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Manila Philippines 1945 stock footage and images

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Units of United states 14th Corps capture Clark Field as they advance toward Manila, Philippines, during World War II

American troops in their drive toward Manila, in 1945, during World War 2, pass several knocked out and burning Japanese Type 89 Chi-Ro tanks. A dead Japanese soldier, shot dead while trying to commit suicide, lies on the ground with an undetonated hand grenade in his mouth. U.S. M4A2 sherman III tanks and infantry of the XIV Corps moving on the Lingayen Plains Philippines, leading to the capital, Manila. U.S. armor towing artillery ford a stream, as they pass beneath framework of an apparently unusable bridge. A battery of U.S. M101 105mm Howitzer artillery pieces is set up and bombards the Clark Field area. One striking shell produces an explosion, fire and column of black smoke. U.S. troops ride forward atop tanks. Glimpse of one soldier with flamethrower tanks on his back. American tanks firing their guns. Destroyed Japanese aircraft on the ground. A soldier using a mine detector to sweep the area. He signals to another soldier who comes to probe the area with a long knife. Next a soldier is seen standing in a hole dug around a bomb Placed nose up under the ground by the Japanese. Soldiers pull it from the hole, using a rope. U.S. soldiers walk in area full of similar holes and bombs pulled from them. General Douglas MacArthur is seen, on January 26, 1945, walking among remains of Japanese aircraft at Clark Field. He visits the Filipino cemetery at Camp O'Donnell, which was a prisoner of war camp, considered the terminating point of the Bataan Death March, where some 20 thousand Filipinos and almost 2 thousand Americans died during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. MacArthur is seen standing by a large Christian Cross monument, and walks among untended graves marked with small wooden crosses. The Mount Pinatubo volcano is seen on the horizon in the background. MacArthur and those accompanying him walk around a large monument containing a placard written in tagolog. U.S. soldiers start a mortar barrage against Japanese forces dug in on "Hill 70." Infantrymen move through trees and brush to flush out the entrenched enemy. Glimpse of type of improvised device made of explosives and gasoline, that U.S. soldiers are using to drive Japanese troops out of their fortifications. As a soldier watches with binoculars, the camera records several of these devices exploding with great force. Glimpse of a dead Japanese soldier on the ground. U.S. troops ride atop an M18 Gun motor carriage of the 637th Tank Destroyer Battalion, as it crosses a river. American tanks and infantry moving cautiously across a bridge as shells explode ahead of them. Tanks firing at Japanese troops entrenched in hillside above a road. Large numbers of American infantry marching along a road accompanied by tanks. Areas around them burning from fires set by retreating Japanese forces.

Date: 1945, January 26
Duration: 3 min 53 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes of Manila, Philippines, early during the Japanese occupation of World War II

A street corner in Manila after the Japanese invasion and occupation in World War 2. Closeup of the statue of St. Anthony with a woman and child, in front of the Church of St. Francis, Church of Our Lady of Angels, Intramuros, Manila, Philippines. Camera pans down over the statue. View from above, at a short distance, of parishioners going in and out of the church. (This church was destroyed in the battle of Manila, 1945, but the statue survived.) A Japanese sign outside of a building. View inside the building, where many school children are seen walking through an exhibit of artwork and other displays of school projects. . Closeup of one drawing on display, depicting a Spanish Toreador. Several displays of Japanese calligraphy. A model of two small structures. Closeup of several school boys interested in small objects on display. A group of school girls at exhibits of clothing designs and patterns. A cartoon sign in the building, in Japanese but mostly in English. It shows two small girls and a boy in different exercise poses and two ducks walking past them near their feet. The sign announces "Daily Calisthenics on the air." It also reads: "Health First" and "Mass exercise at Luneta Park." A man conducts calisthenics in the open in front of a rotunda. Jouge B. Vargas, chairman of the Japanese-sponsored Philippine Executive Commission, sits inside the rotunda observing a vast field filled with school children following the lead of the exercise director, as they perform calisthenics. The Rizal Monument is seen far in the background. Some closeups of the children as they exercise. Wide view of the children organized in lines across the field. The Luneta Hotel is seen in the background..

Date: 1942
Duration: 1 min 44 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Japanese
 
 
Runup to Yokohama War Crimes Trial of Kuroda and others; Clips of Trial of General Yamashita in Manila 1945

First part deals with Allied war crimes trials of Japanese defendants in Yokohama. Second part is Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita on trial for war crimes in Manila, Philippines. . Few Military soldiers talk to each other at a camp. Few views of Japanese Generals under trials for war crimes. General Yamashita brought for the trial. General Yamashita enters a court in Manila for the trial. A interior view of the trial court. General R Reynolds presides the trial session. General Yamashita sits on a chair at his trial. A member of the trial court reads a document. Lawyers give their points during the session. General Yamashita is taken out after the trial session in court.

