A review of research and development in guided missiles by the United States Air Force from 1919 to 1948. Interior of a steel mill shows workers performing various duties around an open furnace. The exhaust section of a JB-2, flames erupting from the same. A JB-2 launching. It taxis in a wooded area. A large explosion. The exhaust section of V-2 during launching. Failed test as a V-2 rocket streaks down towards the earth after a launch and slams into a wooded area, with a huge explosion resulting. The first guided missile robot torpedo aircraft crashes at Arcadia, Florida. First successful launching of the U.S. aerial guided missile. Exhaust section of JB-2 starting operation attached to a wing of a B-17. The B-17 launching. JB-2 in flight. PQ-8 target aircraft dives towards the slope of a mountain and explodes. An atomic bomb explosion. Atomic cloud formation rises up in the air from the Trinity test, the first atomic explosion, in New Mexico.
The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC news correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the fourth Kennedy-Nixon presidential debate. He speaks that the candidates would answer and comment upon questions put by these four correspondents: Frank Singiser of Mutual News, John Edwards of ABC News, Walter Cronkite of CBS News and John Chancellor of NBC News. Frank Singiser puts the first question to Vice President Nixon. He asks Nixon the way he would handle Fidel Castro's regime and prevent establishment of Communist governments in the Western Hemisphere and why his policy is better for peace and security of the United States in the Western Hemisphere. Nixon answers that Senator Kennedy's policies and recommendations for the handling of Castro regime are dangerously irresponsible recommendations that he's made during the course of this campaign. Nixon speaks that what Senator Kennedy recommends is that the U.S. government should give help to exiles and to those within Cuba who oppose Castro regime, provided they are anti-Batista. Nixon says the United States have five treaties with Latin America, including the one setting up the Organization of American States in Bogota in 1948, in which the U.S. has agreed not to intervene in the internal affairs of any other American country. He further says that if the U.S. follows recommendations of Senator Kennedy then the country would probably be condemned in the United Nations and it would result in an open invitation to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to come into Latin America and to engage the U.S. in a civil war. He speaks about quarantining Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro by cutting off trade and diplomatic relations with Cuba.
Harry S Truman and other officials work on some documents. Truman's Vice Presidential campaign. People hold boards reading 'Truman for Vice President'. Vice President Truman with President Franklin D Roosevelt. The U.S. Capitol Soldiers carry Roosevelt's casket. A crowd at the Washington Monument. The United States flag at half staff on the White House. Truman addresses the Congress. He talks about cooperation and duty. Axis soldiers surrender during World War II in Europe. A large crowd at Broadway celebrates VE Day. The first atom bomb mushrooms into the sky over New Mexico. An American official takes a seat and goes through some documents. An officer reads documents at a table as soldiers stand by and watch.
Cuban freedom fighters in exile in the U.S. and Mexico. New York encircled on the U.S. map. The freedom fighters' leaflets holds up a baseball game at the Yankee Stadium in New York. Players on a baseball field. Miami encircled on the U.S. map. Castro raises funds for the revolution in Miami. Police and officials inspect arms confiscated from the revolutionaries. Mexico City and Quintana encircled on a map. A huge war chest is raised in Mexico City. Castro buys arms and a 58 foot yacht equipped to carry fourteen people in Quintana. Ammunition dumped into a carton. Aerial view of an island. Wheel house on Castro's boat that goes aground Officers and men on the boat. The radio operator sends a message dictated by an officer. Soldiers load ammunition, stand guard, and enter the gates. Some of Castro's men escape to the Sierra Maestra Mountains. A woman lays flowers on a revolutionists' grave, killed during the ambush by Batista's men. Men with load on horses. They cross a stream. A man with a machine gun. Soldiers advance in the jungle, talk to civilians and rest. Soldiers eat fruits, including girls who have joined Castro's movement. Fidel Castro seated in a chair while a man trims his hair. Soldiers shoot at a plane in the sky. A soldier loads his rifle. A woman stitches a shirt with the name 'JULIO' on it. A woman dries clothes on a clothes line.
Alliance of Progress initiated by U.S. President John F. Kennedy to establish economic cooperation between North and South America. The exhibition of the program is inaugurated in Mexico City. Aerial view of the historical monuments in Mexico city. Aerial view of the Opera House, Torre Latinoamericana, Angel of Independence and other landmarks in the City. Traffic on streets. People crowd outside the exhibition hall. A poster of U.S. President John F. Kennedy at the entrance. President of Mexico Adolfo Lopez Mateos inaugurates the exhibition. Other dignitaries stand in the background. People stand in front of the Kennedy's poster. 'USA' hanged in between two poles. The dignitaries standing in front of the poster. A flag of Mexico flutters in the breeze. People inside the exhibition hall. A sign reads 'Alliance for Progress'. The poster of the President of Mexico Adolfo Lopez Mateos, U.S. President and other people the visitors look at the posters that are exhibited. The visitors looking at the posters. A model of an aircraft. Two women explaining to the visitors. A sign reads 'Visit United States'. People look at the U.S. from a screen. Two women distribute pamphlets. They promote tourism. A dignitary inaugurates the tourism department. People crowd outside the U.S. tourism department. A dignitary looks into a paper and speaks. A wall map in the background. The dignitary speaking and people listen to him. Posters on a revolving structure depicting the places that can be visited in the United Sates. Mexico President with other dignitaries look at the exhibition. The visitors visitors in the hall look at several things displayed.
Israeli Hagganah soldiers advance through war-torn Haifa during 1948 Arab-Israeli War in Palestine region. Israeli soldiers search Arabs at a checkpoint. Arabs detained by Israelis. Palestinian refugees fleeing Israeli occupied area carrying their belongings (one using a baby carriage for that purpose). Dejected Palestinian women and children. Dead bodies of Arabs on the ground. Israelis advancing in a town using an armored car. Two armed Israeli soldiers holding their flag. Israeli soldiers gathered together conversing behind Barricade and barbed wire. United Nations meeting at headquarters in Lake Success, New York. A speaker at the podium. Delegates conversing between sessions. Jewish people celebrate the new State of Israel, in New York City. A boy hoists the new country's flag from an apartment window, as crowd stands outside and celebrates. A group of young people dance the Hora (circle dance) in the midst of the crowd.