British Army Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery with U.S. Generals in Nieuwkerk, Germany during World War II. Montgomery, U.S. Army Lt. General William H. Simpson and U.S. Army Major General John B. Anderson come out from XVI Corps Headquarters. A soldier takes pictures in the foreground. British soldiers stand in front of the headquarters. Montgomery, Simpson and Anderson standing with other officers. Montgomery looks around and speaks to U.S. Generals. Montgomery, Simpson and Anderson escorted by an officer walk along a road. Buildings and soldiers in the background. They enter the headquarters and come out. A car parked in the foreground. The three of them stand together and talk. Montgomery puts on his coat while talking.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
A U.S. Army staff car displaying a bumper plate with three stars, arrives at a building in Nieuwkerk, Netherlands, being used as headquarters of the U.S. Ninth Army's XVI Corps. Military policemen guard the entrance. Occupants step from the car. Next, Ninth Army Commander, Lieutenant General William H. Simpson, is seen standing in front of the building, with XVI Corps Commander, Major General John B. Anderson (momentarily hatless). In next scene both generals pose (Anderson now wearing his steel helmet). As the two converse, a British staff car drives up. The two American generals salute, as British Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery steps from the car. Next, Montgomery stands in the street, removing his overcoat (with a little difficulty), as he chats with the two U.S. generals. A military photographer, in the background, takes pictures. The three leaders continue their conversations on the sidewalk in front of the building. Closeup of Marshal Montgomery speaking as two army photographers are seen, along with some town dwellings, in the background.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
Documentary titled 'Deutschland Erwache' recounts Germany's wartime experiences. Nazi Swastika emblem is blasted from the top of the Zeppelintribüne at the Nazi party rally grounds in Nuremberg in 1945 by the U.S. Army. Following explosion, the pieces from the destroyed emblem fall from the sky. Montage shows: German Prisoners Of War (POWs) marching; Ratification of the German surrender documents (from surrender two days earlier at Reims) held at Soviet headquarters in Karlshorst, Berlin, Germany on May 9, 1945. German officers present include Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff from the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine. They are seen entering room and signing documents. View of Keitel signing the surrender document. Soviet Russian General looking at surrender documents. General Eisenhower, General Montgomery and others shown in brief glimpses. Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill at Yalta. Aerial views of heavily bomb-damaged cities in Germany, including wrecked German cities of Cologne, Nuremberg, Hamburg, and Berlin. View of Brandenburg gate in background and rubble of bombing in foreground as two people carry a stretcher down the street. A wrecked street sign for the Unter Den Linden lies on the ground partially covered in mud. Ground level views of smoking ruined buildings in Berlin and a few German citizens walking on the streets. Views of dead German soldiers on a battlefield. German soldiers helping to carry and tend to wounded and bandaged German soldiers. Large group of German citizens gathered in a public square.
Views of the U.S. Army Air Forces fair hosted at Wright Field, near Dayton, Ohio, in October, 1945.The highlights of the event were exhibits of captured German and Japanese aircraft, rockets, and equipment. A German V-2 Rocket Motor on display. Soldiers observe the rocket. A German Junkers Ju 388 Störtebeker multi-role aircraft on display. A German Messerschmitt ME-262 Schwalbe fighter on display. A German pilot's victories recorded on the side of a plane. Two soldiers take a look at a Japanese Kamikaze bomb. One of them gets into the bomb seat. American officers and soldiers view the exhibits. 'Alles Kaputt' written on the side of a German Junkers Ju-290 bomber (one of the candidate aircraft, with further development, in Germany's Amerika Bomber project for a long-range bomber capable of striking the United States). Soldiers walk under the plane. 'Transient Aircraft' written on the control tower building in the background.