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Memel Germany 1939 stock footage and images

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Memelland annexed by Germany and reintegrated into East Prussia, on eve of World War II

Animated map shows Germany and bordering states of Slovakia, the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and the area of Memel (Klaipeda) in Lithuania, during advent of World War 2, Under duress, Lithuania ceded Memel to Germany by a treaty, effective 23 March 1939. It was immediately reincorporated into East Prussia. Newspapers being thrown to people gathered in a square. They carry headline: "Memel is Free."Nazi flags flying. Banner reads "We are swept home."border gates are thrown open and people rush through. Trucks full of German troops are welcomed. Formation of German Heinkel He-51 biplane aircraft flies overhead. View from under triple 11 inch guns at stern of the German Cruiser Deutschland. Adolf Hitler standing behind canvas at railing on the deck with officers. A German destroyer coming into port. Hitler transferring from the Deutschland to a pier at Memel. He reviews troops in formation on the pier. The Deutschland in background with her crew lined up on deck. Hitler stands in an open car as it moves off the wharf to streets where people line the sidewalks to wave and salute him. He reviews German troops drawn up in a city square. Police control crowds. Hitler stands at a podium and exchanges Nazi salute with the crowd.

Date: 1939, March 23
Duration: 4 min 29 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his troops are cheered and greeted by the people in Memel, Lithuania.

Occupation of Memel on 22th March, 1939. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his troops are cheered in Memel, Lithuania. The troops enter Memel and are greeted by the civilians. The troops march on a street. A banner across the street reads (in German): This land remains forever German. Soldiers on tanks enter the town. People stand on either side of the street and greet them. Aircraft fly in formation. Hitler and his party members disembark from the German Battleship, Deutschland. German soldiers at the port greet him. Hitler in a car and people cheer and greet him. A flag on a building. Hitler making a speech in Klaipeda. People gather in large number.

Date: 1939, March 22
Duration: 1 min 54 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler is greeted upon return to Berlin, Germany. Annexation of Memelland (Lithuania)

German Chancellor Adolf Hitler returns to Berlin during World War II. German officers await arrival of Hitler's train at a railroad station. Hitler exits and is greeted by Hermann Goering and other officers. Fireworks at night. Hitler and Goering at balcony of a building. Worker marks out sign identifying city of Klaipeda, Lithuania. Hitler youth run through an opened gate. German troops and vehicles enter a town. Hitler aboard the German pocket battleship, Deutschland, waves to small boat. A German Destroyer bearing number 51. Hitler and German Air Force Chief, Hermann Goering, on deck of battleship, Deutschland. Hitler leads parade celebrating peaceful annexation of Lithuanian city of Klaipeda (Memel) and Memelland. Formation of Nazi bombers in flight. Crowds render Nazi salute as Hitler arrives in open car. Crowd salutes Hitler standing at balcony of a building. German battleship, Deutschland, being docked, and Hitler disembarking. Hitler, standing by railroad train, responding to crowd of well-wishers.

Date: 1939, March 23
Duration: 1 min 30 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
War machinery prepared in Canadian factories. Adolf Hitler's army parades honoring his 50th birthday in Berlin, Germany.

Machine power in Canada and Germany. Canadian Industry workers walk into a war plant punching their time cards, as they enter. Men welding. Steel worker checking heat of hot steel with temperature-reading glasses. Workers in Canadian factory prepare machinery for war. 20th April 1939: Adolf Hitler in Berlin, Germany reviews his army in parade on his 50th birthday (Narrator incorrectly states the year as 1938, but Hitler's 50th birthday was in 1939 and these images are from the 1939 parade). Heavy breakthrough tanks roll by, followed by Army division assault tanks. Motorized troops march followed by Infantry and then parachute troops. Stuka Dive bombers fly overhead with Berlin Victory Column (Siegessäule) in the foreground. Hitler and others watch the flight.

