Jewish children at a Hebrew school in Munkacs, Hungary. The children are assembled in courtyard of the school, arranged by age, with youngest in the front. A man conducts them in the singing of Hatikvah, (The Hope), a song considered a Zionist National Anthem.
Jewish children at a Hebrew school in Munkacs, Hungary. School children reciting their lessons in unison, outside the school. Rabbis and school staff leaving the school. Children standing by a table filled with books. A Rabbi and instructor stand behind the table. A woman brings two books and discusses them with the instructor. A commercial sign announcing Weavers of cloth and towels. The sign is is four languages: Czech; Hungarian; German; and Yiddish. In backyard of house, a family of weavers is busy making towels and cloths. The father keeps the various threads separated and weaves, while a woman operates a wheel by foot and a boy operates a wheel by hand. Another woman and a child watch.
Young Jewish men and women dance the Hora, in Munkacs, Hungary. They form two circles, one within the other, alternating men and women. The men hold hands with one another, behind their backs, and the women do likewise with other women. They sing in unison, verses ending in la la la, and dance in counterclockwise direction, using grapevine steps.
German invasion of Eastern European countries during World War II. Maps of Manchuria and Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines. Maps of various European countries conquered by Nazi Germany including Poland. Newspaper printing press running. Newspaper headlines declaring war against Germany. Herald newspaper headline reads, WAR. Animated map of Germany shows the Nazi symbol spreading across Europe with fire. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and officers at a map as they confer. Maps of Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Hungarian pheasant farmers gather grain in Hungary. Ore car heaped with bauxite in Hungary. Aluminum sheet rolling down conveyor belt. German aircraft parked in line with propellers spinning. Hungarian soldiers marching in parade with crowd giving Nazi salute. Grain pouring into holding bin. Oil derricks in Romania. Romanian soldiers marching in parade. Animated map depicts the importance of cities of Varna and Burgas in Bulgaria for their submarine bases in the Black Sea. Admiral Miklos von Nagybanya Horthy of Hungary, Prime Minister of Romania General Ion Antonescu, King Michael of Romania and King Boris of Bulgaria. Newspaper headlines include 'Bulgarian King Joins Axis', "Bulgarian Revolts Bring 1200 Arrests', 'Riots Sweep Romania', and 'Hungarian Revolt Brewing' German motorcycles with sidecars driving into Hungary. German artillery being towed into Hungary. German soldiers driving halftracks drive into Romania and Bulgaria. Animated map depicts the plan for invasion of Greece.
Coronation procession of Emperor Karl I (Charles I) of Austria, who, as Emperor of Austria-Hungary, is now also being crowned KarlV (CharlesIV ) of Hungary. The procession arrives at Mathias Cathedral, on Trinity Square, Budapest, Hungary. Guests arrive to attend the ceremony. Through the dense crowd, Emperor Karl walks behind the Crucifer toward the Cathedral entrance, followed by Cardinal Prince Primate of Hungary, Dr. Czernock and a Bishop and nobles. After the coronation, a great celebratory parade ensues. The Emperor rides on horseback wearing the Crown and cloak of St. Stephen, and rides up a ramp to a landing where he can be seen by all in attendance. .
U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street in Czechoslovakia during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift several years later to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Soviet soldiers are seen. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. Soviet Russian red star is toppled by crowds from a building roof in a sign of defiance. Russian troops respond with tanks on the streets in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.