Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
North Vietnam holds general elections. Ho Chi Minh casts his ballot followed by other North Vietnamese leaders. Ho Chi Minh and other elected officials sit around table. Some stand and speak to Ho Chi Minh about their ideas for the government. Elswhere, citizens parade in the streets, carrying banners, some of which decry American Imperialism. North vietnam begins universal conscription. Mothers seeing their sons off as they depart in uniform. One gives her son a favorite snack wrapped in a napkin.
North Vietnamese documentary propaganda film. North Vietnamese gun boats firing in a river. North Vietnamese antiaircraft guns firing. Wreckage of downed U.S. Navy airplane. Captured U.S. pilot under guard by armed North Vietnamese sailor. Viet Cong firing machine guns at American aircraft. A transport plane hit by gunfire and burning in flight. Armed American soldiers running from a crashed helicopter. American MPs in a jeep pass a cyclist on city street. President Lyndon Baines Johnson; Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara; Secretary of State, Dean Rusk; U.S. Air Force General Curtis Lemay. Dean Rusk and Robert McNamara meeting with Vietnamese officials.Vietnamese man looking through periscopic binoculars. The North Vietnamese flag. Waterfront with factory on shore and Junks in the water. A manufacturing complex. Harvester in farm. Vietnamese school girls dancing in school yard. Vietnamese gun crew at an antiaircraft gun. Vietnamese Navy gun crew on deck of a gunboat. Vietcong preparing booby traps. Viet Cong escorting South Vietnamese prisoner. Vietnamese paratroops. Headlines of American newspapers saying U.S. officials urge raids against North Vietnam. Map showing U.S. attacks on Vietnam. Map highlights date 30th July 1964 and Tau Chien. U.S. aircraft carriers and task force underway at sea. Map highlights Hanoi and date 1st August 1964. Map highlights 2nd August 1964. Guns on ships fired by gun crew. Battleship underway at sea. Map highlights date 3rd August 1964. Map highlights Gulf of Tonkin and date 4th August 1964. Officials in a meeting. U.S. President Lyndon B Johnson speaks at mike. Men under a plane parked on airfield. U.S. carrier underway at sea. Map highlights date 5th August 1964. Aircraft takes off from carrier to attack North Vietnam. Vietcong fire on U.S. planes overhead. Machine guns fired. Men fire guns from North Vietnamese torpedo boat. Torpedo boats and American destroyers in fight.
Vietnamese men and women attend classes in North Vietnam. An instructor takes a class. He reads from a backboard in the front. Vietnamese women cycle on a street. Vietnamese students in a class. Young Vietnamese look through microscopes in a laboratory. Framed pictures of North Vietnamese leaders. A picture of Ho Chi Minh. A young girl waters plants. A cherry blossom plant.
Vietnamese leader, Ho Chi Minh in North Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh reads a book seated at a desk. Interiors of Ho Chi Minh's house with his bed, table, chair and cupboard. He comes down stairs. Ho Chi Minh waters a plant. He plays with young Vietnamese children. Children clap their hands.
Ho Chi Minh reaches out to all North Vietnam. He accepts flower bouquets from Vietnamese children. The children clap their hands. Vietnamese women wave hands. Ho Chi Minh speaks to a group of young women. He gives a speech at a meeting. The crowd stands and claps. Ho Chi Minh speaks to a large crowd of Vietnamese people.