Nazi rise to power, rearmament and remilitarization of Germany leading up to World War 2, and actions related the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin. Joseph Goebbels at desk during the Nuremberg Trials. Hans Bernd Gisevius, former official of the Berlin police administration, testifies concerning his investigation of the Reichstag fire. Hans Gisevius relates how Goebbels recruited reliable Nazis to intentionally burn down the Reichstag as a propaganda stunt to help the Nazi movement. Nuremberg War Trial defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Close up of Herman Goring. Footage showing firefighters spraying water on smoking ruins of Reichstag following Reichstag fire in 1933. A German police officer stands guard at the smoking ruins of the Reichstag. View from a high ridge of League of Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, and then inside the League of Nations meeting chamber during the disarmament conference of 1933. View of a Nazi submarine launching in 1934. Steel mill operations and Industrial war materiel operations in Germany in the early 1930's as Germany rearmed and restarted war production. A Nazi party meeting in Germany where General Werner von Blomberg announces compulsory military service. View of legal document describing new military service law. View of conscripted civilian German men with suitcases marching forward report for mandatory military training. Nazi forces in training march goosestep at training camp; Junkers 52 aircraft in background. Soldiers goosestep while walking bicycles in a line. Nazi troops trained. Scenes of remilitarization of Rhineland, violating terms of the Treaty of Versailles, as Nazi troops in 1936 march over the Hohenzollern Bridge crossing the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral rising in the background.
During the trial of Nazi leaders for war crimes at Nuremberg, Germany Hans Gesevius, former official of Berlin Police department testifies regarding his investigation of Reichstag fire. Scenes immediately following burning of Reichstag building -- destroyed as a result of fire. Firemen direct water hoses on smoldering Reichstag ruins. 1933 meeting where German representatives leave the League of Nations and Germany thereafter begins remilitarization and war production of armaments contrary to Treaty of Versailles. General Werner Edward Fritz Von Blomberg announces universal military conscription. Drafted German men receive military training and goosestep on a training field with a Junkers 52 airplane in background. They goosestep while walking bicycles. German troops march to invade Rhineland. Nazi soldiers seen crossing Hohenzollern Bridge over the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral in the background. Nazi official announces March 7, 1936 invasion of Rhineland at a Nazi party gathering with Hitler present. Nazi German troops march at a parade in Nuremberg, Germany. Nazi military officers observe the parade and Adolf Hitler gives a Nazi salute to the German forces.
Events of Nazi crimes are related during the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany. Chief prosecutor from the United States, Robert Houghwout Jackson, makes the opening statement of the prosecution. He presents Count 1 of the indictment a conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against peace and humanity. Defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goring, Rudolf Hess (or Heß), Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. View of the Adolf Hitler's autobiography, "Mein Kampf". Nazi flag flutters in Munich, Germany. Scenes of panic, riots, and political and economic unrest in the streets of post World War I Munich, Germany, during the 1920's and 1930's as Adolf Hitler and his associates rose to power. Large crowd gathered on the streets on the eve of Nazi party rally. A younger Adolf Hitler and aides pose at the stairs of a building. Adolf Hitler reviews his Brownshirt Sturmabteilung SA troops and addresses the party. Joseph Goebbels shown in an office seated at a desk and talking on phone, and then speaking at an early Nazi rally. View of headlines of German Newspapers. Scenes of street riots and efforts by the Nazis aimed to gain the highest degree of control over the Germans by any means. Burning of books by Nazi leaders in a large bonfire. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin.
Nuremberg trials in Nuremberg Germany. Nazi war leaders with earphones sit in the prisoner's dock. Voice of Justice William Norman Birkket is heard in background accounting historical events in the second half of the 1930s as Nazi power grew. View of prisoner's dock, prosecutors and judges sitting in tribunal. Justice Birkket speaks on issues like the Violation of defense law by Hitler, German economy for war, rebuilding of German Armed forces, violations of the Treaty of Versailles, and construction of new submarine arms.
Nazi rally in Nuremberg, Germany ca.1934. Massed Storm troopers and spectators salute Hitler.An artillery piece is fired. Hitler personally recognizing loyal Storm troopers. Animated map of Asia, showing Japanese occupation of Manchuria, and Italian occupation of Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines describe Britain and France hesitating to support League of Nations oil sanctions against Italy; and U.S. increasing its oil exports to Italy by 600% (ca. 1935). Hitler and Hermann Goering looking pleased in Hitler's private railroad car. Adolf Hitler at a planning table covered with maps. German citizens traveling abroad and Joachim von Ribbentrop visiting London, as ambassador to Great Britain, in 1936. View of Léon Degrelle and his Catholic-fascist, Rexist party in Belgium (ca. 1936). View of Colonel Francois de la Rocque speaking at a Cross of Fire (Croix-de-Feu) party night rally in France.Konrad Henlein,leader of the Sudeten German Party in Czechoslovakia. Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian National Socialist official, seen in an automobile during a parade. Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, addressing followers and defending Hitler. Street scenes of public disorder attributed to Nazi sympathizers in France and Belgium. Mass meeting of the German American Bund in Madison Square Garden, New York City,1939. U.S. flags and picture of George Washington decorate stage. Fritz Julius Kuhn addresses the gathering and members rough up a protester. Views of heavy industry in Germany, especially steel manufacturing for remilitarization. Persons working at a German concentration camp. Dramatized execution by machine gun. View of Heinrich Himmler. German President Paul von Hindenburg. German national conscription of 1935. German youth training pilots with gliders. German paratroopers, Junkers 52 aircraft, soldiers goosestep, tanks. Ju 87 Stuka plane. German invasion of Rhineland, 1936. Construction of Siegfried Line. Antitank barriers, bunkers, dragons teeth. Hitler visiting Westwall. German military parade.
Film 'Why We Fight' provides historical perspective on Adolf Hitler's plan of world conquest. Image of Otto von Bismark and year 1863 is seen with quote,"We will dominate the whole world." Year 1914 and image of Kaiser Wilhelm II and quote,"God has made us for civilizing the world. Woe and death to all who resist my will." Year 1933 and image of Adolf Hitler and quote: My motto is,'Destroy by all and any means. National Socialism will reshape the world'." German eagle monument with swastika. Troops in precise large formation during Totenehrung (honoring of the dead) at the 1934 Nuremberg Rally as Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Viktor Lutze walk forward during the ceremony. Buglers blow and troops march at another Nazi rally. Images of military graves in a cemetery. Images of British soldiers blinded by gas attacks in World war I. Bodies of persons dead from diseases due to war. Fleeting images of destruction and grief from war, including hanged persons. Hitler at a podium flanked by Himmler. Closeups of Hitler. The buglers previously shown are seen again.Hitler standing with Viktor Lutze and Rudolf Hess. Brief images of Mongols marching and riding horses, with image of Genghis Khan. Map showing Mongolian 13th Century conquests in Asia and Eastern Europe. German Institute of Geopolitics in Munich, founded by Karl Ernst Haushofer. Closeup of Haushofer with backdrop of world map. Clerks in the institute cataloging information. German soldiers entering and studying in the institute. Brief images of economic wealth of the world, roughnecks setting pipe at an oil well, a "forest" of oil well derricks, harvested trees, steam shovels at an open pit mine, ore on a conveyer, cattle, farmers harvesting grain, flocks of sheep, and human labor. Animated map showing distribution of land area in the world and comparing Hitler's plan of conquest to that of Gengis Khan.