Date: 1945, November
Duration: 1 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
The Philippines gains independence from the United States on July 4, 1946

The Philippines are established as an independent nation. Crowds of Filipinos gathered at Rizal Park (Luneta Park) in Manila on the July 4, 1946. View of Independence Grandstand (a temporary structure built in front of the Rizal Monument) with American flag and Philippine flags on tall flag poles.. View looking down on General Douglas MacArthur at a podium, speaking into microphones. Camera pans over various segments of the audience. A map shows the Philippine Islands in context of its neighbors in the Pacific Ocean. Camera pans closeup across faces of many Filipinos gathered at the independence event. View of the Jones Bridge over the Pasig River in downtown Manila. Heacock’s Department Store on the Escolta.The Legislative Building. (later the National Museum of the Philippines). Ocean going ships in a harbor. Cargo being offloaded from a ship onto smaller boat. An industrial complex with eight tall smoke stacks emitting smoke. Steel and petroleum plants. Filipino workers in an assembly plant. The Legislative building with people coming and going. Air raid sirens sounding and people running in streets of Manila at onset of Japanese invasion of the Philippines in December, 1941, at start of World War 2, in the Pacific.People running across the Jones Bridge, seeking shelter. Others boarding a bus. Smoke rising from Japanese bombing. Glimpse of Japaese tanks entering Manila. Japanese infantry climbing a hill. Bodies of persons killed during the Japanese invasion. Glimpse of Japanese troops occupying Corregidor. U.S. General Wainright negotiating the surrender of Corrigidor with Japanese General Homma. View of an American warship firing during the U.S. campaign to defeat the Japanese on islands in the Pacific. An American landing ship carrying U.S. troops who storm ashore. General Douglas MacArthur striding ashore with a retinue of officers, at Leyte, Philippines, on October 20, 1944. as he keeps his promise to return to the Philippines. Views, back again, to MacArthur speaking at the Independence Day ceremony in Manila on July 4, 1946. Also seen at the ceremony are: U.S.Senator Millard Tydings, (co-sponsor of the 1934 Tydings–McDuffie Act, which provided independence to the Philippines after a 10-year transition under a limited autonomy), and Paul V. McNutt, U.S. High Commissioner of the Philippines, who read President Truman's proclamation of Philippine Independence to the assembly. Camera pans over the gathering which includes many U.S. Service personnel in uniform. The oath of office is administered to the elected President of the Philippines, Manuel Roxas. At the conclusion, the American flag is lowered by Paul McNutt, as President Roxas raises that of the Republic of the Philippines. A celebratory parade in Manila includes a float with signs reading: "Let's Produce and Rebuild," among other things. Other floats represent "Mountain Province," and "The City of Manila," "The University of the Philippines," and "The Division of City Schools." One float, sponsored by the Chamber of Commerce, contains a huge replica machine gear, and models of an aircraft and a ship. It's message is about turning the gear that helps make the nation great. American and Filipino soldiers march, carrying their respective national flags. A white-helmeted military band plays for the marchers. Final scene shows large loose formation of military aircraft in flight very high above the Independence Grandstand, at Rizal Park.

Date: 1946
Duration: 5 min 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Surrender of Japan, ending World War II

View of first atomic explosion (Trinity) on July 16, 1945, at New Mexico, United States. View of the battleship, USS Missouri, in Tokyo Bay, Japan, with entire ship's company on deck in dress whites, Japanese military high command and several formally dressed Japanese diplomats standing on the ship's deck. Brief closeup of General Douglas MacArthur. Japanese foreign minister, Mamoru Shigemitsu, bending to sign the instrument of surrender ending World War 2, on September 2, 1945. Supreme Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, seated, signing the document. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright and British Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival stand behind MacArthur. General Hsu Yung-chang signs for China. View of sailors observing the historic moment from every possible place aboard the ship. Large numbers of aircraft flying over the ship. Scene shifts in flashback to Manila, Philippines, where dead bodies of civilians litter the streets in silent witness of Japanese wartime atrocities. Some have hands tied behind their backs. Views of destitute Filipino mothers and children wandering through the rubble. A sign identifies the 98th Evacuation Hospital. Inside, a doctor and a nurse stand over the bed of Japanese Prime Minister, Hideki Tōjō, who attempted suicide by pistol, when apprehended, but was taken for treatment and is seen resting in his bed. View of Japanese Adrmiral Shigetarō Shimada, Minister of the Navy, behind bars in prison. Also seen in prison are Japanese general of the Japanese Imperial Army and Governor-General of the Philippines, Shigenori Kuroda;. General Masaharu Homma; and militarist Colonel Kingoro Hashimoto. Scene shifts to bodies of numerous victims of German death camps. American Army medics attend to some survivors rescued from the camps.

Date: 1945, September 2
Duration: 2 min 17 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
U.S. 1380th Engineers lay a pipeline and pump diesel oil and explosives into them at Manila Harbor in Manila Bay, Philippines.

U.S. Army 1380th Engineers lay a pipe line at Manila Harbor in Manila Bay, Philippines during World War II. The engineers lay the pipes together. The engineers at work in Manila Bay. Fuel tanks and other equipment on the land. The engineers and soldiers walk down the land as the pipe lines are laid together. The engineers pump diesel oil and gasoline mixture into the pipeline. They ignite the mixture using a motor. Fumes rise up as the mixture ignites. A Japanese soldier comes out of a pit. A patrol team catches him. The team questions him. Military ships carry infantry and engineers at Fort Drum, El Fraile Island in Manila Bay. Troops walk down a ramp at Fort Drum. A pipe line hose is set into a vent. A mixture of oil and explosives is pumped into this pipeline. Slow burning fuel, grenades and other explosives lowers into the vent by the engineers. The troops guard the engineers at work. The engineers set up a timer and the troops leave the land. Explosions take place. Smoke rise up from the island.

Date: 1945, April
Duration: 3 min 27 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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