Jewish children at a Hebrew school in Munkacs, Hungary. The children are assembled in courtyard of the school, arranged by age, with youngest in the front. A man conducts them in the singing of Hatikvah, (The Hope), a song considered a Zionist National Anthem.
Jewish children at a Hebrew school in Munkacs, Hungary. School children reciting their lessons in unison, outside the school. Rabbis and school staff leaving the school. Children standing by a table filled with books. A Rabbi and instructor stand behind the table. A woman brings two books and discusses them with the instructor. A commercial sign announcing Weavers of cloth and towels. The sign is is four languages: Czech; Hungarian; German; and Yiddish. In backyard of house, a family of weavers is busy making towels and cloths. The father keeps the various threads separated and weaves, while a woman operates a wheel by foot and a boy operates a wheel by hand. Another woman and a child watch.
Young Jewish men and women dance the Hora, in Munkacs, Hungary. They form two circles, one within the other, alternating men and women. The men hold hands with one another, behind their backs, and the women do likewise with other women. They sing in unison, verses ending in la la la, and dance in counterclockwise direction, using grapevine steps.
The wedding of Frime Chaye Rivke, daughter of Rabbi Chaim Elazar, of Munkács, to Baruch Rabinovich, on March 15, 1933. Jewish men ride decorated bicycles along a street. They wear sashes containing Jewish blessings. They are surrounded by crowds and followed by other men on bicycles. A horse-drawn carriage moves through the crowd, carrying Jewish Rabbis, and elders and escorted by walking policemen and followed by men carrying banners in Yiddish. The procession and crowd goes toward a wedding pavillion set up in courtyard of the Synagogue. Policemen work to control the crowd. Rabbi Chaim Elazar speaks to the crowd, in Yiddish, exhorting Jews in America to keep the Sabbath. The crowd mills around as several persons make their way through the gates of the courtyard, being protected by police.The wedding party proceeds through Synagogue grounds to the wedding canopy, where Cantor Mordekhai Salomon sings and a Klezmer band plays. Reportedly, over 20,000 guests attended the wedding from all over Europe and the U.S.
German invasion of Eastern European countries during World War II. Maps of Manchuria and Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines. Maps of various European countries conquered by Nazi Germany including Poland. Newspaper printing press running. Newspaper headlines declaring war against Germany. Herald newspaper headline reads, WAR. Animated map of Germany shows the Nazi symbol spreading across Europe with fire. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and officers at a map as they confer. Maps of Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Hungarian pheasant farmers gather grain in Hungary. Ore car heaped with bauxite in Hungary. Aluminum sheet rolling down conveyor belt. German aircraft parked in line with propellers spinning. Hungarian soldiers marching in parade with crowd giving Nazi salute. Grain pouring into holding bin. Oil derricks in Romania. Romanian soldiers marching in parade. Animated map depicts the importance of cities of Varna and Burgas in Bulgaria for their submarine bases in the Black Sea. Admiral Miklos von Nagybanya Horthy of Hungary, Prime Minister of Romania General Ion Antonescu, King Michael of Romania and King Boris of Bulgaria. Newspaper headlines include 'Bulgarian King Joins Axis', "Bulgarian Revolts Bring 1200 Arrests', 'Riots Sweep Romania', and 'Hungarian Revolt Brewing' German motorcycles with sidecars driving into Hungary. German artillery being towed into Hungary. German soldiers driving halftracks drive into Romania and Bulgaria. Animated map depicts the plan for invasion of Greece.
Coronation procession of Emperor Karl I (Charles I) of Austria, who, as Emperor of Austria-Hungary, is now also being crowned KarlV (CharlesIV ) of Hungary. The procession arrives at Mathias Cathedral, on Trinity Square, Budapest, Hungary. Guests arrive to attend the ceremony. Through the dense crowd, Emperor Karl walks behind the Crucifer toward the Cathedral entrance, followed by Cardinal Prince Primate of Hungary, Dr. Czernock and a Bishop and nobles. After the coronation, a great celebratory parade ensues. The Emperor rides on horseback wearing the Crown and cloak of St. Stephen, and rides up a ramp to a landing where he can be seen by all in attendance. .