The Attack on Mers-el-Kebir (Operation Catapult) off the coast of French Algeria during World War II. The French naval fleet at the port town of Mers-el-Kebir. French flags on the ships. French officers arrive in a boat. French naval officers and sailors on the ships deck. French commanding officer Marcel-Bruno Gensoul aboard the Dunkerque reads ultimatum message from British Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Somerville stationed aboard the HMS Foxhound. The telegram demands the surrender of the French fleet including the battleships Dunkerque, to prevent it and the French fleet from falling into German hands. Images of signal light communications between the ships. On rejection of the demand, the British fleet shells the French fleet. British ships shell and destroy numerous ships of the french fleet. French sailors run about and try to put out fires on the ships. Explosions on ships and in the water. Wrecked and charred ships of the French fleet. Debris strewn on the water. French sailors aboard small life boats, navigating among much floating debris after the battle. Boats with fire hoses working to extinguish flames on charred French vessels. The French warships in the battle included battleships Provence and Bretagne, the battleships (battlecruisers) Dunkerque and Strasbourg, the seaplane tender Commandant Teste and six destroyers. The British vessels in the battle were the battlecruiser HMS Hood, battleships HMS Valiant and HMS Resolution, and the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal along with an escort of cruisers and destroyers. From a German newsreel.
Italian Axis newsreel shows final communications between French and British Navy followed by bombing of French naval units by "Force H" British warships at Mers-El-Kebir, Oran, Algeria during World War II. Close view of French Battleship Dunkerque at anchor as British note is delivered from Admiral Somerville via HMS Foxhound (destroyer) to Vichy French naval officer Marcel-Bruno Gensoul, with final warning ultimatum to join British cause (for French, violating terms of June 1940 French armistice with Germany) or be attacked by British ships. French and British Navy sailors exchange signal light messages beween ships. View from aboard French ships as British Force H warships begin bombardment of the anchored French fleet. Huge ship guns are fired. Smoke and explosions aboard ships and in water are seen as shells are fired. Sailors aboard French ships running at battle stations and returning fire. French rescue boats seen in water following cease fire. French Navy fire fighters train fire hoses on fires and extinguish fires. View of damage aboard French ships from British bombing.
A documentary titled 'America salutes Algerian Independence' depicts independence celebrations in Algeria and its admission into the United Nations. A huge crowd of people in the streets of Algeria to celebrate their independence. The Algerian flag is waved. Soldiers march. People with the Algerian flags. The Algerian flag is raised in a ceremony. Soldiers stand at attention. The United Nations Headquarters in New York City in the United States. Flags of the member nations flutter. Algerian Prime Minister Mohamed Ahmed Ben Bella is greeted by UN Secretary General U Thant, Guinean President Ahmed Sekou Toure and President of the UN General Assembly Muhammad Zafrulla Khan. The Algerian flag is unfurled and it flutters among the flags of other member nations. Algerian war victims present at the ceremony. In the UNO, the full body of the General Assembly gives a standing ovation to Algeria as it joins the UNO. Algerian delegates seated. A map of Africa with the focus on Algeria. The capital city of Algiers. Ships at the harbor in Algiers. People in a market place. Minarets of Jeema Kebir Mosque . The National Museum houses things of art and craft such as brocade garments, rugs, specimens of metal work and jewelery.
Thanksgiving Day celebrations at Oum El Aguareb in Algeria,North Africa. American soldiers chase a flock of turkeys. Natives gift turkey to U.S. soldiers. U.S. soldiers roll up copies of detailed war maps meant for tank commanders. Allied tanks deployed near Tebourba in Tunisia. Convoy of Allied tanks, half tracks and jeeps move.
Wreckage of an Allied hospital train, bombed and machine gunned by the Germans in Souk El Khamis, Algeria, NorthAfrica. Allied troops inspect the wreckage. Man paints red cross sign on the top of a damaged train-car. One of the damaged car reads 'Our Blue Bird bombed and machine gun to hell but still kicking'.
German air raids on an Allied airport at Souk El Arba in Algeria. German dive bombers (Junkers) drop bombs on key targets. American soldiers retaliate. Soldiers put the casualties in armored U.S. ambulances. U.S. P-38s dogfight with German Junkers. U.S. C-47 transport planes loaded with supplies and fuel arrives to replenish Allied forces.