An auto race on a mountain course in Merano, Italy. A zigzagging course on the Alps. Autos take off in the auto race. Two autos pass on the course. A crowd on the side of the path watch. People watching the auto race. Autos moving along the course up and down the sides of the mountain. People watching along the side of a path. Snow covered mountains in the background.
Radioactive mineral springs are used to give healing baths at Merano Spa in Italy. Invalids and convalescents at the health spa. A view of the building of the Merano Spa. Interiors of the building. People are seen in the building. People climbing the stairs and reading in reception area. Several beds are seen. Women bathing in a huge swimming pool.
Events in Italy and the United States during the Great Depression. Italy, 1933: Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini at a ceremony to mark the 10th anniversary of his march on Rome, Italy. Fascists gathered at the ceremony. Mussolini hugs and greets a fascist officer. United States: Men of the Civilian Conservation Corps at their first training camp cut trees. Men eat food in a forest. Men and women participate in a walkathon during the days of the economic depression in 1933. From a August 11, 1958 newsreel giving a retrospective look at events 25 years prior.
Rise of fascism in Germany and Italy due to economic and social unrest in the wake of World War 1. Animated map of Japan, Germany and its neighboring countries, and Italy. Views of Italian Fascist "Black Shirts" marching bearing flags, and rendering fascist salutes. Fascists participating in the famous "March on Rome" in October, 1922. Spectators line the sidewalks and side of the road. Brief (jerky) views of unrest in Italy following World War I, due to unemployment and hard times. People getting food at an outdoor soup kitchen. Fascists promising better times are seen parading and riding in jammed open cars. Benito Mussolini, who was elected to Parliament in 1921, is seen in a top hat, arms akimbo, standing with other officials. Glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Back to Mussolini, again, who now makes some remarks to those standing with him and expresses himself with exaggerated body language. Another glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Film transitions to Germany, where Adolf Hitler is seen walking through a dense crowd of supporters. Hitler's clothes resemble a military uniform. Next, scenes illustrating the terrible post-World War 1 hyperinflation suffered by Germany during the Weimar Republic. Various banknotes and currency in ridiculous denominations are shown. People trying to buy groceries during this period. German militaristic marchers. Fascists giving arm salutes as they parade in a city street. General Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (who is also President of Germany) is seen standing in front of Germany's top military leaders. Directly behind him is Marshal August von Mackensen, in a fur busby hat with Totenkopf (death head) insignia. Other Generals wear pickelhaube spiked helmets. Hindenburg's closest associate, General Erich Ludendorff stands just behind and to the left of Hindenburg. Glimpse of German soldiers in more modern uniforms. Next, Hindenburg is seen reviewing troops in the company of their commander. Next, Hitler is seen with a group of German civilian industrialists whose interests he promises to support. Alfred Krupp Jr. sits, with his legs crossed, next to Hitler. Glimpse of Hitler, in uniform, waving from a window. People running as a cadre of mounted police canter in formation down the street.
President Franklin D Roosevelt in the United States. A calendar shows the date 5th March 1933. Roosevelt leaves in a car after attending church service in Washington DC, United States on 5th March 1933. On March 9th 1933 Senate passes a bill proposed by Roosevelt to address bank crisis. The House also passes the President's proposed bill Franklin Roosevelt in his first fireside chats broadcast on 12th March 1933 talks about the bank crisis. He asks people to have confidence in the government. He ensures that banks will provide sufficient currency to meet the situation.
Great Depression scenes and recovery efforts in the United States. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as President on March 4, 1933. Scenes of Roosevelt and outgoing President Herbert Hoover leaving the White House together in a top-down convertible limousine before the ceremony. Roosevelt at the U.S. Capitol building during the inauguration ceremony as President of the United States. Roosevelt delivering the famous line in his speech, "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." Americans wait in unemployment lines to get work or jobs. Men in a bread line. Unemployed man with a large sign "Will take any job." Scenes of families migrating in the US, with vehicles filled with belongings. Families and children suffering poverty and in makeshift camps. Troops and bands march with American flags on Constitution Avenue during the Roosevelt Inauguration parade. Government officials at a long table working on emergency banking laws in March of 1933. Scene of people flooding into a bank and making a run on the bank to retrieve deposits. President Roosevelt signs Emergency Banking Act in his office on March 9, 1933. View of White House lawn and White House. The CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) is created to put unemployed young men to work on various conservation projects. CCC boys and men working on planting projects with pick axes and mattocks. Men and women in line to sign up for Emergency Work Relief programs. Officials write down the information for each worker.were put to work in a variety of projects. A sign "USA Work Program WPA" advertising a bridge work project in Los Angeles. People build roads, bridges and post offices. Cable fed out of a large spool as construction of a suspension bridge is shown. People work in factories. Train locomotives moving on tracks near factories. Various factory scenes including smokestacks and workers. A coal mining operation. Two coal miners take a break and eat. A steel factory and hot molten steel pouring from a ladle.