The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC news correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the fourth Kennedy-Nixon presidential debate. He speaks that the candidates would answer and comment upon questions put by these four correspondents: Frank Singiser of Mutual News, John Edwards of ABC News, Walter Cronkite of CBS News and John Chancellor of NBC News. Frank Singiser puts the first question to Vice President Nixon. He asks Nixon the way he would handle Fidel Castro's regime and prevent establishment of Communist governments in the Western Hemisphere and why his policy is better for peace and security of the United States in the Western Hemisphere. Nixon answers that Senator Kennedy's policies and recommendations for the handling of Castro regime are dangerously irresponsible recommendations that he's made during the course of this campaign. Nixon speaks that what Senator Kennedy recommends is that the U.S. government should give help to exiles and to those within Cuba who oppose Castro regime, provided they are anti-Batista. Nixon says the United States have five treaties with Latin America, including the one setting up the Organization of American States in Bogota in 1948, in which the U.S. has agreed not to intervene in the internal affairs of any other American country. He further says that if the U.S. follows recommendations of Senator Kennedy then the country would probably be condemned in the United Nations and it would result in an open invitation to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to come into Latin America and to engage the U.S. in a civil war. He speaks about quarantining Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro by cutting off trade and diplomatic relations with Cuba.
Israeli Hagganah soldiers advance through war-torn Haifa during 1948 Arab-Israeli War in Palestine region. Israeli soldiers search Arabs at a checkpoint. Arabs detained by Israelis. Palestinian refugees fleeing Israeli occupied area carrying their belongings (one using a baby carriage for that purpose). Dejected Palestinian women and children. Dead bodies of Arabs on the ground. Israelis advancing in a town using an armored car. Two armed Israeli soldiers holding their flag. Israeli soldiers gathered together conversing behind Barricade and barbed wire. United Nations meeting at headquarters in Lake Success, New York. A speaker at the podium. Delegates conversing between sessions. Jewish people celebrate the new State of Israel, in New York City. A boy hoists the new country's flag from an apartment window, as crowd stands outside and celebrates. A group of young people dance the Hora (circle dance) in the midst of the crowd.
Film begins showing location of New York City on a world globe, at the mouth of the Hudson River on the East Coast of the United States. It transitions to an aerial view of the Southern tip of Manhattan Island at the junction of the Hudson and East Rivers and slowly shows views moving Northward along the Hudson River. Piers along the Hudson are visible. Scene shifts to above those piers, looking South at the cluster of Manhattan skyscraper buildings, and beyond to New York Harbor, the borough of Queens, and Brooklyn, and beyond to Long Island in the misty distance. Next the skyscrapers are seen from Queens,across the East River. A large ocean liner is seen underway in New York Harbor, among ferry boats, barges, and tugboats. The Statue of Liberty is seen in the background. An animated map shows regions around New York and traces the Hudson and Mohawk valleys into the Great Lakes. The map is then overlaid with numerous lines representing transportation routes by lend, water, and air. View of Brooklyn Bridge, wharfs, and Manhattan skyline in hazy background. Seagoing freighters loading and unloading at New York's piers. A truck and other cargoes being moved by cranes. Passenger trains moving in the New York city area. View of the famous Beaux-Arts style Penn Station by architects McKim, Mead, and White, at West 34th Street and Eighth Avenue, in Manhattan. Train station interior crowded with travelers and commuters. Commercial aircraft taxiing at a New York area airport. Closeup of two young children watching the planes. Passengers deplaning from a large aircraft. Sign for Peruvian International Airways atop an airport building. A Swissair passenger plane being serviced. Passengers boarding a TWA Lockheed Constellation airplane. A family watching airplanes from an airport observation deck. The Lockheed Constellation starting its engines. A Douglas DC-4 aircraft taxis out and takes off, as several boys watch from the observation deck. Closeup of another group of boys watching planes from the observation deck. Aerial view of Manhattan skyscraper buildings from an overflying airplane. Traffic at Times Square. The Astor Hotel at the left and the Times building straight ahead. Several other street scenes in Manhattan, crowded with pedestrians. A view residential apartment houses along Park Avenue. Views of African Americans crowding the sidewalks in Harlem. Views of "Little Italy" in the lower East side of Manhattan, where Italian restaurants and other businesses are seen. Chinatown is seen with some of the business signs in Chinese. A man of Chinese heritage reading a letter. Asian American children playing together in a neighborhood. New high rise apartment buildings are seen replacing older homes in parts of Manhattan. Mothers wheeling their children on sidewalks in one of the new neighborhoods.
View of the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City. View of the George Washington Bridge, and automobiles at its toll plaza (e.g. 1948 Lincoln). Cars move on New Jersey and Manhattan parkways. Street sign pointing to the 'Queens Midtown tunnel.' Trucks and cars headed toward the tunnel. Traffic entering and leaving the Lincoln Tunnel, including a Pabst Blue Ribbon beer truck. Manhattan commercial markets, where trucks deliver various food supplies. Men unloading the fresh food boxes. Fresh fish is poured into baskets outside the Geo F. Fish market. The food items are supplied to central markets and the grocery stores.
Dwight D. Eisenhower during presidency of the Columbia University in 1948. Eisenhower walking at a Columbia University graduation ceremony in New York City and speaking to the group assembled. Two years later, views of Eisenhower as NATO supreme commander in Europe. Eisenhower seated in NATO Conference. Citizens in United States prepare signs and urge Eisenhower to run for President. He salutes a parade in 1952 as he begins a run for the Presidency. Pamphlets and posters read 'we need Eisenhower'. An animated cartoon shows a smiling and marching Uncle Sam with an "Ike for President" jingle song playing. Cartoon shows animated citizens and an elephant supporting Eisenhower. Scenes from Republican National Convention, and Nixon and Eisenhower holding their arms up together. Citizens voting, using ballot boxes, and voting machines. A nun votes. Eisenhower casts his vote. People hold U.S. flags and cheer. Signboards and neon lighting on a building track vote tally and proclaim Eisenhower victory in 1952 presidential election. Eisenhower in Korea after the election. He meets and eats with American troops in the field and studies the war effort. South Koreans wave flags on announcement of truce (cease-fire armistice) in Korean War Eisenhower takes presidential oath of office in Washington DC. He signs document for Civil Rights Act of 1957 (voting right act). View of negro students of the "Little Rock Nine" entering a military station wagon under armed troop escort during integration of Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock Arkansas. U.S. Army troops escort the African American students into school. Exterior view of United Nations building in New York. Eisenhower delivers speech on Atoms For Peace. Churchill and Khrushchev visit Eisenhower in America. Scenes of John F Kennedy inauguration in 1961. Eisenhower with Kennedy and later with President Johnson. In 1968 address to Republican Convention Eisenhower notes risk of growth of Communism.
A biographical documentary shows the life of Dwight David Eisenhower who was the President of the United States from 1953 to 1961. Dwight David Eisenhower and officers salute. Others stand near him. Eisenhower with his wife Marie Geneva Doud Eisenhower and his child. He walks with his wife. Soldiers holding flags salute. Dwight David Eisenhower in a car salutes them. He sits with a woman. In 1948 he is appointed as the President of Columbia University in New York. He walks with other professors. He is being honored and appointed as the president by other personnels. He addresses the students. In Washington: A plane taxis. Dwight David Eisenhower comes out of a car. Cameramen click pictures. Dwight David Eisenhower wearing a hat stands. He enters a building. He opens his coat. He is greeted by U.S. President Harry S. Truman. The United States Capitol building.