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Nuremberg Germany 1949 stock footage and images

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United States and Russian troops in Germany after World war 2; division of West Germany and East Germany

Bomb damaged and ruined buildings of Nazi Germany in 1945, including the Reichstag. Nazi Eagle symbol of Third Reich pulled down from building and crashes to the ground at end of World War 2. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population lines sidewalks and watches them parade. Sign on a shop reads "Gaststatte Schosser." Many buildings in view are damaged or destroyed from bomb attacks during World War 2. American soldiers occupying German give candy to German children who at first hide from them. Nazi leaders including Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, seen on trial in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. women and children trying to gather wood from stumps of trees for fuel. A woman sawing a log. Women and children scraping food from inside trash cans and refuse bins, to stay alive during scarcity and shortages after the war. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children in relief lines. Close up of a smiling boy as he receives food or drink. Soviet Russian Army soldiers occupying East Berlin and marching in formation. Russians removing an industrial lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany as the Soviet Union continues to strip Germany of resources after the war. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Views of empty streets and heavily damaged buildings of Berlin after the end of the war. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. View of Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. Leaders seen meeting inside include American General Joseph T. McNarney, French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig), Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov,. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. View of Spandau Prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet and American troops drill and march on the grounds of Spandau Prison. An American soldier relieves a Soviet soldier at a watch post. Soviet blockade of West Berlin begins in June 1948. View of a man shutting down power in a power plant and lights going dark in Berlin. Blackout conditions in Berlin during the blockade. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. Germans exchange goods in black market setting. A man plants vegetables in view of the Brandenburg Gate. The Berlin Airlift operations underway. U.S. Air Force C-54 aircraft flying low and arriving in Berlin, bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. U.S. military forces unloading relief supplies and food from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being unloaded from airplanes. German children gather on a hill and watch low-flying American airlift planes as they approach to land at Tempelhof Aerodrome in Berlin. An Air Force airman throws a package out of the aircraft. It is a very small parachute with candy that drops from the American airplane to the waiting children. Children run to retrieve it and they share and eat the candy. Blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. View of railroad tracks being re-linked, a locomotive running on tracks, and trains cross between East and West Berlin. Ships loading goods onto trains for Berlin. A coal processing factory running again in Germany. German workers producing industrial parts and goods again in production factories. West German construction workers rebuilding structures in West Germany. German people cast votes, establishing Federated German Republic (West Germany). Figures seen include U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer, President of the new German Republic, together in Bonn, Germany. Soviet Russian troops marching on parade in East Germany. East German workers rioting in 1953, in protest of increased production quotas. Soviet forces in armored vehicles patrol the streets and disperse the crowd. A large electronic billboard banner flashes West German messages and propaganda to those who can view it in East Berlin. Citizen refugees from East Germany arriving in a processing center in West Germany, carrying bags and luggage. East German refugees laying on the ground on blankets in a crowded immigration processing center of West Germany. A woman irons clothes in the immigration center, while a child plays with dolls.

Date: 1949
Duration: 7 min 36 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Footage after Reichstag fire, and of rearmament of Germany presented during the Nuremberg Trials in Nuremberg, Germany.

Nazi rise to power, rearmament and remilitarization of Germany leading up to World War 2, and actions related the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin. Joseph Goebbels at desk during the Nuremberg Trials. Hans Bernd Gisevius, former official of the Berlin police administration, testifies concerning his investigation of the Reichstag fire. Hans Gisevius relates how Goebbels recruited reliable Nazis to intentionally burn down the Reichstag as a propaganda stunt to help the Nazi movement. Nuremberg War Trial defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Close up of Herman Goring. Footage showing firefighters spraying water on smoking ruins of Reichstag following Reichstag fire in 1933. A German police officer stands guard at the smoking ruins of the Reichstag. View from a high ridge of League of Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, and then inside the League of Nations meeting chamber during the disarmament conference of 1933. View of a German Kriegsmarine submarine launching in 1934. Steel mill operations and Industrial war materiel operations in Germany in the early 1930's as Germany rearmed and restarted war production. A Nazi party meeting in Germany where General Werner von Blomberg announces compulsory military service. View of legal document describing new military service law. View of newly recruited (conscripted) civilian German men with suitcases marching forward report for mandatory military training. Nazi forces in training march goosestep at training camp; Junkers 52 aircraft in background. Soldiers goosestep while walking bicycles in a line. Nazi troops trained. Scenes of remilitarization of Rhineland, violating terms of the Treaty of Versailles, as Nazi troops in 1936 march over the Hohenzollern Bridge crossing the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral rising in the background.

Date: 1936
Duration: 3 min 1 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Brutalities against prisoners, officials gathered in the Palace of Nations for Third Geneva Convention; discussion of Geneva Conventions.

