Wooden fishing sailboats returning to shore in Canso, Nova Scotia, in the 1920s. Nets seen on some decks. A fisherman shovels fish from his hold onto the dock. Fishing boats clustered against a dock. Fishermen filleting fish on the dock. A buyer making offer to fisherman for fish in basket on a scale. He receives only 75 cents for a full day's catch. His wife is busy scrubbing clothes in an outdoor tub, when he gives her the 75 cents. She is disappointed. The Reverend Doctor, J.J.Tompkins, Rector of St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, proposes that the University and wider community collaborate to improve lives of the people.He is seen meeting with a group of fishermen on the shore.View of British-Canadian Co-Operative Society Limited, offices in Nova Scotia. Father Tompkins holding a pamphlet entitled: "Co-Operation, A plan for Tomorrow which works today." He studies the pamphlet. Fishermen peruse the pamphlet. Dr. Tompkins conversing with fishermen.
Map showing Nova Scotia, Canada, the USA, and Atlantic Ocean. Fishermen, farmers and miners of Eastern Nova Scotia, living in poverty in the 1920s. People walking past mine shaft; a woman in her home preparing salt cod and fried potatoes for an old man and young boy. Children poorly clad. Rocky unproductive soil with sheep grazing among the rocks and stones. Worker in cap standing in front of factory stacks belching black smoke. Farmers working on road repair crews to supplement their meager incomes. Women doing the farm work without help. Miners leaving the shaft site and the slum housing in which they live. Children in the slums. Non-plastered brick houses, some with wooden roof are seen.
The "Co-Operation" ideas of Rev. Dr.J.J.Tompkins, of St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, give rise to programs such as the Adult Education Program of the Extension Department of the University. Adults are seen participating in education program, as they take evening instruction in reading, writing, and basic economics, in a local school classrooms. Another pioneer in the "Antigonish Movement," the Rev. Dr. Hugh MacPherson of St.Francis Xavier University, is seen on a farm, advising local farmers about soil and farming techniques. In a laboratory at the University, he discusses soil chemistry, with several farmers, and shows them the contrast between plants with and without proper soil conditions. He counsels farmers out in the field. Views of the campus of St. Francis Xavier University. Map of Nova Scotia showing the Eastern area served by the University. Other leaders in the "Antigonish Movement," Dr. M.M. Coady and his assistant, A.B. MacDonald, are seen together, and consulting with other educators at the university. Sister Marie Michael, who leads women's programs, is highlighted.
The salt mining operations in a Nova Scotia mine in Canada. The Canadian miners work on clips and mountains in Malagash salt mine to extract salt. A miner wearing a miner's helmet work. Miners dig salt with shovels. Miners work on various machines. Water being sprayed on the salt walls. Miners on boat. Hand of person showing a salt rock. The salt being packed in sacks for war. A miner sits and eats his lunch. He picks up a pinch of salt from his side and puts it in the food.
Ace log rollers during a competition at Lake Molega in Nova Scotia, Canada. Four log rollers try to balance on a single wooden log. Two of them fall in water. Two other try to balance themselves and unbalance others. Excited spectators at the lake shore watch the competition. Log rollers on a hollow drum and on a big ball. The winner of the competition.
Disaster of Moose River Gold Mines in Nova Scotia. Collapsed Moose River Gold Mines and pile of debris. Rescue miners inspect the site. The men reach by drilling a bore hole on the sixth day to bring food, water and a telephone. Survivors of the disaster. On April 12, 1936 the roof of the mine collapses, trapping three men 150 feet down for 11 days. Rotted timbers split. The rubble traps the cable. Plane in flight. People and relatives of victims at the surface, express grief and depression. Rescuers on surface. Survivors are carried out on litters. Large crowd gather.