The Great Purge in Russia. On March 14, 1923 : A newspaper headline reads 'Lenin Suffers a stroke, Condition is Serious; Announcement Causes a Sensation in Moscow'. On January 21, 1924 : Another newspaper headline reads 'Lenin is Dead'. Bolshevik leader Lenin laid in a coffin. Senior Soviet officials carrying the body of Lenin in a funeral procession through the snow. People watch the funeral procession. Joseph Stalin with an officer. Stalin comes into power after Bolshevik revolutionary Leon Trotsky is forced into an exile. Views of workers pursuing 5-year plan goals: At a railroad train siding building rail infrastructure, with shovels; in logging operations in the snow; in a steel plant. View of coal being transported on conveyer. View of mining operations, with steam shovels filling rail cars. Views of chemical and petroleum facilities. View of hydroelectric power plant turbines and electrical distribution towers and wires. Workers in agriculture, with a truck in a field. Construction workers at large building site. Young machinist working on a lathe in a factory or manufacturing plant. Tailors working in a shop with pictures of Lenin and Stalin on the wall. Steam locomotive pushing train cars including boxcars up a mountain side in Siberia. Soviet "executioner" Nikolai Yezhov and other officers inside a building and footage from the Moscow Trials or sometimes called Moscow Show Trials from 1936 - 1938. Stalin with Bolshevik revolutionaries Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev who were disposed off during the Great Purge. Scenes of Moscow Trial proceedings, with participants wearing earphones. Picture of Nikolai Yezhov.
The Moscow summit between the U.S. and USSR in Moscow, Russia. Pictures depict the tribes and people of America. People pack the pictures in a box for the visit of the Soviet Union people. Some pictures of the Russian art. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev visits the United States. People on the street to receive him. The U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz and his wife visit Russia. People greet them. Gorbachev and the U.S. president Ronald Reagan at a summit in Washington DC. Americans at the summit. Animation depicts the merging of cultures between the two nations and the exchange of magazines. American rock star Billy Joel and his group perform in the Soviet Union on New Year's eve. Cultural exchange between the two countries includes a piano performance of Horowitz in Moscow and a ballet performance in the United States by the Bolshoi Ballet. An exchange program at school level. Soviet children at an American outdoors ropes and climbing activity during an exchange program. The talks held to discuss vital issues in New York. People sit in an amphitheater with officials at a Chautaqua Talk in 1987. The people of the Soviet Union watch an "Information USA" touring exhibit in the Soviet Union that presents American culture. A young Russian boy speaks about his interest in American culture. People watch a science exhibition. Astronauts of the USA and Soviet Union in a spacecraft. Collaboration of the two nations to protect the ozone layer. Officials of the two nations sign an agreement relating to the nuclear power plants. George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of State, inaugurates a system that communicates nuclear dangers. A woman in the communication room. Food grain supplied to the Soviets. Soviet Union tanks and soldiers in Afghanistan. Soldiers walk on a street. American journalist Nicholas Daniel disembarks a plane after his release. The view of the American Embassy. Mikhail Gorbachev with U.S. President Ronald Reaga
The US-USSR Moscow Summit on Human rights in Moscow, Soviet Union. U.S. president Ronald Reagan speaks on issues relating to Human rights. Other officials seated in front. He speaks about the right to immigrate and travel. View of the Kremlin in Moscow. U.S. Secretory of State George Pratt Shultz speaks about strategic arms reductions in light of the weapons race. The White house press secretary Marlin Fitzwater at a press conference. The board reads 'Department of State'. Exteriors of the building. View of protesters permitted to demonstrate in the Soviet Union indicating some improvement in conditions. In Washington DC, citizens march on streets demonstrating for the freedom of Soviet Jews. The soviet scholar Peter Reddaway speaks about the reforms and highlights reforms and changing Soviet policy on open-ended internment of mental health patients. People pray inside a church in the Soviet Union. George Weigel, the president of the James Madison Foundation, speaks of importance of religious freedom in the Soviet union on a news panel. Weigel states that religious freedom is a key test of Glasnost and Perestroika. Exterior view of the Ukrainian Catholic National Shrine of the Holy Family under construction in Washington DC, built by Ukrainian American Catholics. People in the Soviet Union protest, marching on a street and holding signs and pickets. A large military parade in the Soviet Union in Red Square.
Crowd milling about in Kronstadt, West of Saint Petersburg,Russia, as group of Russian sailors, soldiers and civilians, marches in their midst carrying a Sign reading "Peace, Freedom, and Bread." On March 7, 1921, The Bolshevik government sends 60,000 troops under command of Mikhail Tukhachevsky to quell the disturbance. They are seen marching in the streets. Next scene shows women looking amongst the fallen for their relatives. View of Leon Trotsky (Commander of the Red Army) walking with some of his staff. View of human remains. Brief view of Lenin. Trotsky writing at his desk. Narrator mentions the State Security Agency called "Cheka," being replaced by the Joint State Political Directorate (AKA OGPU). Narrator calls it the Political Police. Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov is seen walking with a group of Soviet workers and politicians ostensibly charged with overseeing the OGPU. Another scene shows Molotov conversing with Joseph Stalin (Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin). Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin stands to Stalin's left. views of Stalin. Lev Kamenev, a leader in Moscow City politics. Russian families on a train platform preparing to travel in box cars (to Siberia?). farmers harvesting grain in Russia. A woman shopkeeper cuts a loaf of bread in pieces and weighs them on a scale for sale to a customer. American foodstuffs provided as aid to Russia. Some of the American food being unloaded at a pier. American Relief Administration Chief, Herbert Hoover, standing at a port. Food being distributed to Russian citizens, and to children. Newspaper of March 14, 1923, announces the Lenin suffers a stroke. In January, 1924, a newspaper headline announces that "Lenin is dead." Lenin seen in coffin. Funeral cortege, including principal Soviet leaders, carries the coffin outdoors in falling snow. Spectators watch and others follow in the solemn funeral march. Narrator states that "Stalin,Zinoviev, and Kamenev force Trotsky into exile." Soviet citizens are seen at hard labor under new "Five year plans."
The funeral of Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars Vladimir Llyich Lenin in Moscow, Russia. Lenin's coffin carried,enroute from Gorki to Moscow, and lying in State at Column Hall of the House of Unions. Mourners lined up holding wreaths to pay homage to Lenin. Joseph Stalin and Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin, stand at head of the bier. Russians march through the streets holding banners. Stalin and other leaders bearing Lenin's coffin. Excavation with explosives to construct Lenin's tomb, at wall of Kremlin. Statue of Lenin. Workers excavatiing and constructing Lenin's successive Tombs. A large crowd of mourners gathered at Red Square. The body of Lenin preserved in the tomb. Joseph Stalin seen descending stairs after visiting Lenin's tomb.
A huge crowded open-air market in Moscow, Soviet Union, seen in wintertime. Merchants' stalls are partly covered against the weather. Throngs of customers patronize the merchants. Crowds fill a space between large buildings and a river. View of fence at the river, with snow and ice below. Scene shifts to outdoor market is a more rural area. Sign above one booth advertises lighters. Back at the city market, several smiling children and two older men converse at a booth containing papers and pencils. A small girl, wearing mittens, holds a piece of bread. Adults and children stand near a hand-cranked spring driven phonograph machine playing a record. The machine uses a needle and external horn to transmit the sound. Scene shifts to a structural sign identifying the Gubrosta (Government news telegraph agency) where people read information posted there. Finally, film focuses on a monolithic memorial with a figure, near its base, that appears to by holding a globe.