Film scenes span from early 1940s through mid 1960s. Film opens showing armed conflict in Laos and South America. Soldiers firing rifles in jungle areas. Armed men running across a field and in a town in Cyprus. Heavy armor engaged in conflict and buildings burning in undisclosed location. Riots in Congo with a crowd of men beating another man. Armed Republic of South Vietnam soldiers (ARVN) moving through jungle in Vietnam. A Viet Cong shot as ARVN troops attack a hut. People fleeing in streets of Cuba as government soldiers engage armed revolutionaries under Castro. A civilian woman suffering a seizure as Red Cross workers attempt to carry her. Burned body of dead tank crew soldier atop a tank. Medical corps persons moving wounded on a stretcher. Various views of ARVN with captured Viet Cong in Vietnam. Narrator discussion about Geneva Conventions and Counterinsurgency. View of the Palace of Nations building in Geneva Switzerland. Scene shifts to inside, in 1949, where delegates of 59 nations are gathered to develop rules to protect prisoners of war, wounded prisoners, noncombatants and others caught up such internal conflicts. View from ground of German paratroopers during World War 2, jumping from Junkers Ju-52 trimotor transport planes. Closeup of German soldiers leaping from a plane and descending in parachutes. Japanese soldiers surrendering to Americans on a Pacific Island in World War 2. Several scenes of massacre victims lying on the ground, victims of Nazi German brutality in Europe during World War II. Survivors of a Nazi concentration camp near the time of its liberation in 1945. A U.S. Army medical corpsmen help one to a stretcher. Executed prisoners of war. Courtroom of the Nuremberg trials. Seen in the front row of Nazi leaders are: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, and Julius Streicher. Seated behind them are: Karl Dönitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, and Konstantin von Neurath. Scene shifts to the postwar trial of Japanese Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma, in the Philippines. Prisoners with hands bound, in an unidentified Asian conflict, being herded into an open truck. Views of the document constituting the 3rd Geneva Convention of 1949, addressing treatment of prisoners and of parts directed to "conflicts not of an international character." Views of a traumatized civilian driver wounded and a female passenger killed in in his car (appears to be in Cuba or Latin America). Armed gunmen have the man leave the car. A man lays the body of the woman beside the car. Scene shifts to a group of surrendered Vietcong fighters with their weapons stacked. Wounded combatants being carried on stretchers. American survivors of a Japanese prison camp receiving a good meal after being rescued - this is possibly in the Philippines in 1945. Many of the American prisoners are gaunt and emaciated and malnourished. Narrator recites list of activities prohibited by Geneva conventions, as images show these activities: A ditch filled with victims of massacre. Hostages being taken in an internal conflict in an African country. Prisoners being beaten by non-uniformed civilians in and humiliated in public. A recently liberated prison with a former prisoner in striped uniform beating a man as a group is marched away (likely a World War 2 concentration camp with a liberated prisoner beating a former Nazi guard). Death sentences being rendered without due process. A court in Cuba. A boy pointing at a lineup of prisoners. A prisoner shot.

Date: 1965
Duration: 5 min 49 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Chief Prosecutor of France Francious De Monthon concludes counts 3 and 4 against Nazi leaders during Nuremberg trial

During Nuremberg trial Chief Prosecutor of France Francious De Monthon concludes counts 3 and 4 and describes from memoranda of Fritz Sauckel Nazi policy of forced labor. Captives used as labor and later on killed by the Nazis.

Date: 1949
Duration: 2 min 39 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Expansion of Soviet and Communist Chinese territories from World War II through 1949

German invasion of Russia during World War II. A map showing German invasion path in Russia until defeat at siege of Stalingrad. A map showing Soviet postwar expansion into Eastern Poland, East Prussia, portions of Finland and other areas. Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are incorporated as Republics into the Soviet Union. Russian zones of occupation in Germany, Austria and North Korea. Map depicts an "Iron Curtain" encompassing the Soviet postwar territories. Soviet troops and tanks occupying countries. Soviet ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns traveling along a city street. Crowds cheering in a stadium in Soviet East Germany. President Wilhelm Pieck of the German Democratic Republic is among people seen applauding in the stands. . Soviet cargo ships in a harbor operating under trade agreements. Chinese Communist forces moving with guns and artillery and tanks to expel Chiang Kai-Shek and Chinese Nationalists from mainland China, in 1949. Chinese refugees including a casualty and a child holding a bag.

Date: 1949
Duration: 1 min 55 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
New government formed in East Germany and civilian laborers working under harsh conditions demonstrate.

New government formed in East Germany after the defeat of Nazis in World War II. Early GDR (DDR) Communist Party meeting underway in East Germany in 1949. Attendees applaud as GDR President Wilhelm Pieck, leader of the party, is congratulated. Joseph Stalin reviews parade at Kremlin in Moscow. East German refugees fleeing to the West with their belongings in hand. East German military erecting fence posts for new wire fences to deter escape (which evolved soon after into the Berlin Wall). Watch tower overlooking a border zone between East Germany and West Germany. Socialist meetings in small towns in East Germany. Townspeople marching through towns with party flags. Industry under communist rule, with men and women working at metal and coal factories and at railroads. Citizen soldiers, both men and women being trained and armed with rifles as local militia. They march in a parade with their arms. Children with Bows and arrows follow them. An archery contest for the children with Communist party leaders looking on in approval. A young East German girl shoots an arrow and hits the bulls eye on a target of Konrad Adenauer, leader of West Germany. Soviet military and tanks parade on streets of East Germany.

Date: 1949
Duration: 2 min 6 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Portuguese
 
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