Port of Murmansk in Soviet Russia. Ships dock at the Port site. Several ships in the harbor. Smoke rises up from the smokestacks of ships. Cargo loaded on ships through cranes. Men direct the loading. A man on a truck on the port. Aerial view of the city. Civilians walk on the snow covered ground. Buildings in the background.
Events leading to start of World War 2. Contingents of German army troops and black uniformed SS (Schutzstaffel) troops parading past Hitler on reviewing stand in German city. Hitler youth at a rally in a stadium. Hitler addressing an open air assembly, shaking his fist, yelling about the might of Germany in an animated fashion. Women holding signs reading: "Down with War and Fascism," and "Aid the Allies." 1939 edition of the New York Times carries headline about Nazi pact with Soviets and of Estonia giving Moscow air and sea bases. Views of Soviet leaders, Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, and General Boris Mikhailovitch Shaposhnikov, preparing to meet with German foreign minister,Joachim von Ribbentrop. Von Ribbentrop descending from his airplane for the meeting. Scenes of German attack against Poland,September 1, 1939. Vehicles carrying German troops on the move. German Stuka, Ju87 dive bombers peeling off in dives and dropping bombs. German He-111 bomber in flight. Many explosions and collapsing buildings and destruction depicted. Soviet T-26 Twin-Turret Cavalry Tank seen moving through snow as it crosses Polish frontier, on September, 17, 1939. Soviet troops charging into Poland in the snow. The two forces meet in central Poland. Newspaper cartoon of the time shows Hitler and Stalin politely addressing each other in deprecating terms. Soviet icebreaker opening the way for German warships. German submarine making way on the surface, ostensibly from a base in Murmansk, and firing at a surface ship with its deck gun. A French fighter plane spinning towards earth and pilot parachuting. Narrator speaks of French Communists sabotaging electrical systems on the aircraft. The plane burning on the ground. German troops marching along the Champs Elysee, with the Arch of Triumph in background. German troops firing artillery at Soviet forces. Wooden buildings burning. German soldier taking a prisoner.
Events after World War II. Harvesting in U.S. farms. Closeup view as a tractor plows fields. Men on horseback driving sheep. Woman serves a Thanksgiving turkey dinner to her family gathered at a nice dining room table in the United States. Her children look at the food with smiles. Contrasting scenes show Europeans starving amid post-war ruins. Women and children looking for food. A child in a soup line. Women wait in a line to receive grain that is weighed on a scale. Globe spins. Joseph Stalin and other Soviet officials watch a military parade in Red Square in Russia. Retrospective scenes of the meeting of Russian and U.S. troops at the Elbe River late in World War 2. Communist rally in Paris. A protester holds up a hammer and sickle symbol. A demonstration of protestors in Athens, Greece, and another Communist demonstration in Rome, Italy. Map depicts communist control growing over Central and Eastern Europe early in Cold War. High aerial view of Washington DC with a lower altitude airplane flying over the U.S. Capitol. Exterior view of State Department (Old Executive Office Building) in Washington DC. View of Secretary of State James F Byrnes working at his desk. Byrnes speaks of U.S. role in world affairs while at a conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Scenes from a meeting of the Big Four foreign ministers in 1947. Scenes changes to North Portico of White House. Swearing in ceremony of George C. Marshall as Secretary of State. President Harry S Truman shakes hands with Secretary George Marshall. Night view of London landmark buildings. View of door at No. 10 Downing Street in London. View of brutal winter conditions in Europe in February 1947. Citizens try to dig out a train stuck in snow. Women in line in Britain for a rationed good, still saddled with its own postwar reconstruction. Narrator relates that Britain was unable to continue to provide massive military and economic aid to the Greek regime and appealed to the U.S. to handle the situation. Secretary of State Marshall and President Truman seen talking together in front of a fireplace mantle. Marshall boards aircraft for a visit to Moscow. Truman in a White House meeting, seated at oval table with his advisors and cabinet. Truman addressing joint session of congress on March 12, 1947. He asks for funds for Greece and Turkey. Globe highlights USSR. Door sign reads 'Policy Planning Staff - George F Kennan - Director'. Director Kennan seen at his desk. He advocates a long term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies. Reconstruction in Europe. Ground level and aerial views of bomb destroyed European cities, and workers cleaning up rubble. Brief scene from the meeting of 16 nations in Paris on July 3, 1947. Scenes from United Nations meeting held in Lake Success New York in September 1947. George Marshall at podium addressing delegates of UN. Russian delegate Andrey Vyshinsky commenting on Marshall Plan. Signing of Marshall Plan agreement by international delegates meeting in Paris in September 1947.
Animated map shows World War 2 supply convoy routes to Murmansk, Soviet Union. German Junkers 88 bombers, JU 87, Stuka dive bombers, Fokker D.XXI aircraft; and Dornier Do-17 bombers are seen as aircraft used to disrupt the convoy traffic. An officer aboard a convoy escort ship looks through binoculars. A group of German Stuka dive bombers peels off to attack the convoy. Escort warships fire antiaircraft guns at the attacking German aircraft. bombs striking a supply ship. German Me 109 aircraft flying over the convoy. An attacking German aircraft is downed and crashes into the sea. A bombed supply freighter rapidly sinks. Smoke rises from another burning ships. A long line of supply ships arriving at Russian port. Aircraft and tanks being offloaded.
Snow-covered hills at Berchtesgaden. Inside a building, Hitler plans Operation Barbarossa (invasion of the Soviet Union) with his General staff. Among others present are, General Heinz Wilhelm Guderian; Colonel General Franz Halder and Colonel General Ludwig Beck. Animated map shows planned offensive against the Soviet Union and thence through the Caucauses and into Mideast oil fields. Further grand schemes are illustrated. Ocean supply lines needing to be choked off at Murmansk, Russia, and in the Mediterranean are diagrammed. German U-boat bases are shown on the map. View of a U-boat displaying skull and cross bones on conning tower. U-boat reinforced concrete pens. Map showing U-boat missions.
A British ship convoy underway in the North Sea as part of the Arctic Convoys supplying ships, weapons, and materials to the Soviet Union at Arkhangelsk and Murmansk during World War II. A map showing the North Sea route. The British ships underway. The ships carry weapons and other equipment to Russia as an aid for the fight against Nazi Germany. A man aboard a ship watches the area through binoculars. Crew dressed for Freezing cold temperatures. Enemy aircraft in flight over the area. The German aircraft drop bombs on the convoy. Guns fired from the ships. Smoke rise from firing and bombardment in the area. Circa 1942.