Millard Tydings, (co-sponsor of the 1934 Tydings–McDuffie Act, which provided independence to the Philippines after a 10-year transition under a limited autonomy), and Paul V. McNutt, U.S. High Commissioner of the Philippines, who read President Truman's proclamation of Philippine Independence to the assembly. Camera pans over the gathering which includes many U.S. Service personnel in uniform. The oath of office is administered to the elected President of the Philippines, Manuel Roxas. At the conclusion, the American flag is lowered by Paul McNutt, as President Roxas raises that of the Republic of the Philippines. A celebratory parade in Manila includes a float with signs reading: "Let's Produce and Rebuild," among other things. Other floats represent "Mountain Province," and "The City of Manila," "The University of the Philippines," and "The Division of City Schools." One float, sponsored by the Chamber of Commerce, contains a huge replica machine gear, and models of an aircraft and a ship. It's message is about turning the gear that helps make the nation great. American and Filipino soldiers march, carrying their respective national flags. A white-helmeted military band plays for the marchers. Final scene shows large loose formation of military aircraft in flight very high above the Independence Grandstand, at Rizal Park.

Date: 1946
Duration: 5 min 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Under General Douglas MacArthur command the Allied troops capture Leyte Islands from the Japanese.

The life of General Douglas MacArthur. MacArthur on captured islands in the Pacific theater. Gen. Douglas confers and walks with other commanders. Animated map shows Allied advance from New Guinea Islands towards the Philippine Islands. General Douglas in conference with President Roosevelt, and Admiral Nimitz. MacArthur points at a map and explains his plan of action. In accordance to the plan the Allied convoy sails towards Leyte Islands. Fight at the islands. Behind naval bombardment the allied troops land on the island. MacArthur's face is iluminated by intermittent light from Naval Gunfire at night as he watches the landing from a battleship. In daylight, MacArthur on deck with with a three-star general, as he smokes his corn cob pipe. Allied troops establish a beachead on Leyte. General MacArthur gets off an Landing ship and wades ashore. Allied troops move towards Manila. Block-by-block fighting against Japanese forces in Manila. American paratroops jump and land on Corregidor. MacArthur and his staff stroll down a street in Manila. He visits the prison camps and speaks with joyful former prisonersof the Japanese. MacArthur salutes as the American Flag is raised over Corregidor. Image of atomic explosion. MacArthur gets off a plane wearing 5 stars. Scenes of Japanese surrender ceremony aboard the Battleship Missouri. MacArthur gives an address to conclude the proceedings. (World War II period).

Date: 1944
Duration: 7 min 14 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Montage of scenes related to Fall of Corregidor, the Bataan Death March, POWs and destruction of manila, in World War II

World War 2 scenes related to the Philippines. Opening shot shows Japanese troops unceremoniously taking down American flag, followed by superimposed images of Japanese soldiers boots trampling over U.S. flags. Next, U.S. Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright with members of his staff, are seen seated at a table in the Japanese headquarters building on Bataan to discuss surrender with General Masaharu Homma, Commander of the 14th Japanese Imperial Army. Homma has has General Wachi at his left and Colonel Nakayama, to his right. Repetition of the superimposed Japanese army boots trampling American flags. Next, U.S. defenders of Corregidor are seen surrendering to Japanese troops, and then being marched under guard to Mariveles, where the infamous Death March commenced. Several views of the American and Filipino prisoners marching under guard. Glimpse of American combat helmets piled up in a heap. Views of the POWs without helmets, using white cloths over their heads to protect from the sun. Huge numbers of POWs held in an open area for the night, and then marching again during the day. One who had fainted is carried in a blanket by several others. Illustrations of POWs being tortured by Japanese soldiers. Views of two POWs, who died during the march, lying on the ground. Next scene shows emaciated POWs being freed by American soldiers,from a Japanese prison camp. American soldiers speaking with another group is a section of prison behind a sign reading: "Dysentary, Keep Out." Undernourished prisoners eating a meal. One smoking a cigarette. Aerial view showing large swaths of Manila, Philippines, destroyed by Japanese forces retreating from advancing American forces. Smoke rising along a line of destruction in the background. Bodies of numerous Filipinos lying amid rubble in the streets of Manila. Many have hands tied behind their backs. Glimpse of dead children. Cadres of Japanese soldiers raising victory cheers. New Japanese conscripts in large formations during military training. Japanese naval trainees in white uniforms, waving their hats. Huge crowd of Japanese people cheering, followed by view of Emperor Hirohito, in Army uniform, saluting as he stands on a balcony. Cheering Japanese people, at a rally in a stadium.