Date: 1940
Duration: 2 min 51 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Actions of Germany and Russia at the beginning of World War II

Events leading to start of World War 2. Contingents of German army troops and black uniformed SS (Schutzstaffel) troops parading past Hitler on reviewing stand in German city. Hitler youth at a rally in a stadium. Hitler addressing an open air assembly, shaking his fist, yelling about the might of Germany in an animated fashion. Women holding signs reading: "Down with War and Fascism," and "Aid the Allies." 1939 edition of the New York Times carries headline about Nazi pact with Soviets and of Estonia giving Moscow air and sea bases. Views of Soviet leaders, Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, and General Boris Mikhailovitch Shaposhnikov, preparing to meet with German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop for signing of Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact agreeing to non-aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union. Von Ribbentrop descending from his airplane for the meeting. Scenes of German attack and invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939. Vehicles carrying German troops on the move. German Stuka, Ju87 dive bombers peeling off in dives and dropping bombs. German He-111 bomber in flight. Many explosions and collapsing buildings and destruction depicted. Soviet T-26 Twin-Turret Cavalry Tank seen moving through snow as it crosses Polish frontier, on September, 17, 1939. Soviet troops charging into Poland in the snow. The two forces meet in central Poland. Newspaper cartoon of the time shows Hitler and Stalin politely addressing each other in deprecating terms. Soviet icebreaker opening the way for German warships. German submarine making way on the surface, ostensibly from a base in Murmansk, and firing at a surface ship with its deck gun. A French fighter plane spinning towards earth and pilot parachuting. Narrator speaks of French Communists sabotaging electrical systems on the aircraft. The plane burning on the ground. German troops marching along the Champs Elysee, with the Arch of Triumph in background. German troops firing artillery at Soviet forces. Wooden buildings burning. German soldier taking a prisoner.

Date: 1940
Duration: 2 min 36 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes from World War 1, and world events in the period between World War I and World War II.

Rail guns firing in World War 1. U.S. troops charging out of trenches. Allied gunners firing "French 75s" Allied twin-tailed biplane bombers. French Renault F17 tanks. Crowds in cities celebrate Armistice Day and end of World War I. Treaty of Versailles. Destruction of warships. Scenes of Paris. A pagoda in Japan. Temples in Siam, China, and Manchuria. Two Kayan women in Myanmar or Thailand perform a dance. Both Kayan women wear long brass coil neck rings. In the U.S., a boy hits a baseball and runs toward first base. Scenes of Japan invading Manchuria. Newspaper with headline: Henry Stimson denouncing Japan. U.S. Army troops dispel World War I veteran bonus marchers. Men lined up in bread line for unemployed during Great Depression. Brief shot of Gangsters in gun battle in an American city. Scenes of dust bowl in American with farmers and families heading West in caravans. Family standing by tent. Torchlight parade in Germany. Adolf Hitler with German President Hindenburg. Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Victor Lutze, at 1934 Nazi Rally in Nuremberg. Italian Caproni bombers over Ethiopia. Ethiopian tribesmen and Haile Selassie. U.S.Neutrality Act. American youths with a 1930 Ford coupe. Scenes from Civil war in Spain. Spanish Rebel forces in ground combat with Nationalist forces. German and Italian aircraft participate in bombing Spanish Nationalist targets in Spanish Civil War. Spanish civilians flee bombing, tend to wounded and dead victims following bombings. Italian Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 Sparviero bombers. Crowds running for shelter. Women and children victims of bombing, some crying and in shock. Spanish General Francisco Franco arrives by train in southern France to meet with Hitler. View of Gallup Poll forms, and findings, with Americans against entering European war and preferring neutrality. Japanese planes and warships attack China. Naval Chinese civilians run for cover; bodies of Chinese in trucks. Japanese freighters, Buenos Aires and Tatsuno Maru, in U.S. ports being loaded with scrap iron and metals. Hitler, Goering and other officers in 1938. Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Benito Mussolini, Count Ciano sign Munich Agreement. Hitler riding standing up in an open car during a rally in Germany. Elevated view of Los Angeles, then view of traffic on streets of Los Angeles California and newspapers being sold to pedestrians. Citizens in movie theater watching Confessions of a Nazi Spy. German-American Bund activities including outdoor rallies in the U.S., and an indoor rally in New York City at Madison Square Garden in 1939. Emperor Hirohito reviewing World War 2 troops of Japan. Japanese steel production and arms production in Japanese factories. The Hokoku Maru Japanese ship being launched with fanfare from Tama Shipyards on July 5, 1939. Meeting of United States Military Affairs Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives in late 1939 to consider national defense matters. In meeting of Naval Affairs Committee, representative asks for increase of 25 percent in authorized naval tonnage.

Date: 1940
Duration: 11 min 26 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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