Nicholas I, King of Montenegro, reviewing veteran soldiers loosely formed on both sides of a road, following declaration of war against Turkey, on October 8, 1912. The troops cheer their king. Scene changes to King Nicholas with advisers strolling behind the royal palace in Cetinje. Scene shifts to a crowded operating theater in a hospital, with surgical team operating on a patient. Slate alludes to transport and care of wounded following battle with Turkish forces at Scutari. Montenegrin wounded being carried on stretchers along mountainous roadway and up steep steps to an emergency field medical treatment center. Some medical staff in white, stand near the ramp. Later, several wounded are carried back down the steps to waiting trucks for transport to hospitals.
Views of Scutari (Shkoder) Albania, in the wake of extended shelling during a siege by Montenegrin forces, in the First Balkan War, from 1912-1913. Dead body at wrecked building. A woman sits with a child lying on ground. Children peel bark from a tree and eats it. Civilians receiving food. Two men sit on the doorway with food they've received. A Montenegrin Army officer hands out treats to children. Two children sit at doorway and eat. Civilians distribute food. Refugee families depart with their belongings packed on mules.
1912, Balkans: The Balkan War . Troops marching. Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria called the 'Fox of the Balkans'. Generals look at a map. Prisoners standing in a group. Men walk in lines on a path. Soldiers in coats with rifles. Montenegro: King Nicholas I surrounded by military and other officials. A man helps the King put on his coat. Italy: The King and Queen with dignitaries at a ceremony to launch battleships. Spain: The young King Alfonso XIII surrounded by military officials. Germany: German troops march on the streets. Soldiers on horses during a parade. Kaiser William II inspects troops. The crown Prince is greeted by the people of Germany.
Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and King Nikola of Montenegro. Horse-drawn carriage awaits outside a building in Vienna. King Franz Joseph and King Nikola climb into the carriage and are covered with carriage robes by attendants. Officers salute the kings.
King Nicholas I of Montenegro sits on a chair and addresses a group of Americans who had helped to fight during the Second Balkan War, as they prepare to depart from Montenegro. Visitors stand in line. King Nicholas stands up and walks about. American visitors cheer.
Officers talk and discuss a map in Vranjina, Montenegro. King Nicholas I of Montenegro. King Nicholas breakfasts with Austrian military attache, Hauptmann Hupka, on hilltop above Vranjina during timeframe of Second Balkan War.