After years of exploration, British engineers and geologists strike oil while working in Khuzestan,Iran,under the D'Arcy Concession, signed in 1901 between William Knox D'Arcy and Mozzafar al-Din Shah of Persia. After unsuccessful drilling at Mamatain and Shardin, they concentrate their final efforts, at Maydan-i-Naftun, in 1907. Views, from a mountainside, of rugged topography in foothills of the Zagros Mountains. Men and horses move up a slope. The Karun River flows at the foot of the hills. Men and pack animals appear ready to ford the river. Scene shifts to the hands of British Chief Engineer, George B. Reynolds, holding open his hand-written journal with a photograph of himself inserted between the pages. View shifts back to the rugged landscape, where a small waterfall is emptying into a pool in the river below. More views of the terrain and of camels being herded by men, moving past grazing sheep being tended by a shepherd. George B. Reynolds, is seen on horseback. In the background workers are busy setting up camp at Maydan-i-Naftun. (The overall project camp was at Masjid-i-Suleiman AKA Masjed Soleyman.) A woman draws water from an overflowing pool on a hillside,and pours it into a large desert water bag. Men dig up earth to prepare for oil drilling at Maydan-i-Naftun. Men assembling an oil derrick and commencing to drill for oil. View of the successful well being pumped at Maydan-i-Naftun. Well-dressed man checks drill before it is lowered into hole. Men and mules move up a slope and rugged hills.
A caravan of camels moves near ruins of ancient Persian City of Pasarguadae, near Masjid-i-Suleiman. Ancient columns; steps; bas relief sculpture, and Horse head sculpture are among things seen.
British engineer and oil explorer,George Reynolds, smokes a pipe as he surveys the area for oil drilling. Drilling operations at an oil derrick. Workers Carry containers of granulated oil drilling mud, to the drill pipe. Turning pages in George Reynolds' daily journal. Sun overhead in the sky as men continue to work at the derrick. A man sprays water with a hose as workers add dry mud compound to facilitate drilling.. Black smoke billows from burning oil at edge of oil derrick. An official letter from the office of the British Foreign Secretary, Sir Edward Grey, informing William D' Arcy that the operators of his Syndicate struck oil at a depth of 1200 feet. plumes of black smoke intensify from burning oil at the drill site.
Activities of George B. Reynolds and his team operating an oil drilling mechanism in Masjed Soleyman, Iran. Reynolds, representing the Anglo-Persian Oil Company or APOC, (which later became British Petroleum in 1954, or BP), studies maps while smoking a pipe. An oil rig set up in the desert at the location Masjid-i-Sulaiman. Workers and mechanics working at the rig. Close views of the diary records of George B. Reynolds. Men work on oil rigs under intense sun. The oil rig working and striking oil; a cloud of smoke and fire from the ground. Close views of a binder holding letter from Lewis Mallet to the British foreign office announcing the successful oil discovery. A seemingly unrelated two-second view of 1908-era motor cars on a street follows.
Scenes from the film camera accompanying the William Knox D'Arcy British oil exploration party in Iran, led by George B. Reynolds. Markets and civilian lifestyle in Iran. Steam boat sails in a river. Buildings near the river. The Shrine of Imam Ali Reza in Mashhad, Iran. A man drives loads on donkeys. Civilians on dusty streets. Two men on roadside smoke a water pipe. A shoe maker making shoes near road. Crowd of men, shops and merchandise in busy markets.
Segment from the United Nations Security Council meeting at Hunter College, New York City, United States, on March 27, 1946. At the time, the Soviet Union, with its troops in Iran, and with interest in the governance and autonomy of Azerbaijan, was pushing to postpone discussion of the appeal by Iran that the action of the Soviet Army in Iran was a threat to international peace and security. American statesman James F. Byrnes, Edward R. Stettinius, Soviet diplomat Andrei Gromyko and representatives of the UN Security Council member countries are seen entering the conference room at Hunter College, New York City. The dignitaries seated at a table. Delegates and spectators present. Gromyko, the Soviet representative to the United Nations, speaks in Russian. Other delegates listen, seated behind. A delegate from China speaks. Several delegates raise their hands with questions. U.S. representative James Byrnes demands that the Iranians be given a chance to be heard. The Soviet delegation stands and exits the talks abruptly. Iranian delegate Hossein Ala', Iran's Ambassador to the United States approaches the table and is seated. The delegates listen as Mr. Hossein Ala addresses the council. Mr. Ala urges the council to take action, saying, "Iran views with grave concern any delay in the consideration by the council of the merits of these disputes. For these reasons, on behalf of my government, I request the council to take up these matters at once and reach, without reference to further negotiations, a solution consistent with the principles of the charter."