Date: 1944
Duration: 4 min 10 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Japanese 1931 aggression in Manchuria condemned by the League of Nations. Continued Japanese aggression in the Pacific, through World War II

Japanese international activities during 1931-1945. Opening scene shows Japanese troops embarking on ships bound for an invasion of Manchuria, in 1931. Officers walking on the dock, amongst the departing troops. Scenes of explosions and destruction. Views of Shanghai during Japanese attacks in 1937. Destroyed buildings. Civilian dead lying in the streets. Japanese soldiers racing along a street in a three wheeled motorcycle vehicle. Change of scene shows Japanese diplomat Yosuke Matsuoka addressing a League of Nations meeting in 1933, after that body adopted a report blaming Japan for events in Manchuria. He objects to that action and then leads his delegation in walking out of the meeting. View of Japanese delegates in top hats and bowler hats exiting the building. Scene shifts to Japanese forces firing artillery and machine guns in Manchuria.They wave large Japanese flag victoriously after a battle. The next scene shows Italian forces occupying Ethiopia and raising the flag of the Kingdom of Italy, as Italian troops salute, presenting arms of rifles with fixed bayonets. Axis leaders celebrate the 1940 Tripartite Pact between German, Italy and Japan. The festivities take place in a hall displaying the three nation's flags on the walls. A large number of persons attend including Japan's Prime Minister, General Hideki Tojo, seen with two celebrants. Scene reverts to Chinese people trying to escape from invading Japanese forces. The refugees carry their belongings as they flee. Occasional shell burst is seen among advancing Japanese troops as Chinese soldiers put up resistance. Chinese soldiers firing artillery. In the U.S., Japanese envoys Kichisaburō Nomura and Saburō Kurusu are seen walking together into a building and entering a room inside. Next, are views of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, with huge plumes of smoke obscuring the bombed U.S. battleships in the harbor. U.S. battleships in line formation in the Pacific during World War 2. Aerial view of U.S. warships moving in parallel. British ships augmenting the U.S. warships. Naval guns firing. U.S. amphibious assaults on Japanese held islands in the Pacific. Prisoners of the Japanese who suffered in the Philippines. General Douglas MacArthur mingling with former prisoners and internees upon his return to Manila in 1944. Aerial views of Iwo Jima. Naval bombardment and amphibious assault of Iwo Jima. Numerous fallen Japanese soldiers. The iconic flag raising by U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima. View of Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. during the campaign on Okinawa, where he was killed in action. A Soldier being carried on a stretcher. Another throwing a hand grenade. U.S. soldier firing at a Japanese defender who falls out of his bunker. Large numbers of japanese prisoners of war assembled in a field. Japanese Kamikaze attacking U.S. warships off Okinawa. The sky filled with antiaircraft flak clouds. View of 40mm Bofors antiaircraft cannon firing and a Japanese plane falling and exploding on impact in the ocean.

Date: 1945
Duration: 5 min 5 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
The Japanese Army parades in victory through Manila, Philippines and a crowd cheers and releases balloons.

A film depicts Japanese invasion and occupation of the Philippine Islands during World War II. Japanese Army parades in victory through Manila. Japanese troops holding the Japanese flag parade. A band plays music. The troops march. Filipino policewomen march. Japanese Military Commander of the Philippines General Masaharu Homma sits on a reviewing stand holding a samurai sword and reviews the parade. Students of different departments of the University of the Philippines parade. A banner reads 'Manila Department Store'. Philippines General Hospital personnel, Thai and Indian students, University of Philippines students, and, members of Manila's German , Italian and Japanese community march by in review. Homma seated with officials. Homma speaks into a microphone. The Japanese flag is raised. Men on a platform take pictures. A crowd cheers and releases balloons. Aircraft in flight.

Date: 1942
Duration: 4 min 17 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Japanese
 
 
"Manila Hemp" trees (abacá plant) being processed for Manila Rope fiber in Davao, Phillipines

Production of Manila Hemp, also known as Manilla, in Davao, Philippines during World War II. A farm of Manila Hemp (the plant is actually the abacá plant or Musa textilis, a relative of the banana, then frequently used to make "Manila Rope". But the colloquial name for it at the time was Manila Hemp). Farmers cutting, stripping and drying Manila Hemp. A Japanese officer on the farm supervising. Manila Hemp loaded on a cart and taken to a shipping yard for shipping.

Date: 1943, January
Duration: 2 min 51 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: French
 
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